Showing 1 - 20 of 37 results
Adams County -- Thumbnail History
Adams County is a predominantly rural county located in southeastern Washington, with Ritzville serving as county seat. Since 1952 Columbia River water brought through the Columbia Basin Project has irrigated region's fertile volcanic soil. Adams County measures 1,925 square miles, ranking it 14th in size among Washington's 39 counties. It is bordered to the north by Lincoln County, to the east by Whitman County, to the south by Franklin County, and to the west by Grant County. As of 2005, Adams County has a population of 17,000, two-thirds of whom live in rural parts of the county. Othello (population 6,120) and Ritzville (population 1,730) are the largest towns. Agricultural pursuits include dry-land wheat farming, irrigated apple orchards, and field crops (primarily potatoes). The vegetable- and fruit-processing industry, especially potato processing and French fry manufacturing, provides most of the county's industrial employment. As of 2006, Adams County's population was 52 percent Hispanic, with most Hispanic residents being of Mexican heritage.
File 7835: Full Text >
Adams, Bishop John Hurst (b. 1927)
Bishop John Hurst Adams was pastor at Seattle's First African Methodist Episcopal Church from 1962 to 1968 and a leader in the city's civil rights struggle. He moved to other cities and states after 1968, rising to national prominence as a religious and civil rights leader.
File 8098: Full Text >
Adams, Nora B. (1928-2004)
Nora B. Adams was an African American Seattle Public School principal who left more than $1 million in her estate to three of her major interests. She left $600,000 to the Seattle Public Schools Scholarship Fund and divided the rest between cancer and heart research. A shrewd investor, Adams divested herself of stock brokers and managed her own portfolio. She devoted 37 years to education, as a teacher and as an administrator and was one of the first black female principals in the city. According to her nephew, Gordon McHenry Jr. (Boeing executive and former member of the Seattle Public Library Board), she was the quintessential educator, not given to idle chatter but insisting on thoughtful and meaningful conversation.
File 8506: Full Text >
AFM Seattle Local 493 (1918-1958), "Negro Musicians' Union"
Today's labor union for Seattle's professional musicians is the American Federation of Musicians (AFM) Local 76-493, and that numerically cumbersome name reflects perfectly the organization's tangled and sometimes contentious backstory. Seattle's first musicians' union, AFM Local 76, dated back to the 1890s. But as ever-greater numbers of African Americans arrived in the young, growing town the musicians among them soon discovered that the union had an unwritten segregation policy. A complex, Jim Crow system of turf boundaries arose, with Local 76 musicians claiming the most lucrative gigs. Excluded, black musicians founded their own union, Local 458, in 1918. That organization morphed into Local 493 in 1924, and the two unions then co-existed inharmoniously for the next four decades. AFM 493 became a lifeline and social pillar for the black community. It was at the very center of Seattle's vibrant jazz scene, and bore its share of struggles throughout the era's civil rights strife. At its peak in the 1940s, Local 493 probably had about 150 members (compared to Local 76's 1,200), and it represented some of Seattle's biggest African American stars, including Ray Charles (1930-2004), Phil Moore (1918-1987), and Quincy Jones (b. 1933). But changing times and increased racial tolerance eventually saw the two unions formally merge in 1958, an early instance of the more widespread racial integration that was to come during the following decades.
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Alaskan Way Viaduct, Part 3: Building the Viaduct
After a protracted planning period that spanned nearly two decades, work commenced on the Alaskan Way Viaduct on February 6, 1950. The project, jointly constructed by the City of Seattle and the state Department of Highways over 16 years, provided Seattle with its first bypass route around the downtown business district, relieving traffic congestion. When the Columbia Street on-ramp opened in 1966, the finished project included an elevated, double-deck highway, a subway under Battery Street connecting the viaduct to Aurora Avenue, eight ramp connections, two underpasses, and a southern, at-grade roadway that rose on another elevated structure to pass over the Spokane Street Viaduct and connect with E Marginal Way.
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Allen, Raymond Bernard (1902-1986)
Trained as a medical doctor, Dr. Raymond B. Allen served as president of University of Washington (UW) from 1946 to 1951. Although his time at the UW was a relatively brief stop in a career that took him to the highest levels of academia and government, it was one of the most controversial periods in the school’s history. Allen recommended the firing of three professors in 1949 for suspected Communist associations, which kindled a rash of similar dismissals at universities and colleges across the country. After leaving the UW, he served briefly as director of the U.S. Psychological Strategy Board before becoming chancellor of the University of California at Los Angeles from 1952 to 1959. He then served as Indonesian director for the U.S. International Cooperation Administration and later with the World Health Organization in Washington, D.C. The Seattle-King County Association of Realtors named Raymond Allen First Citizen of 1949.
File 7305: Full Text >
CAMP: Central Area Motivation Program (Seattle)
Seattle's Central Area Motivation Program (CAMP) is the oldest surviving independent agency originating during the War on Poverty era (in 1964) and was the first community inspired program in the country to receive funding. Its mission has been to reduce the impact of poverty with all of its related problems. Through many programs and services, CAMP still (2009) assists in improving the lot of the poor by providing food and shelter; offering education for at-risk students; employment and training for the unemployed and underemployed; and providing heat for homes during the colder months.
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Clarkston -- Thumbnail History
With a 2010 population of 7,265, Clarkston is the urban center, though not the county seat, of tiny Asotin County in the southeast corner of Washington. At the confluence of the Snake and Clearwater rivers, it is a twin town with Lewiston, Idaho, just across the Snake River. In 1896 the Lewiston-Clarkston Improvement Company, an irrigation and hydro-electric venture, founded and laid out Clarkston, one of the few early examples of urban planning in the Pacific Northwest. Lewiston has always been the older, larger, and more industrial of the two towns, which since 1899 have been linked by a series of bridges over the Snake River. Although rivals in some respects, the two cities see their interests as mutually connected and in fact maintain a joint Chamber of Commerce. The final dams on the Columbia and Snake rivers provided enough slack water to enable commercial shipping to both cities. Clarkston, the easternmost port in Washington, bustles with huge wheat barges, trains, trucks, and river cruise ships.
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Colman Building (Seattle)
The Colman Building in downtown Seattle was built by James M. Colman (1832-1906) in 1889. Sometimes called the Colman Block, it spans the 800 block on the west side of 1st Avenue between Marion and Columbia streets. The history of this building begins with plans before the Great Fire of 1889. Reflecting changes in Seattle from tideland fill, through major renovations in 1904-1906, again in 1929, and historic restoration in the 1980s, it remains a rare example of a Chicago-style business block in Seattle. The Colman family retained ownership of the building through three generations. Tenants in the building have conducted diverse businesses including express services, marine services, brokerages, food purveying, and insuring. Consuls from other countries have had their offices in the building. Professionals, including lawyers, engineers, and architects, have been tenants. Retail storefronts along 1st Avenue housed bankers, grocers, druggists, meat marketers, restaurateurs, clothiers, and the Seattle Hardware Company. The Colman Building today is home to diverse office tenants and street front businesses along each of its four street faces, including the Colman Barbershop founded in 1930, and two Irish pubs: Fado and the Owl 'n' Thistle. A renovated historic pedestrian walkway along Marion Street from 1st Avenue continues across Western Avenue and Alaskan Way to the Colman Ferry Dock. The Colman Building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on March 16, 1972, and received City of Seattle Landmark status on March 27, 1990.
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Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), Seattle Chapter
The Seattle Chapter of the Congress of Racial Equality was a powerful force in the city's civil rights movement during the 1960s, spearheading efforts to bring to public attention the inequalities black people suffered in housing, employment, and education. In 1960, Seattle's black population was mostly confined to housing in the Central Area, not seen as sales clerks in grocery or department stores, and studying in segregated public schools. The organization was successful in opening job opportunities and in calling attention to other forms of discrimination.
File 9879: Full Text >
Durkan, Martin J. Sr. (1923-2005)
Martin J. Durkan was a Seattle-area lawyer, Democratic legislator, and lobbyist. He wielded considerable power during 16 years in the state Senate, where he served as chairman of the Ways and Means Committee for nearly a decade. He made two unsuccessful runs for governor before retiring from the Senate in 1974. He made a final try for higher office when a seat in the U.S. Congress opened in 1977, but again lost in the primary. He still had clout, however. He became one of the state capital's top lobbyists, working on behalf of horse racing, cigarette manufacturers, optometrists, timber, garbage haulers, and other clients. His legacy includes an extraordinary family, with lawyers, lobbyists, and political consultants among the eight children.
File 9674: Full Text >
First African Methodist Episcopal Church (Seattle)
The First African Methodist Episcopal Church, located at 1522 14th Avenue, is the oldest black church in Seattle. Established in 1886 it was designated a Seattle landmark in 1984.
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Geary, Leslie Edward "Ted" (1885-1960)
Leslie Edward "Ted" Geary was a naval architect who grew up in Seattle. He designed and raced numerous competitive sailing vessels, and also designed commuter yachts, fishing boats, tug boats, and wooden hulled freighters.
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Hill, Tim Henry (b. 1936)
Tim Hill's political career in Washington state spanned 27 years, from 1966 to 1993, including two terms as King County executive. He served one term as a state representative for the 44th district, three terms on the Seattle City Council, and also was the Seattle city comptroller from 1979 to 1985. Hill also lost races for Seattle mayor in 1973 and for the U.S. Senate in 1992. He was a liberal-to-moderate Republican, an ardent environmentalist who bicycled to and from work, and his style was low-key. During his years with the City of Seattle, he was an earnest budget watchdog and often aroused the ire of other city politicians. The usually nonpartisan Municipal League in 1984 named Hill the year's outstanding public official for his stewardship of the city's purse strings. As county executive, he was burdened with an overcrowded jail, testy relations with the Seattle Mariners, and growth-management issues. He ran for re-election in 1993, but was defeated by Gary Locke. He and his wife, Margot, have remained active in a range of educational, civic, and political activities.
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Hubbard, Walter Jr. (1924-2007)
Walter Hubbard Jr. was a Seattle-based civil rights and labor union leader, political activist, and national leader in the Roman Catholic Church. He was involved in the promotion of justice and equality in intergroup relations and participated in activities to secure worldwide interracial justice. His vision of a church and world without racism was reflected in his life's work.
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King County Commissioners
King County Commissioners were in charge of King County's affairs from 1853, when the federal Organic Act gave the Territorial legislature the power to create county governments, until 1969, when the county implemented a voter-approved home-rule charter that reorganized its government. (The new charter replaced the three-member County Commission with a nine-member County Council and an elected County Executive.) The commissioners held a good deal of legislative and executive authority: They passed laws; appropriated money and established tax rates; ran county departments and appointed county officials; maintained roads, jails, and other county buildings; and licensed businesses.
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Kohl-Welles, Jeanne Elizabeth Pearl (b. 1942)
Jeanne Kohl-Welles has represented Seattle's 36th District in the Washington State Senate since 1994. Her career in politics began in 1992 when she was appointed to fill a vacancy in the state House of Representatives. She won election to a two-year term in 1993 and went on to serve as House majority whip in the 1994 legislative session. In October of that year, Governor Mike Lowry appointed her to finish the term of long-serving state Senator Ray Moore (1912-2003), who was forced to resign when it was determined that he was a legal resident of Hawaii. Kohl-Welles (then using the single last name "Kohl") won the seat on her own in the 1994 November election and has cruised to victory in every election since. A Democrat, she currently (2011) chairs the wide-ranging and powerful Labor, Commerce, & Consumer Protection Committee and sits on the Ways & Means, Judiciary, and Rules committees. In addition to her work as a legislator, Kohl-Welles is a sociology lecturer, researcher, author, and consultant at the University of Washington and is an international expert and speaker on human trafficking.
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Lowry, Michael Edward "Mike" (b. 1939)
Michael "Mike" Lowry served 21 years in elective offices in Washington state -- 1976 to 1978 in the King County Council; 1979 to 1989 representing the 7th District in Congress, and 1993 to 1997 as governor. A vociferous, table-pounding liberal, he came from a family of New Deal Democrats in the Palouse, and he was respected by friend and foe because they knew where he stood. He was variously described as "mercurial," "frumpy," "earthy," and "irascible" (Anderson). In 1995, a former staff member charged him with sexual harassment and he did not seek re-election as governor. He has since been active in a range of public-sector projects, primarily in migrant housing and the homeless. He also has served in various volunteer capacities, such as co-chair of the King County Charter Review Commission and co-chair of the Washington Wildlife and Recreation Coalition. Lowry and his wife, Mary, reside in Renton.
File 8600: Full Text >
Magnuson, Warren G. (1905-1989)
Warren G. Magnuson ("Maggie" to constituents, Warren to family and friends) represented Washington in the United States Senate longer than anyone else and used his seniority and persuasive skills to enact legislation that profoundly affected many aspects of American life. Adopted at birth, Magnuson grew up in the Midwest and moved to Seattle to attend the University of Washington. After serving in the state legislature, as King County Prosecutor, and in the U.S. House of Representatives, he was elected to the Senate in 1944, serving six terms (36 years) before his 1980 defeat. Magnuson led the way for major increases in federal funding for health care and research. Before Ralph Nader was a national figure, Magnuson initiated the public interest revolution in Congress with ground-breaking consumer protection legislation. His love for the marine environment of his adopted state led to key bills protecting marine mammals, conserving American fisheries, and making Puget Sound off-limits to supertankers. Magnuson and Henry M. "Scoop" Jackson (1912-1983) served together in the Senate from 1952 until 1980, using their legislative skill and seniority to win Washington an unprecedented share of federal funds. Magnuson secured appropriations to build dams and highways that changed the face of the state, launch two World's Fairs, preserve Pike Place Market, replace the West Seattle Bridge, and provide disaster relief after Mt. St. Helens erupted.
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Manning, Harvey (1925-2006): Author, Editor, Agitator, Wilderness Advocate
Harvey Manning was called a lot of things during his long and productive life, but bashful wasn't one of them. For well over 50 years, he was a combative advocate for conservation, harnessing his withering wit, acid pen, and no-holds-barred style to protect wilderness areas, from the deepest recesses of the North Cascades to the fringes of metropolitan suburbs. Manning was a prolific author, and his books combined practical advice on hiking and climbing with exhortations on the need to preserve wilderness. A long association with The Mountaineers Books and with photographer Ira Spring produced the famous 100 Hikes and Footsore series, and Manning's other books, articles, and essays covered everything from delicate wildflowers to epic political battles won and lost. Manning, alone and in collaboration with Spring and others, told generations of outdoors enthusiasts why to hike, where to hike, and how to hike. He believed that wilderness areas could be saved only through the creation of a broad constituency of supporters, people who had experienced the natural wonders of the Northwest and would fight to preserve them. Creating that constituency was his life's work, but near the end of that life he came to question whether his beloved wild places were being loved too much. His growing doubts about the wisdom of facilitating unlimited access to deep wilderness caused a rift between him and some of his longtime collaborators, and by the time of his death he had severed ties with both The Mountaineers Books and Ira Spring. But through it all, Harvey Manning's single-minded dedication to conservation and his willingness to take on anyone who threatened the causes he fought for inspired thousands to join the battle on the side of nature.
File 9385: Full Text >
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Showing 1 - 20 of 38 results
David Thompson of the North West Company surveys Celilo Falls, The Dalles, and Cascades Rapids on the lower Columbia River on July 11-13, 1811.
On July 11, 1811, Canadian explorer David Thompson (1770-1857) reaches Celilo Falls on the Columbia River after a historic voyage downriver from Kettle Falls. Over the next three days, Thompson surveys Celilo Falls, The Dalles, and Cascades Rapids as he continues down the river. In addition to his scientific work as a geographer, Thompson is the fur agent in charge of the Columbia Department of the North West Company of Canada. He is on a mission to determine whether the Columbia is navigable from its upper reaches to the sea and whether it will provide a viable trade route for the fur company. Thompson is traveling in a cedar plank canoe manned by eight French Canadian and Iroquois paddlers.
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Three North West Company men arrive by canoe at mouth of Columbia River on November 15, 1813.
On November 15, 1813, North West Company partners Alexander Henry the Younger (d. 1814), Alexander Stewart (sometimes spelled Stuart) (ca. 1780-1840), and clerk James Keith (1782-1851) arrive at the mouth of Columbia River after a canoe journey across the continent from Fort William, on the shores of Lake Superior. Henry's journals provide an inside look at a "critical point of Anglo-Canadian and American business rivalry" between the North West Company of Montreal and the Pacific Fur Company of New York (Henry, Vol. 1, p.lv).
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1857 Census: King County Population By Name
In 1857, a census of King County residents is taken. The population consists of 152 persons of European American descent including 86 adult males, 23 females age 18 and over, and 43 children of whom 14 were born in King County. This essay lists the 170 persons by name, sex, occupation, and place of birth.
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Mercer Girls reach Seattle on May 16, 1864.
On May 16, 1864, the first Mercer Girls from the East Coast reach Seattle. Seattle resident Asa Mercer (1839-1917) has recruited the group to provide teachers for the young community and in order to alleviate the problem of lack of women in the Puget Sound area.
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Yakima County is established on January 21, 1865.
On January 21, 1865, the Washington Territorial Legislature establishes Yakima County. Yakima County includes most of the land in the former Ferguson County, which was established in 1863 and disestablished in 1865. The county is located more or less in the area of the future Yakima and Kittitas counties combined.
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Volga Germans led by Johann Frederich Rosenoff settle near Ritzville in 1883.
In 1883, a group of some 17 families led by Johann Frederich Rosenoff arrive in Adams County and settle near Ritzville. They are known as Volga Germans because they are German-speaking and German-identified former residents of Russia's Volga River valley. They become the nucleus of the Russian-German population in the area, which by 1930 comprises about one-fourth of Ritzville's residents.
File 7837: Full Text >
Washington Territorial Legislature creates Douglas County on November 28, 1883.
On November 28, 1883, the Washington Territorial Legislature creates Douglas County. It does so by partitioning off a portion of Lincoln County.
File 7948: Full Text >
Washington Territorial Legislature creates Adams County on November 28, 1883.
On November 28, 1883, the Washington Territorial Legislature creates Adams County. It does so by partitioning the large Whitman County into Whitman, Franklin, and Adams counties.
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Douglas County voters decide to move their county seat from Okanogan to Waterville on November 2, 1886.
On November 2, 1886, Douglas County voters agree to move their county seat from the waterless town of Okanogan to the growing small community of Waterville. Within two years Okanogan ceases to exist.
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Most of Ritzville's business district burns to the ground on June 6, 1888.
On June 6, 1888, most of Ritzville's business district burns to the ground. At 4:30 p.m. a fire breaks out in the large American Exchange Hotel due to a defective flue. A southwest wind sweeps the flames into the adjoining buildings north of the hotel, and soon the entire northern portion of the business district is engulfed. The town has only rudimentary firefighting capability and most of the downtown is destroyed.
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Ritzville incorporates as a fourth-class city on July 17, 1890.
On July 17, 1890, Ritzville incorporates as a fourth-class city. The vote to incorporate was held a few days earlier, on July 12, and passed 30 to 7. In the same vote, R. J. Neergaard is elected mayor. The town comprises 440 acres and is the county seat of the recently formed Adams County.
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Adams County produces its first bumper crop of wheat in 1897.
In 1897, Adams County produces its first bumper crop of wheat. For the first time, raising wheat becomes predominate over cattle ranching in the county. The "Big Crop of '97" inspires a major influx of new settlers to immigrate to the county by the turn of the century.
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Photographer Imogen Cunningham opens her first portrait studio in Seattle in September 1910.
In September 1910, the photographer Imogen Cunningham (1883-1976) opens her first portrait studio at 1117 Terry Avenue on Seattle's First Hill. Cunningham, one of the foremost photographers of the twentieth century, grew up in Port Angeles and Seattle. She spent most of her career in San Francisco, but maintained life-long ties to the Puget Sound area.
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Birth of Redmond's 300th resident, Ernest Alexander Adams III, on November 24, 1912, makes possible incorporation of City of Redmond.
On November 24, 1912, Mabel Pearl Parks Adams gives birth to a son, Ernest Alexander Adams III. His arrival raises the population of the town of Redmond to 300 residents, the legal threshold for incorporation. Community leaders convene one day after the birth to organize the new city, which was formally established on December 31, 1912.
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Bandits rob the First National Bank in Sedro-Woolley, killing one bystander and wounding two, on October 17, 1914.
On Saturday evening, October 17, 1914, a gang of armed bandits robs the First National Bank in Sedro-Woolley of $11,649 in gold coins and currency. During a 15-minute barrage, the gang indiscriminately fires more than 100 rounds, after which they quickly withdraw and escape into the darkness without leaving a trace. Three bystanders have been seriously wounded and one, a young boy, will die from peritonitis. Four days later, five men, believed to be the robbers, are spotted in Ferndale, heading north toward the Canadian border. They are intercepted near Hazelmere, B.C., north of Blaine, where two of the men and a Canadian immigration officer are killed in a fierce gun-battle. The remaining three men flee into the woods and backtrack across the border, but are seen again heading south toward Bellingham. Anticipating their escape route, sheriff's posses guard all the bridges across the Nooksack River. Early Saturday morning, October 24, the fugitives are trapped on the Great Northern Railway bridge at Ferndale. Officers shoot and kill two of the fugitives, but one manages to escape on foot. Authorities in Washington and British Columbia arrest and question dozens of suspicious transients, but none are charged with the crimes. Although a $1,000 reward is offered for the capture of the last fugitive, he is never found.
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Liberty Theatre in Northport opens on February 7, 1918.
On February 7, 1918, Melville L. Adams opens the Liberty Theatre in Northport, a small mining town located in Stevens County on the Columbia River in northeastern Washington not far from the Canadian border. The initial feature is Polly of the Circus
(Goldwyn, 1917) starring former D.W. Griffith actress Mae Marsh (1894-1968).
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The Wenatchee Daily World first reports on the proposal to dam the Columbia River at Grand Coulee on July 18, 1918.
On July 18, 1918, an article by Rufus Woods (1878-1950) appears in The Wenatchee Daily World
reporting on a local proposal to dam the Columbia River at Grand Coulee -- an effort to provide power and irrigation throughout the Columbia Basin region. The article is the first public mention of what will become the Columbia Basin Reclamation Project, and marks the beginning of a three-decade odyssey to construct Grand Coulee Dam and irrigation canals throughout the region. The dam -- at the time, the world's largest -- will open in 1941, and the project's first irrigation water will flow into Pasco in 1948.
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Farmer George Schutz is accidentally killed during a rabbit drive in Paha on January 11, 1922.
On January 11, 1922, George Schutz is accidentally killed during a rabbit drive in Paha in central Adams County. Rabbit drives are considered a necessary means of exerting human control over the hordes of jackrabbits that would otherwise decimate wheat, Adams County's only commercial crop.
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Fire severely damages the Union Pacific Dock on Seattle's waterfront on July 17, 1929.
On July 17, 1929, fire breaks out on the Union Pacific Dock on the Seattle waterfront, located at the site of today's (2012) container Terminal 46. The fire damages the Union Pacific dock and endangers the Matson Navigation Company freighter SS Muana Ala
and nearby piers. Two dock workers see wisps of smoke emanating from the bay end of the pier and rush to turn in the alarm. Other dock workers attempt to extinguish the fire, but are unsuccessful. Engine Company No. 14 is dispatched to the scene and arrives within minutes, but the pier and transit shed have burst into flames and rages out of control, casting a pall of black smoke over the city. The blaze soon escalates into a three-alarm fire involving 29 companies of firefighters and two fireboats. While battling the blaze, eight firefighters are injured, two requiring hospitalization. Fortunately, there are no fatalities. It is the most spectacular blaze to hit the Seattle waterfront since the fire that destroyed the Grand Trunk Pacific Dock on July 30, 1914.
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Explosions at the J. A. Denn Powder Company, in Hawk's Prairie near Lacey, kill 10 and injure seven on June 27, 1934.
On Wednesday afternoon, June 27, 1934, 10 people are killed and seven are injured when two explosions demolish the J. A. Denn Powder Company plant on Hawk's Prairie, eight miles east of Olympia. An 11th victim, the company chemist, will die from his injuries the following day. Thurston County authorities investigate the accident, but so little of the plant remains that the official cause will remain a mystery.
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Beginnings of the Columbia Basin Reclamation Project: A Reminiscence by W. Gale Matthews
In early 1952, W. Gale Matthews -- a resident of Grant County since 1890 and, at the time of this account, President of the Grant County Title Abstract Company -- provided his memories of the beginning of the Columbia Basin Reclamation Project. This project to irrigate large parts of the Columbia Basin in Eastern Washington famously gave birth to Grand Coulee Dam, which opened in 1941. Matthews account was transcribed from a speech he gave to the Grant County Historical Society in early 1952, and was edited by Eric L. Flom. Matthews tells of the early ridicule facing this proposal and the war of ideas waged between dam proponents and others advocating a rival irrigation scheme.
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Eli Mapel (or Maple): Pioneer Recollections, 1902
This essay is the complete text of an autobiographical essay by Seattle pioneer Eli Mapel (or Maple) (1831-1911), the son of Jacob Mapel (or Maple) (1798-1884). Eli arrived in Seattle on October 12, 1852, at the age of 20. He relates his experiences of traveling West by wagon, of the Indian wars, and of farming and logging. His recollections were published in a newspaper clipped by Clarence Bagley and found in Bagley's scrapbook.
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Elk Coal: A Forgotten King County Coal Mining Town
Among the forgotten coal mining towns of King County, perhaps none is more forgotten than Elk Coal near the flank of Sugarloaf Mountain. The town, in an area rich with coal mines, was situated one-half mile west of the dimly remembered town of Durham, 1.25 miles south of Kangley, and 1.25 miles north of Palmer-Kanaskat. Within three miles of Elk Coal there were numerous underground coal mining operations, including Durham, Hiawatha, Kangley, Palmer, Bayne, Occidental, Cumberland, Navy, and the larger Ravensdale and Black Diamond mines further west. Robert Pearson, an Irish immigrant and livery stable operator, homesteaded the south 160 acres of Section 34, Township 22 North, Range 7 East, which became the site of the Elk Coal mine and the town of the same name. Pearson, and after his death his daughter Aileen (Estby and later Gregovich), operated a store and gas station on the Kanaskat-Kangley county road, where the alternate spelling, "Elkcoal," advertised the town's existence to travelers. Locals simply called it Elko.This People's History was contributed by William Kombol, Manager of the Palmer Coking Coal Company, in Black Diamond.
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Gordon Clinton, Mayor of Seattle 1956-1964
On March 30, 2004, HistoryLink Executive Director Walt Crowley (1947-2007) interviewed Gordon Clinton (1920-2011), who served as Seattle's mayor from 1956 to 1964. This was during a pivotal period in the region's history: Metro was formed to clean up water pollution; Seattle became one of the first cities to join President Dwight D. Eisenhower's Sister Cities Program; the Space Needle and Monorail were constructed; and the 1962 Century 21 World's Fair took place.
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Holden, Dave: On Race and Music in Seattle, 1956-1966
Dave Holden was born on May 21, 1937, in Seattle. Son of local jazz legend Oscar Holden, Dave got his first paid gig as a jazz musician in the late 1950s. From that time on, Dave's keyboard and vocal talents have taken him around the world. In this HistoryLink interview conducted by Heather MacIntosh in Kent on May 23, 2000, Dave Holden shares his memories of Garfield High School, growing up in the Central Area, and his virtual isolation from the explosive racial tensions of the 1960s.
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Madrona Memories, Part 2 -- Civil Rights and Civil Unrest
This people's history recalls recalls the civil rights movement and civil unrest in Seattle's Madrona neighborhood in the 1960s and 1970s. The main author is Carol Richman, and this segment also includes extensive reflections by Mary Kenny, Reva K. Twersky, and Judge John Darrah.
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By Russ Banham
This history and reflection on SAFECO was written by the well-published author Russ Banham and is presented by SAFECO.
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Report on Accident and Recovery of Miner, John Wolti, who on December 13, 1950, was buried under a cave-in of the gangway in the Elk Mine, operated by the Big Four Coal Company, King County, Washington
This People's History presents the full official investigative report prepared by the state chief coal mine inspector of an incident at the Elk Mine in King County in which miner John A. Wolti was rescued after being trapped by a cave-in for 54 hours. This report on the dramatic 1950 rescue was contributed by Bill Kombol, manager of Palmer Coking Coal Co.
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