Chief Seattle Thelma Dewitty Thomas Foley Carrie Chapman Catt Anna Louise Strong Mark Tobey Helene Madison Home
Search Encyclopedia
Advanced Search
Featured Essay
Home About Us Contact Us Education Bookstore Tourism Advanced Search
7099 essays now available      
Donation system not supported by Safari     Donate Subscribe


Cyberpedias Cyberpedias
Timeline Essays Timeline Essays
People's Histories People's Histories

Selected Collections
Cities & Towns Cities & Towns
County Thumbnails Counties
Biographies Biographies
Interactive Cybertours Interactive Cybertours
Slide Shows Slideshows
Public Ports Public Ports
Audio & Video Audio & Video

Research Shortcuts

Map Searches
Alphabetical Search
Timeline Date Search
Topic Search


Book of the Fortnight
Audio/Video Enhanced
History Bookshelf
Klondike Gold Rush Database
Duvall Newspaper Index
Wellington Scrapbook

More History

Washington FAQs
Washington Milestones
Honor Rolls
Columbia Basin
Walla Walla
Roads & Rails

Timeline Library

< Browse to Previous Essay | Browse to Next Essay >

Explosion kills 16 coal miners at Black Diamond on November 6, 1910. Essay 2329 : Printer-Friendly Format

On November 6, 1910, an explosion kills 16 coal miners in the Pacific Coast Co. Lawson Mine at Black Diamond, located in eastern King County. Because the slope caved in on the miners, five of their bodies were never recovered. The cause of the accident could not be determined.

The dead were identified as follows:

Name Age Nationality Family Family At Daily Wage
Julius Persyn 30 Italian Wife, Child Lawson $3.80
Fred Setti 29 Italian Wife, Child Black Diamond $3.15
Cezar Bael ... Belgian Wife, Child Lawson $3.15
Joe Kronenberg 30 Polish Wife, Child Old Country $3.15
Mactili Fanstina 33 Italian Wife, 3 Child. Black Diamond $3.15
C. Biagi 28 Italian Wife Old Country $3.15
Julius Cappiati 30 Italian Wife Old Country $3.15
Frank Gardini 24 Italian No   $3.15
Isadore Gardini 22 Italian No   $3.15
Dom. Gregois 24 Italian No   $3.15
Albert Fontana 25 Italian No   $3.15
Frank Vergan 23 Italian No   $3.15
Mat Galope 19 Austrian No   $3.15
Dave Lunden 34 Finn No   Fire Boss
Oscar Bael ... Belgian No   $3.15
Girili Maes 33 Belgian No   Boiler Man

Rescuers used four of the new Draeger oxygen units supplied by the Mine Rescue Station at the University of Washington. The Mine Rescue Station was established with contributions from mines in Washington in March 1910 after a demonstration of the equipment at the 1909 Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition. The station trained mine workers to use the equipment in smoke and gas filled mine tunnels.

The Inspector of Coal Mines reported that although the number of fatalities had increased, the following improvements to the industry had taken effect:

  • a law raising the minimum age for underground workers from 14 to 16;
  • a law raising the minimum age for outside workers from 12 to 14;
  • an eight hour work day.

Report of the State Inspector of Coal Mines for the Biennial Period ending December 31, 1910, (Olympia: State Printer, 1911), 7, 63, 75-78.

Travel through time (chronological order):
< Browse to Previous Essay | Browse to Next Essay >

Related Topics: Industry | Labor | Calamities | Science & Technology |

Licensing: This essay is licensed under a Creative Commons license that encourages reproduction with attribution. Credit should be given to both and to the author, and sources must be included with any reproduction. Click the icon for more info. Please note that this Creative Commons license applies to text only, and not to images. For more information regarding individual photos or images, please contact the source noted in the image credit.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License

Major Support for Provided By: The State of Washington | Patsy Bullitt Collins | Paul G. Allen Family Foundation | Museum Of History & Industry | 4Culture (King County Lodging Tax Revenue) | City of Seattle | City of Bellevue | City of Tacoma | King County | The Peach Foundation | Microsoft Corporation, Other Public and Private Sponsors and Visitors Like You

Exterior of Lawson Mine after the explosion on November 6, 1910 that killed 16 miners, Black Diamond, November 1910
Courtesy Black Diamond Historical Society

Early mine rescue gear
Courtesy Black Diamond Historical Society

Home About Us Contact Us Education Bookstore Tourism Advanced Search is the first online encyclopedia of local and state history created expressly for the Internet. (SM) is a free public and educational resource produced by History Ink, a 501 (c) (3) tax-exempt corporation.
Contact us by phone at 206.447.8140, by mail at Historylink, 1411 4th Ave. Suite 803, Seattle WA 98101 or email