Showing 1 - 20 of 42 results
Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition (1909): Woman Suffrage
During the first week of July 1909, suffrage proponents from across the country gathered in Seattle to participate in the 41st Annual Convention of the National American Woman Suffrage Association and to celebrate Woman Suffrage Day at Washington's first world's fair, the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific (A-Y-P) Exposition, currently underway on the University of Washington campus. The Washington Equal Suffrage Association convention, held the day before the National convention, drew suffragists from around the state. The suffragists, their conventions, and their appearances in area clubs and churches received copious coverage in local newspapers and captured the attention of thousands of Washingtonians attending the A-Y-P Exposition. Suffragists used the A-Y-P as a massive public relations opportunity and this exposure was an important component in how Washington women achieved the vote on November 8, 1910.
File 8587: Full Text >
Bainbridge Island (Winslow) -- Thumbnail History
Eagle Harbor lies on the eastern side of Bainbridge Island, which is located in central Puget Sound directly west of Seattle. Until 1990 the community situated on the harbor was named Winslow. In 1990 Winslow voted to annex the entire island and the following year it voted to change its name to Bainbridge Island. The town on the harbor began in the 1870s as a handful of settlers in a community called Madrone. Farming formed the foundation of the town's economy and fueled its growth, with the most notable crop eventually becoming strawberries grown by Japanese American farmers. In 1902 Hall Brothers Shipbuilding moved their operation to Eagle Harbor, and Madrone changed its name to Winslow (after Winslow Hall). The firm became the predominate industry. During the latter half of the twentieth century the easy ferry commute to Seattle spurred residential development, which continues today.
File 8274: Full Text >
Barr, Roberta Byrd (1919-1993)
Roberta Byrd Barr was an African American educator, civil rights leader, actor, librarian, and television personality. She was born in Tacoma and lived for much of her life in Seattle.
File 306: Full Text >
Bartell Drug Company
George Bartell Sr. (1868-1956) opened his first drugstore in 1890 in Seattle, and grew his business from a small fledgling enterprise to a thriving chain of pharmacies that by the 1920s were scattered throughout the city. Bartell Drugs continued to prosper into the 1940s, but subsequent changing times made it necessary for the company to reorganize its operations and resulted in the closing of some of its stores. Rapid growth returned by the late 1970s, and today (2010), the Bartell Drug Company has 57 stores throughout the Puget Sound region. It enjoys the distinction of being the oldest drugstore chain in the United States, and has remained in the Bartell family during its long history.
File 9302: Full Text >
Bartell, George Henry (1868-1956)
George Bartell started his pharmacy career as a teenager while living in Kansas. He relocated to Seattle in the summer of 1887, and in 1890 opened his first drugstore in the city. He took a breather in 1897 to join the Klondike Gold Rush in the Yukon, but after an adventurous year returned to Seattle and his drugstore. Bartell's business grew, and by the 1920s had expanded from a single drugstore to a thriving chain of pharmacies scattered throughout Seattle. By the time of George Bartell's passing in 1956, the Bartell Drug Company had 23 stores operating in the greater Seattle area.
File 9317: Full Text >
Benson, George (1919-2004), Father of the Seattle Waterfront Streetcar
George Benson was a popular Capitol Hill druggist, brass band musician, and five-term member of the Seattle City Council from 1974 to 1994. A native of Minnesota, Benson moved to Seattle in 1938 and ultimately earned a degree in pharmacy at the University of Washington. He served in the United States Navy during World War II and returned to Seattle to run the Mission Street Pharmacy with his wife Evelyn. Best known for spearheading the creation of the Seattle Waterfront Streetcar, Benson was a leader for mass transit, community crime programs, utility improvements, and gun control. He died at the age of 85 on October 25, 2004.
File 7121: Full Text >
Berry, Overton (b. 1936)
Overton Berry, a kindly pianist who has lived in Seattle since 1945, has seen and done it all. From podunk lounge gigs to major jazz festivals, from one-nighters to years-long extended engagements, from taverns to opera houses, from department stores to city parks; and from solo shows to leading trios, quartets, and even bigger ensembles. In the 1950s Berry initially joined Seattle's segregated "Negro Musicians Union," the American Federation of Musicians (AFM) Local 493, but after integration came in 1958 he joined the suddenly inclusive AFM Local 76. Berry nurtured scores of local players (including guitarist Larry Coryell [b. 1943] and jazz vocal diva Diane Schuur [b. 1953]) and jammed with plenty of national jazz heavyweights. The pianist did USO tours (including in Vietnam in 1968), was one of the few Seattle musicians who found employment on the fairgrounds in 1962 during Seattle's Century 21 World's Fair, held down a fabled gig at the Doubletree Inn (1969-1974), played Festival '71 (the precursor to Seattle's Bumbershoot Arts Festival), has been spotlighted on numerous TV shows, and has cut albums that have become treasures to hip-hop DJs and producers. The father of four, Berry once taught reading to deprived Seattle kids and today provides private lessons to students, and operates TOBE Productions. In 2012, the Northwest piano legend was inducted into the Seattle Jazz Hall of Fame.
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Callahan, Margaret Bundy (1904-1961)
Margaret Bundy Callahan was a Seattle writer, journalist, and editor. She reported for The Seattle Star
and The Seattle Times,
and she wrote and helped edit the arts weekly Town Crier
during the 1920s and 1930s. Married to painter Kenneth Callahan (1905-1986) in 1930, for most of her life Margaret Bundy Callahan was at the nucleus of Seattle's creative artistic community. Many Seattle writers, artists, and performers felt the improving influence of Bundy Callahan's keen intelligence, encouragement, and strong opinions. Artist William Cumming (1917-2010) called Margaret Bundy Callahan his sensei (teacher). To artist Mark Tobey (1890-1976), she was the Mother of the Northwest School.
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Civil War and Washington Territory
The Civil War started with the Confederate shelling of Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina, on April 12, 1861. Washington Territory was just under eight years old and more than a quarter century away from statehood. The most populous town in the territory was Walla Walla, with just 722 people, including 17 Indians and one African American. The population of the entire territory, which until 1863 included all of present-day Idaho and part of Western Montana, was just over 11,500. (This count excluded most Indians.) The nation's far Northwest was a continent away from the blood-drenched battlefields of the War Between the States, slave-free (with only one or two known exceptions), and populated by men and women intent on making new lives in a new land. An indeterminate number of the territory's men went east to voluntarily enlist, most on the Union side, although the siren song of states' rights supremacy drew some to fight for the Confederacy. Others volunteered or were conscripted for the newly mustered First Washington Volunteer Infantry, which never saw battle. Many in the territory were ambivalent on the issue of slavery, but strongly in favor of preserving the union. Although not one shot was fired in anger in Washington Territory due to the war, nor any property destroyed, the people of the Northwest, in common with the rest of the nation, were deeply affected by the outcome of this most lethal of American conflicts.
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Colman, Kenneth Burwell (1896-1982)
Kenneth Burwell Colman was a third-generation member of an influential pioneer family in Seattle and an important contributor to the community. Colman worked quietly and steadily throughout his life to facilitate civic improvements, especially for boys and girls of the region. Kenneth Colman and his sister Isabel Colman Pierce donated Camp Orkila on Orcas Island to the YMCA, Colman Pool in West Seattle to the city of Seattle, and the Seabeck Christian Conference Center, the oldest continually operating conference and retreat center in the Pacific Northwest, to serve charitable and non-profit organizations exclusively. For his extensive and unique contributions to the fabric of life in Seattle, the Seattle-King County Association of Realtors named Kenneth Colman First Citizen of 1941.
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Davenport -- Thumbnail History
Davenport is the seat of Lincoln County, an agricultural county in northeast Washington's Big Bend region, where dry land wheat farming and cattle ranching are the predominant industries. As of 2009, Davenport had 1,684 residents, making it Lincoln County's largest town. Davenport's elevation is 2,390 feet above sea level, with an annual precipitation of 10 inches. Surrounded by rolling wheat fields, supported by a dedicated community infrastructure, Davenport serves as an important business, medical, and educational center for residents in this productive agricultural region.
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Durkin, James (1859-1934)
James "Jimmie" Durkin gained notoriety in the Inland Empire of Eastern Washington as Spokane's legendary liquor tycoon. Wild tales abound regarding his outlandish exploits and stunts, but beyond becoming one of the town's most successful businessmen and an early millionaire, Durkin earned a well-deserved reputation as a thinking man. Indeed, locals and area newspapers routinely referred to the one-time gubernatorial candidate as no less than "Spokane's Main Avenue philosopher."
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Ellis, John W. (b. 1928)
John Ellis, former head of Bellevue-based Puget Sound Power and Light (now Puget Sound Energy), is best known for leading the effort to keep the Mariners in Seattle and build the team a new baseball stadium. He also played pivotal roles in converting the Bellevue Boys Club to a Boys and Girls Club, a precedent later adopted nationwide; establishing the Seattle-King County Economic Development Council, and creating a city park in downtown Bellevue. Known as a soft touch when it comes to serving on boards, commissions, and councils, Ellis at one time was involved with 16 separate organizations, none of which had anything to do with his primary job as the chief executive of a private power company. The Seattle-King County Association of Realtors named John Ellis as its First Citizen of 1987.
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Fort Steilacoom (1849-1868)
Fort Steilacoom, located in south Puget Sound near Lake Steilacoom, was established by the United States Army in 1849. Protection of settlers in the area had become an issue. As well, the United States was anxious to plant the flag on land claimed by Britain. (Britain had ceded the territory south of the 49th parallel in 1846, but claimed this land as a commercial enterprise. Fort Steilacoom was established in what was then Oregon Territory. Congress would create Washington Territory in 1853.) In August 1849 the U.S. Army moved onto the Joseph Heath farm to establish the fort, leasing the land from the British Hudson’s Bay Company. The fort served as a headquarters in the 1855-1856 Indian Wars, but there were no hostile actions here. A major event was the incarceration of Nisqually Chief Leschi (1808-1858) in the fort guardhouse. The post commander and other officers protested his trial and murder conviction, arguing that he was probably not guilty, as a state of war had existed. Fort Steilacoom was closed in 1868 and became the site of the Western State Hospital, a psychiatric facility. Today (2012) the Fort Steilacoom Museum is also located on the site.
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Freeman, Frederick Kemper, Jr. (b. 1941)
A fourth-generation Washington businessman and leading Eastside real-estate baron, Kemper Freeman Jr. directed redevelopment of his father's Bellevue Square into a first-class urban mall with 200 stores and anchors including Nordstrom and The Bon Marche' (now Macy's). He went on to develop several of Bellevue's premier commercial spaces and taller buildings, at Bellevue Place in the late 1980s and Lincoln Square in the 2000s. The outspoken Freeman is renowned for his support of "roads over transit," opposing transit projects like the Regional Transit Authority's 1995, $6.7 billion plan for light rail, commuter rail, and regional bus service. He helped defeat that plan, but was unable to stop a slimmed-down plan costing $3.9 billion that passed in 1996. Ironically, the 1995 plan would have served Bellevue, while the 1996 plan does not. Freeman remains unapologetic, arguing that roads need more funding and that transit plans cost too much and serve too few travelers.
File 8000: Full Text >
Gogerty, Patrick (b. 1929)
Patrick Gogerty became director of Seattle Day Nursery in 1973 and transformed the program, originally founded in 1909 as a daycare center, into a model program for abused children. The program was renamed Childhaven in 1985 and is recognized as one of the leading and most forward-thinking child abuse programs in the nation. The keys to Childhaven's effectiveness include early intervention with infants, keeping the child in the home, providing hot meals and therapy during the day, and counseling parents at the same time. Pat Gogerty himself came from an abusive home, where his father Roy, an alcoholic, beat his mother and the five Gogerty brothers. Pat, the eldest, was put in foster care several times. From this early experience, Gogerty went on to work with disturbed children in a number of settings. His concerns about the shortcomings of state support for such care paved the way for him and his brother Bob (1940-2014) to become involved in politics, with Pat becoming a skilled pollster and Bob an influential consultant. Using his political connections, Pat Gogerty was able to obtain support for his fledgling program -- often despite the powers that dominated the field -- and make it grow into a national model.
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Grand Army of the Republic Cemetery -- Seattle
The Grand Army of the Republic (G.A.R.) was a fraternal organization of Union Army veterans formed after the Civil War (1861-1865) for the "defense of the late soldiery of the United States, morally, socially, and politically." By 1890, membership numbered 400,000, including a chapter in Seattle. In Seattle the land for the cemetery -- 2.3 acres at the corner of 12th Avenue E and E Howe Street, just north of the present Lake View Cemetery -- was donated in 1895 by Huldah and David Kaufman, who came to Seattle in 1869 and were among the first Jewish families in Seattle. Approximately 219 Union veterans and their wives are interred there.
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Huskies (University of Washington) Football, 1889-2010
In a Seattle region that has transformed radically since 1889, the University of Washington's football team has been one of the few constants. Washington has appeared in 14 Rose Bowls, which is second only to USC (University of Southern California) and Michigan. It has been represented by legendary coaches such as Gil Dobie (1879-1948), Jim Phelan (1893-1974), Jim Owens (1927-2009), and Don James (1932-2013)), as well as All-Americans such as George Wilson, Hugh McElhenny (b. 1928), Warren Moon (b. 1956), Steve Emtman (b. 1970), and Marques Tuiasosopo (b. 1979). The team has also endured its share of controversial firings and scandals. Most notable have been the Pac-10 sanctions of 1993 that led to Don James's resignation, and The Seattle Times series in 2008 detailing the turmoil surrounding the 2000 UW team that won the Rose Bowl.
File 8521: Full Text >
Johnson, Albert (1869-1957)
Albert Johnson rose from his position as editor of the Daily Washingtonian
, based in Hoquiam, Washington, to become one of the most powerful congressional leaders in the United States. In 1913 he was elected to the House of Representatives as a Republican and served in nine succeeding congresses (March 4, 1913-March 3, 1933) until his defeat in the 1932 election when Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Democrats were swept into power. Johnson's congressional career spanned 20 years, climaxing in 1924 with the passage of the Johnson-Reed Act, which applied a stringent quota system to American immigration policies, and is widely regarded as the most important piece of immigration legislation in United States history.
File 8721: Full Text >
Lassen, Leo H. (1899-1975)
Leo Lassen was a sportswriter and publicist who became a living legend as a baseball radio broadcaster in his hometown of Seattle. He covered the city's Pacific Coast League teams from 1931 to 1960. His glory years coincided with those of the Seattle Rainiers when they played at Sicks' Seattle Stadium. Baseball was the biggest game in town, and Lassen was its voice. His distinctive rapid-fire delivery, packed with detail and baseball knowledge, was known throughout the city. His broadcasting career ended with a salary dispute and he withdrew into private life, never returning to the ballpark where he had earned fame. A lifelong bachelor, he spent his retirement caring for his mother and tending his roses at his Wallingford home. He died without any surviving family members but with legions of fans who remembered him with appreciation and affection.
File 9760: Full Text >
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Democrats in Territorial Legislature erase Skamania County on January 19, 1865.
On January 19, 1865, Democrats in the Territorial Legislature vote to eliminate Skamania County and to split its territory between Klickitat County and Clarke County (as it was spelled at the time). This places the economically important portage around the Cascades of the Columbia in Clarke County, which will reap the tax revenues. Two years later, the legislature will reverse itself after the Republican U.S. Congress disapproves the act.
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Oregon Improvement Company completes purchase of Seattle & Walla Walla Railroad Company and Seattle Coal & Transportation Company on November 26, 1880.
On November 26, 1880, the newly formed Oregon Improvement Company (OIC) completes the purchase of the Seattle & Walla Railroad & Transportation Company and the Seattle Coal & Transportation Company. The purchase of the railroad gives the OIC direct rail access from Seattle's waterfront to the coal mines at Newcastle in southeast King County, which are included in the Seattle Coal purchase. Founded by Henry Villard (1835-1900), the Oregon Improvement Company is one component of an ambitious, multipronged attempt to dominate the economic development of the Pacific Northwest. Part of that effort will include construction of two imposing piers and appurtenant facilities on Seattle's waterfront. The ships that dock there will contribute to the creation of Ballast Island, among the last homes in that era for Native Americans in the city. Both OIC docks will be destroyed in the Great Fire of 1889, but will be rebuilt and go on to serve the company for many more years.
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Washington Territorial Legislature creates Lincoln County on November 1, 1883.
On November 1, 1883, the Washington Territorial Legislature creates Lincoln County. It does so by partitioning the very large Spokane County into Spokane and Lincoln counties. The new Lincoln County contains the future Douglas and Grant counties. The Legislature will separate out Douglas County (which contains the future Grant County) four days later.
File 7858: Full Text >
Washington Territorial Legislature creates Douglas County on November 28, 1883.
On November 28, 1883, the Washington Territorial Legislature creates Douglas County. It does so by partitioning off a portion of Lincoln County.
File 7948: Full Text >
Davenport incorporates as a town of the fourth class on May 24, 1890.
On May 24, 1890, Davenport votes to incorporate as a town of the fourth class. It is the Lincoln County community's second try at incorporating, its first incorporation having been nullified after only a few months.
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Mount Vernon voters approve city incorporation on June 27, 1890.
On June 27, 1890, by a vote of 87-25, voters approve the incorporation of Mount Vernon as a fourth-class city. The path has not been easy, and two attempts the previous year are rejected by a Territorial judge.This forces the townspeople to wait until Washington achieves statehood in November 1889, after which their efforts are successful.
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Lincoln County voters choose Davenport over Sprague as county seat on November 3, 1896.
On November 3, 1896, Davenport emerges as the winner in the protracted battle over which town will be county seat of Lincoln County. It is the third time in a dozen years that Lincoln County residents have voted on the question. Davenport residents, nearly delirious with excitement, celebrate with bonfires and a brass band.
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Contract for construction of Cedar River Pipeline Number One awarded on April 19, 1899.
On April 19, 1899, the City of Seattle lets a contract for Cedar River Pipeline Number One. The contract, prepared by City Engineer R. H. Thomson (1856-1949), calls for a complete water system running from Cedar River to reservoirs in Seattle. The total bid for the contract is $1,203,912.03.
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Seattle residents receive Cedar River water for the first time on January 10, 1901.
On January 10, 1901, water from Seattle's new Cedar River water-supply system reaches city residents for the first time. The completion of the Cedar River pipeline is the culmination of more than a decade of work to create a publicly owned city water system and then to finance and build a gravity supply system to bring water from the foothills of the Cascade mountains in southwest King County, rather than continuing to pump it from the increasingly polluted lakes surrounding Seattle. But the water actually arrives weeks ahead of schedule -- work is still underway when the pump station on Lake Washington that has been supplying Seattle breaks down, and water from the Cedar River pipeline is turned into the reservoirs and used until the pump is repaired. The Cedar River system will be formally placed into use more than a month later on February 21.
File 10945: Full Text >
Broadway High School, Seattle's first dedicated high school, opens in 1902.
In 1902, Broadway High School opens (as Seattle High School) on Capitol Hill on the corner of Broadway and E Pine Street. It is Seattle's first building specifically constructed as a high school. The architects are William E. Boone and J. M. Corner. The building is controversial for its large size and location (then remote from downtown) but within a year is filled to capacity. The 1903 class has 103 graduates, the largest graduating class in the history of Seattle. Today a remnant of the building is incorporated into Seattle Central Community College's Broadway Performance Hall.
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Ballard is authorized to receive Seattle water on May 27, 1902.
On May 27, 1902, the City of Ballard signs a contract with the City of Seattle, permitting Ballard to connect an eight-inch water main with the Lincoln Park reservoir supply. The price agreed upon is $60 per million gallons, water to be delivered only in excess of Seattle needs.
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Harry Tracy dies by his own hand following a bloody gun battle in Lincoln County on August 6, 1902.
On August 6, 1902, Harry Tracy (1877-1902) takes his own life, rather than surrender to authorities, after being wounded in a gun battle in a Lincoln County wheat field. Beginning with his escape from the Oregon State Penitentiary on June 9, 1902, Tracy killed seven men throughout the Northwest, and in the process became known as one of the last desperados of the Old West.
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Chief Joseph watches a University of Washington football game and gives a speech in Seattle on November 20, 1903.
On November 20, 1903, Chief Joseph (1840-1904) and his nephew Red Thunder watch a University of Washington football game in Seattle. Later that evening Joseph speaks to a crowd of people at the Seattle Theatre, located downtown at the corner of 3rd Avenue and Cherry Street.
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City of Seattle awards contract for construction of Cedar River Pipeline Number Two on August 15, 1908.
On August 15, 1908, the City of Seattle lets a contract for Cedar River Pipeline Number Two. The contract, prepared by City Engineer R.H. Thomson (1856-1949), calls for the construction of another pipeline from Cedar River to Seattle. Since the construction of Pipeline Number One in 1899, Seattle has grown from a population of 80,600 to one of 237,194, creating the need for more water. The total bid for the contract is $2,565,768.38.
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Suffrage leaders from around the country arrive in Seattle by special train on June 29, 1909.
At 11:30 p.m. on June 29, 1909, the Northern Pacific Railroad train dubbed the "Suffrage Special" arrives at King Street Station in Seattle. The train carries more than 250 leaders of the American Woman Suffrage movement. The suffragists are in Seattle to hold the 41st annual convention of the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA). Also aboard the Suffrage Special are leading Washington suffragists, including Washington Equal Suffrage Association president Emma Smith Devoe (1848-1927) and vice-president May Arkwright Hutton (1860-1915). The convention will take place during Washington's first world's fair, the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition. The confluence of the widely publicized convention and the world's fair will help win supporters for women's right to vote.
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Prominent Seattle women participate in a reception for noted suffragists at Seattle's Hotel Lincoln on June 30, 1909.
On the evening of June 30, 1909, prominent Seattle women lend their support to the suffrage cause at a reception hosted by the Washington Equal Suffrage Association in honor of the visiting delegates, officers, and friends of the National Suffrage Association. Both suffrage groups are in Seattle to hold conventions and raise public awareness of the suffrage cause. The Alaska-Yukon-Pacific (A-Y-P) Exposition underway at the University of Washington campus continues to attract large crowds and suffragists hope to capitalize on the male voters among these fairgoers and secure votes needed to ratify Amendment 6 to the state constitution. If ratified, Amendment 6, submitted to the electorate by the state Legislative Assembly in January 1909 for a vote on November 10, 1910, will grant Washington women the right to vote.
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Woman Suffrage leaders speak from Seattle pulpits and The Reverend Dr. Anna Howard Shaw speaks at the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition on Sunday, July 4, 1909.
On Sunday, July 4, 1909, prominent national leaders of the woman suffrage movement speak from the pulpits of local churches, and National American Woman Suffrage Association president, The Reverend Dr. Anna Howard Shaw (1847-1919) speaks in the Auditorium at the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific (A-Y-P) Exposition in Seattle. The national suffragists are in Washington for the July 1-July 6, 1909 National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) Convention currently underway at Plymouth Congregational Church in downtown Seattle. The confluence of the widely publicized convention and the A-Y-P Exposition, Washington's first world's fair, will help win supporters for women's right to vote.
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Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition in Seattle Celebrates Dixie Day on August 24, 1909.
On August 24, 1909, Dixie Day is celebrated at the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition on the grounds of the University of Washington in Seattle. The exposition took place between June 1 and October 16, 1909, drawing more than three million people. Visitors came from around the state, the nation, and the world to view hundreds of educational exhibits, stroll the lushly manicured grounds, and be entertained on the Pay Streak midway, while Seattle promoted itself as a gateway to the rich resources of Alaska, the Yukon, and Asia. With the exception of Sundays, each day of the A-Y-P Exposition was designated as a Special Day for one or more groups. Special Days drew people involved in the featured organizations, and the resulting programs, lectures, ceremonies, parades, and athletic competitions gave local people a reason to visit again and again. Dixie Day festivities draw Southerners living throughout the Pacific Northwest, as well as many who still live below the Mason-Dixon line. Florida Governor Albert W. Gilchrist is Orator of the Day.
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Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition in Seattle celebrates Smith Day on September 2, 1909.
On September 2, 1909, Smith Day is celebrated at the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition in Seattle for all Smiths who attend the fair that day. More than 3,000 men, women, and children with the surname Smith -- or derivations such as Smythe, Schmitz, or Schmidt -- are given special recognition. A parade and a special assembly are held in their honor. The A-Y-P Exposition took place on the University of Washington campus in Seattle between June 1 and October 16, 1909, drawing more than three million people. Visitors came from around the state, the nation, and the world to view hundreds of educational exhibits, stroll the lushly manicured grounds, and be entertained on the Pay Streak midway, while Seattle promoted itself as a gateway to the rich resources of Alaska, the Yukon, and Asia. Each day of the A-Y-P was designated as a Special Day for one or more groups. Special Days drew people involved in the featured organizations, and the resulting programs, lectures, ceremonies, parades, and athletic competitions gave local people a reason to visit again and again.
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Aviator Fred J. Wiseman makes the first powered flight in Snohomish County in Snohomish on May 7, 1911.
On Sunday, May 7, 1911, Fred J. Wiseman (1876-1961) makes the first powered flight in Snohomish County, near the town of Snohomish. Due to severe wet weather the preceding day, Wiseman's craft, a Curtiss-Wright-Farman biplane, is able to achieve only about 60 feet altitude before the its pilot makes a rough landing at the nearby Bateman farm. The entire flight lasts for less than a minute in duration.
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A Letter Written by Annie Hall from a 1900 Railroad Trip from Spokane to Athena, Oregon
This people's history, contributed by Richard Hall, consists of an eight-page letter written by his great grandmother, Annie Hall (1869-1921) in late November 1900. She boarded a Spokane-bound Northern Pacific train in Edwall, Lincoln County, and recorded her trip in a letter addressed to "My Dear Joe and Children." Joe is Joseph Banyon Hall (1857-1947), her husband. In Spokane, Annie changed to a Union Pacific train that took her to Athena, Oregon. The writing commenced at Tekoa and the letter was mailed, on December 2, 1900, several days after her arrival in Athena. Following the letter is a brief history of the Hall family by Richard Hall.
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Morey Skaret: Lifeguarding at Lincoln Park in the 1930s
Morest L. (Morey) Skaret (b. 1913), a longtime resident of West Seattle, worked for several summers in the early 1930s as a lifeguard at the original swimming pool at Lincoln Park, earning 30 cents an hour. The pool was built in 1925 at Point Williams, where there was a natural lagoon. It was part of a package of city-financed improvements prompted by a Knights Templar convention in the park that summer. A creosoted wood sluice gate allowed the dirt-sided pool to be filled with salt water at high tide and drained at low tide. The pool was replaced in 1941 by a heated concrete pool and brick bathhouse named after Fauntleroy-area philanthropist Laurence J. Colman. In this article, published in the Summer 2000 edition of the Fauntleroy Community Association's quarterly newsletter, Neighbors
, Skaret explains how the first pool was built and operated.
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Nordic Heritage Museum Vanishing Generation Interview with Johann Johnson
Ted Beck interviewed Johann Johnson (b. 1915) on June 22, 2000 for the Nordic Heritage Museum Vanishing Generation Oral History Project. Johann, of Icelandic heritage, describes the various jobs he's held in the Ballard maritime industry and the changes he's seen in Ballard since the 1920s -- how the sawmills once darkened the day with their sawdust and smoke, and how the neighborhood boys would build underground hovels and tree camps in the many vacant lots that no longer exist.
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Phyllis Lamphere Oral History, Part 1: Growing Up, Getting Involved, Creating Change
Phyllis Lamphere (b. 1922), a native Seattleite, has been deeply involved in the city's civic life for more than 50 years. She served on the city council from 1967 to 1978, where she was instrumental in pushing through multiple reforms and worked on many of the most contentious issues of a contentious era. After an unsuccessful run for mayor in 1977, Lamphere went on to work for the federal government, and she later formed her own public-affairs consulting firm. Among many other achievements, she was a driving force behind the creation of the Washington State Convention & Trade Center and served on its board for more than 20 years. In July and August 2013, Lamphere was interviewed at her apartment in Seattle's Horizon House by HistoryLink.org intern Callan Carow. In these People's Histories, organized by topic, Lamphere recounts some of the important events of her career in politics and public service and provides an inside look at the workings of government and the life of an extraordinary woman. . This first segment of the oral history covers her early years, her first involvement in civic affairs, her 1967 election to the Seattle City Council and the fundamental reforms that came during her tenure, and her efforts to address complex problems through cooperation among local governments.
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Seattle Public Schools, 1862-2000: Lincoln High School
This People's History of Lincoln High School is taken from Building for Learning: Seattle Public School Histories, 1862-2000
by Nile Thompson and Carolyn J. Marr. That book, published in 2002 by Seattle Public Schools, compiled profiles of all the public school buildings that had been used by the school district since its formation around 1862. The profiles from the book are being made available as People's Histories on HistoryLink.org courtesy of Seattle Public Schools. It should be noted that these essays are from 2000. Some of the buildings profiled are historic, some of recent vintage, and many no longer exist (new names and buildings not included in these profiles from 2000 have been added), but each plays or has played an important role in the education of Seattle's youth.
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Slam Poetry: A Brief History from Chicago to Seattle
Slam poetry is a form of competitive performance poetry in which participants offer works no longer than three minutes and are judged by randomly picked audience members. The winners then progress to higher rounds with new pieces, and the poet with the highest score in the finals wins a cash prize. The format was pioneered in Chicago in the mid-1980s, and first appeared in Seattle in 1992. In honor of Seattle's first hosting of a national slam competition from July 31 to August 5, 2001, poet and HistoryLink assistant editor Alyssa Burrows reviews the history of a format which has re-energized the poetry scene and made poetry -- for a broader and younger audience -- actually interesting.
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