Chief Seattle Thelma Dewitty Thomas Foley Carrie Chapman Catt Anna Louise Strong Mark Tobey Helene Madison Home
Search Encyclopedia
Advanced Search
Featured Essay
Home About Us Contact Us Education Bookstore Tourism Advanced Search
7100 essays now available      
Donation system not supported by Safari     Donate Subscribe


Cyberpedias Cyberpedias
Timeline Essays Timeline Essays
People's Histories People's Histories

Selected Collections
Cities & Towns Cities & Towns
County Thumbnails Counties
Biographies Biographies
Interactive Cybertours Interactive Cybertours
Slide Shows Slideshows
Public Ports Public Ports
Audio & Video Audio & Video

Research Shortcuts

Map Searches
Alphabetical Search
Timeline Date Search
Topic Search


Book of the Fortnight
Audio/Video Enhanced
History Bookshelf
Klondike Gold Rush Database
Duvall Newspaper Index
Wellington Scrapbook

More History

Washington FAQs
Washington Milestones
Honor Rolls
Columbia Basin
Walla Walla
Roads & Rails

Timeline Library

< Browse to Previous Essay | Browse to Next Essay >

Theodore Roosevelt and Republicans carry Washington state on November 8, 1904. Essay 2770 : Printer-Friendly Format

On November 8, 1904, Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919) wins the presidency and Republicans win state offices in Washington. Republican Albert E. Mead (1861-1913), nominated through the influence of railroad interests, beats Democrat George Turner for the governor's office.

A Square Deal

Roosevelt represented his first term (he succeeded to the presidency in 1901 upon the death of William McKinley [1841-1901]) as a "Square Deal" between labor and capital when he intervened in labor disputes and to regulate trusts and corporation. He ran against "Gold Democrat" Alton B. Parker (1852-1926) who favored a return to a strick gold standard as monetary policy. Parker's platform differed little from that of Roosevelt, however, and he tallied only 38 percent of the national popular vote.

Democracy according to James J. Hill

The incumbent governor in Washington was Henry G. McBride (1856-1937) who succeeded John Rogers (1938-1901) upon Rogers' death in 1901. McBride supported the establishment of a commission to set railroad rates. During the Republican nominating convention in Spokane, Great Northern Railway president James J. Hill (1838-1916) ordered party leaders to block McBride's nomination. Hill's efforts resulted in the nomination of Albert Mead.

Such blatant tactics influenced the next legislature to establish the railroad commission.

Edgar I. Stewart, Washington: Northwest Frontier, (New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Co., 1957), 202; Dorothy O. Johansen, Empire of the Columbia: A History of the Pacific Northwest, (New York: Harper & Row, 1967), 465; "Parker, Alton B(rooks)," Britannica CD Deluxe Edition; "Roosevelt, Theodore," Britannica CD Deluxe Edition.

Travel through time (chronological order):
< Browse to Previous Essay | Browse to Next Essay >

Related Topics: Government & Politics |

Licensing: This essay is licensed under a Creative Commons license that encourages reproduction with attribution. Credit should be given to both and to the author, and sources must be included with any reproduction. Click the icon for more info. Please note that this Creative Commons license applies to text only, and not to images. For more information regarding individual photos or images, please contact the source noted in the image credit.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License

Major Support for Provided By: The State of Washington | Patsy Bullitt Collins | Paul G. Allen Family Foundation | Museum Of History & Industry | 4Culture (King County Lodging Tax Revenue) | City of Seattle | City of Bellevue | City of Tacoma | King County | The Peach Foundation | Microsoft Corporation, Other Public and Private Sponsors and Visitors Like You

President Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919), 1902
Courtesy Library of Congress

Albert E. Mead (1863-1913), 1910
Courtesy Washington State Archives

Home About Us Contact Us Education Bookstore Tourism Advanced Search is the first online encyclopedia of local and state history created expressly for the Internet. (SM) is a free public and educational resource produced by History Ink, a 501 (c) (3) tax-exempt corporation.
Contact us by phone at 206.447.8140, by mail at Historylink, 1411 4th Ave. Suite 803, Seattle WA 98101 or email