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< Browse to Previous Essay | Browse to Next Essay > is launched on January 17, 1999. Essay 10141 : Printer-Friendly Format

On January 17, 1999, the website is launched.  is a free, evolving online encyclopedia of Washington state and local history. It is the first and largest encyclopedia of community history created expressly for the Internet.

Starting With an Idea

In 1997, Walt Crowley (1947-2007) and Paul Dorpat (b. 1938) discussed the idea of creating a new historical baseline for Seattle and King County history. The last comprehensive history of King County -- Clarence Bagley's three volume The History of King County -- was published in 1929, and both historians felt that the region needed an encyclopedia that was more modern and up to date.

Crowley had already written 10 books on Seattle history and Dorpat had published three volumes of his popular "Now and Then" column from The Seattle Times, along with other local history books. Both envisioned the new encyclopedia as a printed publication, but it was Crowley's wife and business partner, Marie McCaffrey, who suggested that the public would be better served if the encyclopedia were online. Unlike books, a website could continually grow and expand over the years as new information was added.

To achieve this goal, Crowley founded History Ink -- the non-profit company behind -- which was incorporated on November 10, 1997. Initial funding for the HistoryLink website came from Patsy Bullitt Collins (1920-2003), who provided $20,000 in seed money to launch a demonstration site, which went online on May 1, 1998. Collins told Crowley, "I've never even seen a Web site, but I love history and I respect you guys" (The Seattle Times, July 1, 2001).

Gathering Support

In 1998, websites were still a novelty to many, and the demonstration site gave Crowley a visual tool to use while fundraising and applying for grants. By July 1998, more than $135,000 had been raised from private donors, the Metropolitan King County Council, the City of Seattle, the Daughters of the American Revolution, and more. Ninety percent of this income would go to pay HistoryLink's writers and editors, whom Crowley had been gathering over the past few months.

On July 9, 1998, most of these writers and editors, along with the website's technical staff, met at Crowley and McCaffrey's house in Seattle's Phinney Ridge neighborhood for its first Thursday staff meeting. Gathered around the dining room table, staff members discussed what the site would look like, which essays they should concentrate on first, and a list of topics under which all essays should be placed. Noting that much of Seattle and King County's written local history focused on the region's white pioneers, special attention was given early on to gathering ethnic histories, especially those of black and Asian Americans.

The staff worked feverishly over the next few months, and on November 11, 1998, a "soft launch" for the website was held at the Speakeasy Café in Seattle's Belltown neighborhood. This launch allowed the staff to fine tune everything and work out any bugs before the official launch a few months later.

Early Successes

When the site officially went live on January 17, 1999 -- Martin Luther King Day -- HistoryLink's databases contained about 300 or so essays, all written expressly for the Internet.  A public demonstration of the site was held that day in Seattle Center's Center House, giving passersby their first glimpse of this unique website. At the time, there were no other regional encyclopedias like it online.

Traffic grew quickly following the launch, but an historic event later that year pushed HistoryLink's servers to the limit. In preparation for the World Trade Organization conference in Seattle that began in late November 1999, staff pointed a webcam out the window of the HistoryLink office -- then the Joshua Green building -- overlooking Westlake Center. As chance would have it, protests and police action unfolded right in front of this WTO-CAM.  At one point, when news cameras were pushed back beyond the line of sight, HistoryLink's cam was the only live feed coming out of downtown. The world watched history happen through the eyes of

Once the dust settled, people who discovered HistoryLink found a reason to keep coming back; new essays were being added almost daily, covering many aspects of local history from just yesterday to years gone past. Educators and students were using the site to a great degree, so much so that the site's traffic would drop every summer and climb steeply again in the fall. was proving so successful as a record of Seattle and King County history, that in 2003 HistoryLink expanded its reach and began documenting the history of the entire state. has become the largest and most comprehensive state encyclopedia in the nation.

"Hooking Up With History," The Seattle Times, October 12, 1998, p. C-1;  "Absolutely Seattle," The Seattle Times, January 9, 2000, p. M5;  "Web Site is Indispensable Link to Seattle-area History," The Seattle Times, July 1, 2001, p. A-1; Eyewitness account by Alan Stein; archival records in possession of Alan Stein, Edmonds, Washington.

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Licensing: This essay is licensed under a Creative Commons license that encourages reproduction with attribution. Credit should be given to both and to the author, and sources must be included with any reproduction. Click the icon for more info. Please note that this Creative Commons license applies to text only, and not to images. For more information regarding individual photos or images, please contact the source noted in the image credit.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License

Major Support for Provided By: The State of Washington | Patsy Bullitt Collins | Paul G. Allen Family Foundation | Museum Of History & Industry | 4Culture (King County Lodging Tax Revenue) | City of Seattle | City of Bellevue | City of Tacoma | King County | The Peach Foundation | Microsoft Corporation, Other Public and Private Sponsors and Visitors Like You

This essay made possible by:
Seattle Office of Arts & Cultural Affairs

Marie McCaffrey, Paul Dorpat, and Walt Crowley, University Book Store, Seattle, April 2006
Photo by David Jensen

HistoryLink sketch, December 1997
By Walt Crowley

HistoryLink staff at Speakeasy, celebrating beta launch, November 10, 1998
Courtesy HistoryLink

Walt Crowley and Paul Dorpat, 1999
By Heather MacIntosh

Teargas is launched at 4th Avenue and Pike Street during WTO protests, November 30, 1999

HistoryLink staff, November 1999
Courtesy The Seattle Times

Home About Us Contact Us Education Bookstore Tourism Advanced Search is the first online encyclopedia of local and state history created expressly for the Internet. (SM) is a free public and educational resource produced by History Ink, a 501 (c) (3) tax-exempt corporation.
Contact us by phone at 206.447.8140, by mail at Historylink, 1411 4th Ave. Suite 803, Seattle WA 98101 or email