Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight Hiram M. Chittenden Patsy Collins Gordon Hirabayashi Home William Boeing
Search Encyclopedia
Advanced Search
Featured Eassy Sponsor Book Store Donate Now
Home About Us Contact Us Education Bookstore Tourism Advanced Search
6954 HistoryLink.org essays now available      
Donate Subscribe


Cyberpedias Cyberpedias
Timeline Essays Timeline Essays
People's Histories People's Histories

Selected Collections
Cities & Towns Cities & Towns
County Thumbnails Counties
Biographies Biographies
Interactive Cybertours Interactive Cybertours
Slide Shows Slideshows
Public Ports Public Ports
Audio & Video Audio & Video

Research Shortcuts

Map Searches
Alphabetical Search
Timeline Date Search
Topic Search


Book of the Fortnight
Audio/Video Enhanced
History Bookshelf
Klondike Gold Rush Database
Duvall Newspaper Index
Wellington Scrapbook

More History

Washington FAQs
Washington Milestones
Honor Rolls
Columbia Basin
Walla Walla
Roads & Rails

April 16, 2015 – April 22, 2015

Earth Day

Forty-five years ago this week, on April 22, 1970, the first Earth Day celebration was held to raise awareness of environmental issues. On that day, Washington U.S. Senator Henry M. Jackson -- a leader on environmental legislation -- spoke at UW and WSU on the dangers of environmental degradation. In Pullman, some students pelted him with marshmallows due to his hawkish stance on the Vietnam War, but Jackson caught a few and threw them back, eliciting cheers.

In keeping with Earth Day celebrations, we also note that this week marks anniversaries of two analyses of the Northwest's natural world that took place two centuries ago. On April 22, 1812, fur trader, explorer, and geographer David Thompson left Kettle Falls for Montreal, having spent the previous year undertaking a scientific survey of the Columbia River. His explorations led to the first accurate rendition of the Inland Northwest north of the Snake River.

And on April 20, 1825, Scottish naturalist David Douglas arrived at Fort Vancouver, one month after the fur-trading outpost opened on the north bank of the Columbia River in present-day Clark County. Douglas, a collector for England's Horticultural Society, was dispatched to the Northwest coast to bring back specimens and seeds of regional plants for introduction into British gardens and forests. A year later, he made the first recorded ascent of the Cascade Mountains.

This Earth Day, we hope you'll do some exploring of your own to learn more about the state we live in. HistoryLink currently has close to 600 essays that pertain to Washington's environment and environmental history -- plenty to keep you informed and aware. So grab a tablet or smart phone and enjoy some of them under that tree you just planted. Hopefully on a sunny day.

Opening Day

Century 21 -- America's Space Age World's Fair -- opened in Seattle on April 21, 1962, and for the rest of that summer visitors got an optimistic glimpse of things to come, even though the fair got off to a rocky start and almost ended with a bang.

Two of the fair's notable icons each have double anniversaries this week. Groundbreaking ceremonies were held on April 17, 1961, for the Space Needle and it was named a City of Seattle historic landmark on April 19, 1999. And April 19, 1962, saw the maiden run of the Monorail, which was named a landmark on April 16, 2003.

News Then, History Now

Firefight: On April 18, 1889, a devastating fire wiped out most of downtown Cheney. It was just the first of many notable conflagrations throughout the state that year. Seattle's Great Fire struck in June, much of Ellensburg went up in flames a month later, and Spokane residents felt the heat a month after that. This week also marks the anniversary of a major fire on the Sammamish Plateau, on April 16, 1939.

Home Site: On April 22, 1889, Duncan Hunter filed a homestead claim to 80 acres of dense forest in south Snohomish County, becoming the first non-Indian resident of what would become Lynnwood. Other homesteaders soon followed, but the city didn't incorporate until April 20, 1959.

Work Stops: One of Washington's longest and nastiest strikes began on April 22, 1948, when aeromechanics walked out of Boeing. Group Health Cooperative expressed solidarity with the machinists, but the strike took a peculiar twist when Boeing allied with Teamsters leader Dave Beck to lure workers into an alternative union local. The IAM beat back Beck, but returned to work after six months with no new contract.

Open Shops: Sixty-five years ago this week, on April 21, 1950, hordes of shoppers attended the opening of Northgate Mall, which was designed by John Graham Jr., later chief architect for the Space Needle. Graham's architectural firm also helped shape Seattle's waterfront.

Two of a Kind: Fifty-five years ago this week, on April 16, 1960, Tacoma's new Cheney Stadium hosted its first baseball game. Twenty-three years later, the city welcomed a larger sports arena when the Tacoma Dome opened on April 21, 1983.

Nevermind: On April 17, 1991, Nirvana debuted the song "Smells Like Teen Spirit" at Seattle's OK Hotel, an all-ages rock club located in Seattle's Pioneer Square. The song went on to become a smash hit and an anthem for a generation of rock 'n' roll fans.

Quote of the Week

Here is your country. Cherish these natural wonders, cherish the natural resources, cherish the history and romance as a sacred heritage, for your children and your children's children.

                               --Theodore Roosevelt

Image of the Week

On April 16, 1971, this billboard appeared in response to the Boeing Bust.

Today in Washington History      RSS Feed

Contract for construction of Cedar River Pipeline Number One awarded on April 19, 1899.

Gisell Herzog founds first Seattle chapter of Hadassah on April 19, 1923.

Fox (Music Hall) Theatre opens in Seattle on April 19, 1929.

Seattle's Monorail is christened on April 19, 1962, just two days before Century 21 opens.

Stokely Carmichael speaks to 4,000 at Seattle's Garfield High School on April 19, 1967.

Seattle Radical Women hold what is likely the nation's first women's liberation demonstration on April 19, 1968.

Seattle City Council approves open housing ordinance on April 19, 1968.

The Washington House of Representatives votes to restrict pay toilets on April 19, 1977.

Democratic State Senator Sid Snyder shocks Legislature by resigning from office to protest GOP tactics on April 19, 1997.

Space Needle officially becomes a City of Seattle historic landmark on April 19, 1999.

State Senate adopts Resolution 8675 honoring the sesquicentennial of the landing of the Denny Party on Alki Beach on April 19, 2001.

Seattle pioneer Doc Maynard's gravestone in Seattle's Lake View Cemetery is rededicated on April 19, 2003.

King County is renamed in honor of the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. on April 19, 2005.

New Essays This Week       RSS Feed

M.V. Liu Lin Hai, first ship from People's Republic of China to visit U.S., docks at Pier 91 in Seattle on April 18, 1979.

Victor L. Kandle is awarded the Medal of Honor posthumously on May 11, 1945.

Gogerty, Robert Emmett "Bob" (1940-2014)

Methow Canal Company pipeline across Methow River is completed on August 31, 1908.

Special Suites
A-Y-P Exposition
Century 21 Exposition
Civil War in Washington
Dance Marathons
Group Health
King County 1st Citizens
Lewis & Clark
Port of Seattle
Port of Tacoma
Rose Red & Spooks
Sea-Tac Airport
Seattle Children's Hospital
Seattle City Light
Seattle Public Library
Southeast Seattle
Washington Forests
Washington Islands
Washington Public Ports
Washington State Ferries
WTO Protests 1999
Agriculture | Asian & Pacific Islander Americans | Aviation | Biographies | Black Americans | Buildings | Business | Calamities | Celebrities | Cities & Towns | Counties | Crime | Curiosities | Economics | Education | Environment | Exploration | Fairs & Festivals | Film | Firsts | Gays & Lesbians | Government & Politics | Health | Hispanics & Latinos | Industry | Infrastructure | Irish Americans | Italian Americans | Jews in Washington | Labor | Landmarks | Law | Maritime | Media | Most-Least | Music & Musicians | Northwest Indians | Organizations | Pioneers | Recreation | Religion | Roads & Rails | Roots | Scandals | Scandinavians | Science & Technology | Seattle Neighborhoods | Slavic Americans | Society | South-Asian Americans | Sports |Theater & Dance | Vanished | Visual Arts | War & Peace | Washington Rivers | Weather | Women's History | Writers & Poets
Major Funding Provided By
4 Culture City of Seattle Office of Arts & Culture Port of Seattle Washington Ports Vulcan Inc. Seattle Public Library Group Health Coop Port of Tacoma Bartell Drugs Tupper Mack Jensen Wells PLCC The Next Fifty KCTS Seattle Channel MOHAI Washington State Historical Society BlackPast.org King County
Home About Us Contact Us Education Bookstore Tourism Advanced Search

HistoryLink.org is the first online encyclopedia of local and state history created expressly for the Internet. (SM)
HistoryLink.org is a free public and educational resource produced by History Ink, a 501 (c) (3) tax-exempt corporation.
Contact us by phone at 206.447.8140, by mail at Historylink, 1411 4th Ave. Suite 803, Seattle WA 98101 or email admin@historylink.org