Fred Hutchinson James Delmage Ross Dixy Lee Ray George W. Bush Hazel Wolf Henry M Jackson Warren G. Magnuson Home
Search Encyclopedia
Facebook
Advanced Search
Featured Eassy Sponsor of the Week Book Store Donate Now
Home About Us Contact Us Education Bookstore Tourism Advanced Search
6852 HistoryLink.org essays now available      
Donate Subscribe

Shortcuts

Libraries
Cyberpedias Cyberpedias
Timeline Essays Timeline Essays
People's Histories People's Histories

Selected Collections
Cities & Towns Cities & Towns
County Thumbnails Counties
Biographies Biographies
Interactive Cybertours Interactive Cybertours
Slide Shows Slideshows
Public Ports Public Ports
Audio & Video Audio & Video

Research Shortcuts

Map Searches
Alphabetical Search
Timeline Date Search
Topic Search

Features

Book of the Fortnight
Audio/Video Enhanced
History Bookshelf
Klondike Gold Rush Database
Duvall Newspaper Index
Wellington Scrapbook

More History

Washington FAQs
Washington Milestones
Honor Rolls
Columbia Basin
Everett
Olympia
Seattle
Spokane
Tacoma
Walla Walla
Roads & Rails

Timeline Library

< Browse to Previous Essay | Browse to Next Essay >

World War I memorial is moved to Seattle's Evergreen-Washelli Cemetery on November 11, 1998.

HistoryLink.org Essay 3294 : Printer-Friendly Format

On November 11, 1998, on the 80th anniversary of the end of World War I, the sculpture Doughboy, created by Alonzo Victor Lewis (1886-1946), is re-dedicated at Veterans Memorial Cemetery at Evergreen-Washelli, honoring the American infantrymen of the Great War. The north Seattle cemetery straddles Aurora Avenue N beginning just beyond N 109th Street.

Originally, Doughboy stood in front of the Civic Auditorium facing 3rd Avenue N, at today's (2004) Seattle Center. When the auditorium was renovated to become the Seattle Opera House for the 1962 Seattle World's Fair, the statue was moved to a site behind the Opera House back wall, in front of the old Veterans Hall.

Agreements and Disagreements

The 14-foot, 3,500 pound bronze sculpture was always controversial. Seattle sculptor Alonzo Victor Lewis, well known in 1920, was commissioned in 1921 to produce a temporary, plaster figure to commemorate the Seattle reunion of the 91st Division. Also known as Bringing Home the Bacon, Bringing Home Victory, and Armistice, Lewis eventually, in 1928, sold the completed sculpture to the City of Seattle as a World War I memorial.

Lewis and the city council agreed he should be paid $50,000, but that $45,000 should come from public subscription. The subscription was never filled, partly because of the onset of economic hard times, and partly because of complaints about the work of art, itself. Almost immediately navy veterans lodged complaints that Doughboy was an army man. Others complained he carried booty in the form of two German helmets taken from the war dead, which might serve to keep hatreds alive. And the grin on his face -- it was an expression of a crazed warrior without vestige of the heroic demeanor of an American soldier.

Lewis unsuccessfully sued for damages when he perceived the city was stalling on its share. In 1932, he settled for $9,000, after collecting $4,000 in public funds from a citizenry in the process of tightening its belt.

Editing the Sculpture

When first unveiled in May 1932, the scurrilous helmets were still slung over Doughboy's neck, to the dismay of city councilman James A. Scavotto, who would have taken off the helmets before the unveiling "if he had to cut them off himself" (The Seattle Times). However, when the dedication took place on Armistice Day, six months later, the helmets had vanished. No one stepped forward to accept either praise or responsibility.

The statue suffered another humiliation in 1970, when Doughboy's bayonet was removed from his rifle, reducing the figure's overall height by 16 inches.

Today the sculpture rests in a welcome and appropriate environment, a gift from the City of Seattle. Overlooking a symmetrical field of simple, marble grave markers, the base it rests on is a columbarium for the cremated remains of veterans and their families.

Sources:
The Seattle Times, May 31, 1932; Seattle Post-Intelligencer, May 31, 1932; Ibid., November 9, 1946; "History of the Doughboy," undated typescript, Evergreen-Washelli Cemetery office, Seattle, Washington.
Note: This file was corrected on May 14, 2003.


Travel through time (chronological order):
< Browse to Previous Essay | Browse to Next Essay >

Related Topics: Seattle Neighborhoods | Visual Arts | War & Peace |

Licensing: This essay is licensed under a Creative Commons license that encourages reproduction with attribution. Credit should be given to both HistoryLink.org and to the author, and sources must be included with any reproduction. Click the icon for more info. Please note that this Creative Commons license applies to text only, and not to images. For more information regarding individual photos or images, please contact the source noted in the image credit.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License


Major Support for HistoryLink.org Provided By: The State of Washington | Patsy Bullitt Collins | Paul G. Allen Family Foundation | Museum Of History & Industry | 4Culture (King County Lodging Tax Revenue) | City of Seattle | City of Bellevue | City of Tacoma | King County | The Peach Foundation | Microsoft Corporation, Other Public and Private Sponsors and Visitors Like You


This essay made possible by:
The SCHOONER Project:
The Hon. Jan Drago
Seattle City Council
Seattle Department of Neighborhoods


Doughboy (Alonzo Victor Lewis, 1928) in Evergreen-Washelli Cemetery, Seattle, 2003
HistoryLink.org Photo by Kit Oldham


Alonzo Victor Lewis (1888-1946), sculptor and painter, Seattle, ca. 1927
Courtesy MOHAI (Image No. SHS15642)


 
Home About Us Contact Us Education Bookstore Tourism Advanced Search

HistoryLink.org is the first online encyclopedia of local and state history created expressly for the Internet. (SM)
HistoryLink.org is a free public and educational resource produced by History Ink, a 501 (c) (3) tax-exempt corporation.
Contact us by phone at 206.447.8140, by mail at Historylink, 1411 4th Ave. Suite 803, Seattle WA 98101 or email admin@historylink.org