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Seattle residents celebrate July 4, 1854, and adopt names for Lake Union and Lake Washington. Essay 1445 : Printer-Friendly Format

On the Fourth of July, 1854, most of Seattle's few hundred residents gather to celebrate near a lake called Tenas Chuck ("little waters"). Thomas Mercer (1813-1898) addresses the group and proposes naming the larger lake to the east, known variously as Hyas Chuck, Geneva, and D'wamish, as Lake Washington. He also proposes renaming Tenas Chuck as Lake Union because he believes that a canal will ultimately connect it to Lake Washington and to Puget Sound.

Settlers approved the new lake names, which were formally adopted a few weeks later. Mercer's vision of a canal was not fully realized for many decades. Work began on the Lake Washington Ship Canal in 1911, and the Government Locks, now named for engineer Hiram M. Chittenden (1858-1917), were dedicated on July 4, 1917.

The canal was declared complete in 1934, 80 years after Mercer first proposed it.

Clarence Bagley, History of Seattle (Chicago: S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1916).
Note: This essay was revised slightly on May 3, 2012.

Travel through time (chronological order):
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Related Topics: Environment | Pioneers |

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Major Support for Provided By: The State of Washington | Patsy Bullitt Collins | Paul G. Allen Family Foundation | Museum Of History & Industry | 4Culture (King County Lodging Tax Revenue) | City of Seattle | City of Bellevue | City of Tacoma | King County | The Peach Foundation | Microsoft Corporation, Other Public and Private Sponsors and Visitors Like You

This essay made possible by:
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Thomas Mercer (1813-1898)
Courtesy Bagley, History of King County

Federal land surveyors' map of Section 16 and Section 17, Lake Union and the future University District, Seattle, 1855

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