Grant County Superior Court on March 2, 1960, allows Port of Hartline measure to appear on election ballot.

  • By Brian Gann
  • Posted 2/27/2011
  • Essay 9754

On March 2, 1960, Grant County Superior Court allows the question of the formation of the Port of Hartline to appear on the ballot in the election scheduled for later that month. The Port of Quincy, also in Grant County, seeks to block formation of the new port in order to expand its own port district, but is ruled against. The Town of Hartline will vote to form the Port of Hartline overwhelmingly, 159 to 8. But the ensuing years will see relatively little Port activity. That will change in 2009 when the Port purchases the Hartline School, a historic building, and begins a new mission to preserve its legacy. Presently (2011), the Port of Hartline is one of six public ports in the state that is not a member of the Washington Public Ports Association.


Hartline and the Port of Quincy 

Unlike many other towns that expanded rapidly after Grant County incorporated in 1909, Hartline was still a small town 50 years later. Lying in north Grant County, Hartline boasted a population of only a few hundred people in 1960. Lying to south, Quincy was poised to become a major economic center, forming its own port district in 1958 to help diversify the local economy.

Unlike other ports like Seattle and Tacoma that had countywide districts, the Port of Quincy only had jurisdiction around the towns of Quincy and George. Quincy sought to change that in late 1959 when port officials announced their intention to absorb most of north Grant County, including Hartline, by a measure on the 1960 November general election ballot.

Hartline reacted quickly to the threat of annexation. Shortly after Quincy announced its plans, Hartline decided to form its own port district in order protect the area from the Port of Quincy’s expansion -- any region already part of a port district cannot annexed. Their plan was to place the measure on the March special election ballot, eight months before Quincy was potentially going to expand. Fellow northern towns Wilson Creek, Grand Coulee, and Coulee City formed similar plans. Not wanting to have their port be dominated economically and politically by a larger town to the south, the northern communities sought to retain local control by forming their own ports.   

Although Quincy initially tried to block their efforts through legal force, the Grant County Superior Court sided with the northern communities and all four ports were allowed on the March ballot.  On March 8, Hartline citizens responded overwhelmingly, 159 to eight,  in favor of forming the Port of Hartline, officially called Grant County Port District No. 5. The first three commissioners were Earl J. Heathman, John Timm, and Harry N. Boger.

Hartline School

Having been formed as a defensive measure against the threat of absorption, the Port of Hartline was inactive for some time after its creation. Over the years, the Port eventually acquired several small properties in the town of Hartline.  Nearly 50 years after its formation, the Port took on an expanded role when it agreed, in September 2009, to purchase the historic Hartline School.   

Completed in 1922, the Hartline School, according to its preservations society, is "one of the oldest and best preserved 'rural brick schoolhouses' in eastern Washington" (Hartline School Preservation Association website). The School was designed by Frederick E. Westcott (d. 1946) and by Howard L. Gifford, who designed the interior of the Timberline Lodge on Mt. Hood in Oregon.

The school had been in operation for nearly 90 continuous years when, in December 2008, the consolidated Coulee-Hartline School District decided to close it down. In April 2009 the school district offered the school building and adjacent property to the Port of Hartline. The Port worked with the Hartline School Preservation Association, the Hartline Betterment Organization, and local community members to make an agreement mutually beneficial for all parties. Finally, on September 8, 2009, the Port voted to purchase the Hartline School property.

The Hartline school was added to the Washington Heritage Register of Historic Places in November 2009 and National Register of Historic Places in January 2010. Today, the Port of Hartline, together with the Hartline School Preservation Association, has an established mission to "plan for the future of the historic Hartline School" and ensure that the School remains an integral part of the Hartline community (Hartline School Preservation Association website).


"Annual Report For Ports Using the Minimum Revenue and Expense Accounts Only to the Office of State Auditor Division of Municipal Corporations of the Financial Transactions of the Number Five Grant for the Fiscal Year Ended on December 31, 1975," tax report forum in possession of the Washington Public Ports Association, Olympia; "County Port Controversy Echoing After New Talk," Grant County Daily Journal, January 13, 1960, p. 1; "History," Hartline School Preservation Association website accessed February 25, 2011 (; Online Encyclopedia of Washington State History, "Grant County -- Thumbnail History" (By Eric L. Flom), and "Voters approve formation of Port of Quincy on March 11, 1958" (By Brian Gann), (accessed February 23, 2011); "Newest Port Petition For Annexation," Grant County Daily Journal, January 6, 1960, p. 1; "Port Ballots Challenged By Court Action Here," Grant County Daily Journal, February 17, 1960, p. 1;  "Port Issues Win Favor," Grant County Daily Journal, March 9, 1960, p. 1;  "Port Votes Given O.K.," Grant County Daily Journal, March 3, 1960, p. 1. 
Note: This essay was corrected on May 10 and June 20 and 23, 2011.

Licensing: This essay is licensed under a Creative Commons license that encourages reproduction with attribution. Credit should be given to both and to the author, and sources must be included with any reproduction. Click the icon for more info. Please note that this Creative Commons license applies to text only, and not to images. For more information regarding individual photos or images, please contact the source noted in the image credit.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License
Major Support for Provided By: The State of Washington | Patsy Bullitt Collins | Paul G. Allen Family Foundation | Museum Of History & Industry | 4Culture (King County Lodging Tax Revenue) | City of Seattle | City of Bellevue | City of Tacoma | King County | The Peach Foundation | Microsoft Corporation, Other Public and Private Sponsors and Visitors Like You