U.S. Senator Henry M. Jackson dies on September 1, 1983.

  • By David Wilma
  • Posted 8/08/2003
  • HistoryLink.org Essay 5508
On September 1, 1983, U.S. Senator Henry M. "Scoop" Jackson (1912-1983) dies in Everett of a heart attack. Jackson represented Washington in the House of Representatives and in the Senate for 42 years. He will be succeeded in the Senate by former Governor Daniel J. Evans (b. 1925).

Jackson was raised in Everett and earned the nickname Scoop in the 1920s when he delivered 74,880 copies of The Everett Herald without a complaint. He became a Snohomish County prosecutor and was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1940 as a Democrat from the 2nd Congressional District.

In 1952, he was elected to the Senate where he became an advocate of a strong defense. In 1960, he was under serious consideration as the running mate of Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy (1917-1963). Jackson ran for president twice. In 1968, he was offered the post of Secretary of Defense by Republican President-elect Richard M. Nixon (1913-1994), but Jackson declined.

During the Vietnam War, Jackson was a "hawk" (Seattle P-I). Supporters of U.S. policies in Vietnam were known as "hawks." People opposed to the war were known as "doves."

After Jackson's death, Governor John Spellman (b. 1926) appointed former Governor Daniel J. Evans to Jackson's seat in the Senate (on September 8, 1983). Evans resigned as head of The Evergreen State College and as head of the Northwest Power Planning Council.

Jackson was stricken at his home in Everett and was pronounced dead at a hospital. He is buried at Evergreen Cemetery in Everett.

Sources: "Sen. Henry Jackson Dead," Seattle Post-Intelligencer, September 2, 1983, p. A-1, A-5; "Jackson Was Very Fit For His Age," Ibid., ; Laura Parker, "A Last Goodbye To Henry Jackson," Ibid., September 8, 1983, p. A-1, A-10.

Related Topics:   Biographies | Government & Politics

Licensing: This essay is licensed under a Creative Commons license that encourages reproduction with attribution. Credit should be given to both HistoryLink.org and to the author, and sources must be included with any reproduction. Click the icon for more info. Please note that this Creative Commons license applies to text only, and not to images. For more information regarding individual photos or images, please contact the source noted in the image credit.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License
Major Support for HistoryLink.org Provided By: The State of Washington | Patsy Bullitt Collins | Paul G. Allen Family Foundation | Museum Of History & Industry | 4Culture (King County Lodging Tax Revenue) | City of Seattle | City of Bellevue | City of Tacoma | King County | The Peach Foundation | Microsoft Corporation, Other Public and Private Sponsors and Visitors Like You