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Library Search Results: Abstracts

Your search for wsf found 66 files.
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Showing 1 - 16 of 16 results

Berentson, Duane (1928-2013)

Duane Berentson served for 18 years (1962-1980) as a Washington state legislator representing Burlington, Skagit County, and specializing in transportation issues. In 1981, he became the first non-engineer to serve as chief executive of Washington's highway transportation program, the Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT). Berentson served as Secretary of Transportation for 12 years, until 1993.
File 7367: Full Text >

Bulley, William A. (b. 1925)

William Arthur Bulley served as Director of Highways for the Washington Department of Highways from 1975 to 1977. In September 1977 when the Legislature created the Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT), he became the first Secretary of Transportation (1977-1981). As director, then secretary of the department, Bulley helped to resolve federal and local impediments to the completion of Interstate 90. He also secured federal funding to repair the Hood Canal Bridge after it sank, and to rebuild roads and bridges destroyed in the eruption of Mount St. Helens. Bulley was instrumental in continuing the department's gradual change of focus from highway building exclusively to its current inclusion of mass transportation.
File 7289: Full Text >

Colman Clock (Seattle)

The Colman Clock of the Seattle Ferry Terminal at Colman Dock has truly taken a licking, but keeps on ticking. Over the past hundred years, since 1908 when it arrived, the clock has been dunked into Puget Sound, tossed in a warehouse, and moved around here and there. Today (2005) it is back at Colman Dock (Seattle Pier 52), and once again marks the minutes and hours of the day.
File 7559: Full Text >

Colman, James Murray (1832-1906)

Scottish-born James Murray Colman arrived in Seattle in 1872 at the age of 40 to lease and operate Yesler's sawmill. Colman was a prime mover in organizing the Seattle & Walla Walla Railroad after the Northern Pacific decided to make Tacoma its Western terminus. He built Colman's Dock (today Pier 52, the terminal for the Washington State Ferries), which became a thriving hub of maritime commerce during and after the Klondike Gold Rush of 1897.
File 1680: Full Text >

Ferry Kalakala

The ferry Kalakala was launched from the Lake Washington Shipyards, in Kirkland, on July 2, 1935. Between 1935 and 1967, the streamlined ferry plied the waters of Puget Sound, carrying commuting workers between Seattle and the naval shipyard in Bremerton. Auctioned off in 1967, the Kalakala spent the next 31 years in Alaska, serving as a fish processor. The vessel returned to Seattle on November 6, 1998. After failed attempts to raise sufficient funds to restore her, she was auctioned off, moved to Neah Bay, removed from Neah Bay, and in September 2004 moved to Tacoma.
File 312: Full Text >

Ferry Whistles on Puget Sound: A Slideshow

For more than a century, ferryboat captains on Puget Sound have used the distinctive docking signal made up of a long blast on the boat's whistle followed by two short ones. In maritime terms, this is called a warp and two woofs. Still in use today, this method of sounding the vessel's arrival to land is not only unique to each boat's whistle, but also to each individual ferryboat captain and the techniques they use to sound the call. This file links to sound recordings of some of the more distinctive boat whistles of the Washington State Ferry fleet. The recordings were made in the 1960s and 1970s by retired Black Ball Line publicist William O. Thorniley.
File 7191: Full Text >

Friday Harbor Waterfront

The waterfront of Friday Harbor, now the county seat and only incorporated town in San Juan County, has served as a sheltered access to San Juan Island from the early days of human occupation of the archipelago. Starting with its use as a sheep station by the Hudson's Bay Company in the 1850s, newly arriving settlers soon developed the town of Friday Harbor as the county seat, and built wharves and warehouses to accommodate the rapidly growing trade among the San Juan Islands and with the mainland. Extensive structures serving primary, extraction-related industries, such as timber milling, boat building, and fish canning, as well as depots for agricultural goods, were built on the waterfront during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Coincidentally saloons, stores, and hotels began to line Front Street facing the waterfront and Spring Street leading inland. Beginning in the middle of the twentieth century, the growing importance of the San Juans as a tourist and vacation destination changed Friday Harbor's working waterfront to cater to the increasing number of visitors and seasonal residents.
File 10690: Full Text >

Kitsap County -- Thumbnail History

Kitsap County, named after a military leader of the Suquamish Tribe, occupies the northern end of the Kitsap Peninsula between Hood Canal and Admiralty Strait. Loggers cleared the dense forests and fed sprawling mills and thriving company towns. Even before the mills went out of business, the U.S. Navy founded the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard at Bremerton, which became the centerpiece of the county's economy and the largest single employer. Water transportation has dominated the county's culture and economy since before settlement. The Washington State Ferry System carries more than half its 25 million passengers back and forth from the east side of Puget Sound to Kitsap County. In 2005, an estimated 240,000 people lived there.
File 7864: Full Text >

Lopez Island -- Thumbnail History

Lopez Island, surrounded by the cold waters of the Salish Sea, is at 29.5 square miles the third-largest island in San Juan County. It is the first scheduled stop on the Washington State Ferry route from Anacortes that brings passengers and vehicles into what are known as the San Juan Islands. Lopez Island has fertile soil, relatively flat topography, and a mild climate. These features, along with abundant marine life, brought sustenance to Native Americans for thousands of years and to the European settlers who came later. Stable settlement of Lopez Island did not really begin until 1873, when a long-standing boundary dispute between the United States and Britain was finally settled, allowing Lopez Island to become part of Washington Territory. Farming, ranching, and fishing provided an economic nucleus for islanders as they developed other ways to make a living and form a community. Currently, tourists and seasonal residents are a regular part of island life. Lopez is sometimes called "The Friendly Isle" or occasionally, "Slowpez," but it also can be a very busy place for residents as they commit themselves to community life, making a living, and preserving the rural character of their chosen home.
File 10261: Full Text >

Port of Seattle Central Waterfront Tour

A guided photographic tour of Seattle's downtown waterfront. Curated by Paul Dorpat, written by Walt Crowley, designed by Chris Goodman.
File 7056: Full Text >

Puget Sound's Mosquito Fleet

Puget Sound's historic "Mosquito Fleet" consisted of thousands of steamships that steamed from port to port around the sound from the 1850s to the 1930s. They were so numerous that people said they resembled a "swarm of mosquitoes." From the days of the earliest tribal canoes to the early 1930s, Puget Sound and the Inside Passage (the channel between the British Columbia/Alaska coasts and the islands) constituted the major transportation corridor of the Northwest. The heyday of the Mosquito Fleet ended in the 1930s when competition with rail and road transportation put the fleet out of business.
File 869: Full Text >

San Juan County -- Thumbnail History

Accessible only by water or air, San Juan County is an archipelago of hundreds of islands, reefs, and rocks between mainland Washington and Vancouver Island. Around 20 islands are inhabited. The largest three -- Orcas, San Juan, and Lopez -- contain most of the land area and nearly all the population. Only in 1872, later than any other area in the 48 contiguous states, did the San Juan islands become an undisputed part of the United States following the "Pig War" boundary dispute with Great Britain. San Juan County was created the next year. Like the Lummi, Samish, and other Northern Straits Salish peoples who have made the islands home for thousands of years, early settlers depended heavily on the islands' rich marine resources. As settlement increased the islands supplied the surrounding region with fish, agricultural produce, timber, and lime from some of the nation's richest deposits. A few residents still make a living from fishing, farming, or forestry, but tourism, construction, real estate, and self-employment are now the leading economic sectors as ever more weekend visitors, summer-home buyers, and retirees flock to enjoy the San Juans' beauty.
File 7505: Full Text >

Santos, Robert "Bob" Nicholas (b. 1934)

Bob Santos, born and raised in Seattle's Chinatown-International District, has spent most of his life as an activist in his old neighborhood -- saving it, nurturing it, defending it against outside threats, whether environmental, cultural, or political. Dubbed unofficial mayor of the ID and Uncle Bob, he has been arrested six times fighting for civil rights, and he served as the Pacific Northwest's Housing and Urban Development director during the Clinton administration. "Santos gained prominence ... as an activist who could walk that thin line between being a provocateur and a peacemaker. With a famously salty tongue tempered by a gentleman's graciousness, he helped secure affordable housing, child-care services and social outlets for the elderly in the neighborhood" (Beason). Santos is also honored for what he helped keep out -- a garbage incinerator, a prison or work-release facility, a transportation hub, and a McDonald's. Santos and his wife, state representative Sharon Tomiko Santos, live in Seattle.
File 8989: Full Text >

Seattle Central Waterfront, Part 4: From Mosquito Fleet to Ferry System at Colman Dock

Colman Dock, Pier 52, now the Washington State Ferries terminal at the base of today's Columbia Street, was originally built by Scottish engineer James Colman in 1882 to service the growing regional steamship traffic. Immediately to the north (now an auto-waiting area) stood the Grand Trunk Pacific Pier, which was consumed in a tragic fire in 1914. Colman Dock served as the terminal of the Black Ball line before that private enterprise was taken over by Washington State Ferries in 1951.
File 2474: Full Text >

Transportation Chronology: Moving Washington for a Century -- 100 Years in the History of the Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT)

This chronology marks the major milestones in the evolution of Washington's transportation system over a century of progress, challenge, and innovation.
File 7273: Full Text >

Vashon-Maury Island -- Thumbnail History

Vashon-Maury Island is located in the middle of southern Puget Sound, midway between Seattle and Tacoma, but within the boundaries of King County. Its history parallels that of the rest of the county, but growth and development have occurred at a much slower rate, owing in main part to its distance and inaccessibility to the mainland.
File 3909: Full Text >

Showing 1 - 20 of 49 results

George Richardson receives land patent for his property at the south end of Lopez Island on November 25, 1879.

On November 25, 1879, George Stillman Richardson (ca. 1847-1915) receives his official land patent from the United States government for his property on the south end of Lopez Island in the San Juan Islands. Although Richardson and his family will live on the land for only a few more years, a thriving community bearing his name will soon grow in the area. The town of Richardson, with the islands' nearest deepwater port to mainland markets, will be a major shipping point for island produce, fish, and other goods, and one of the main economic hubs of San Juan County for many years, before dwindling in the later years of the twentieth century.
File 10417: Full Text >

Hall Brothers Shipyard breaks ground in Madrone (renamed Winslow) on Eagle Harbor on Bainbridge Island on July 6, 1902.

On July 6, 1902, the Hall Brothers Shipyard breaks ground for its new location in Madrone (renamed Winslow) on Eagle Harbor on Bainbridge Island. Upon moving there in May 1903, the shipyard will become the town's first large-scale industry. At the turn of the century the Hall Brothers Marine Railway and Shipbuilding Company (its formal name) was outgrowing its site at Port Blakely, which had steep hills ending at the beach. Shipyard owner Henry Hall (his brothers Isaac and Winslow had died) looked to Eagle Harbor for more room and secured 77 acres in Madrone. The town's name becomes Winslow, in honor of Winslow Hall, either because, as historian Edmond Meany asserts, Henry Hall renamed the town, or because the town renamed itself to encourage the shipyard to relocate there.
File 8276: Full Text >

Ferry Peralta (renamed Kalakala) is built in San Francisco in 1927.

In 1927, the Key Transit Company in San Francisco builds the ferry Peralta, whose hull is later used to build the Seattle ferry Kalakala.
File 316: Full Text >

Tragedy strikes on board the ferry Peralta on February 17, 1928.

On February 17, 1928, a fatal accident occurs in Oakland, California, on board the Peralta (whose hull was used to build the renowned Puget Sound ferry, Kalakala). The bow floods and five passengers are drowned.
File 317: Full Text >

Tugboat tows ferry Peralta's burned hull to Seattle from October 12-20, 1933.

From October 12 to 20, 1933, the tug Creole tows the burned hull of the ferry Peralta north from San Francisco to Puget Sound. Captain Alexander Peabody, of the Puget Sound Navigation Co. (The Black Ball Ferry Line), intends to use the hull to rebuild a modern, streamlined ferry. The ferry will be the renowned Puget Sound ferry Kalakala.
File 319: Full Text >

Ferry Kalakala readies for her maiden voyage on July 2, 1935.

On July 2, 1935, the ferry Kalakala readies for her maiden voyage with a trial run near Bremerton.
File 320: Full Text >

Ferry Kalakala starts daily service between Seattle and Bremerton on July 3, 1935.

On July 3, 1935, the ferry Kalakala starts daily service between Seattle and Bremerton.
File 5261: Full Text >

Ferry Kalakala rams the ferry Chippewa on November 4, 1936.

On November 4, 1936, the ferry Kalakala rams into the ferry Chippewa near Bremerton.
File 1200: Full Text >

Puget Sound ferry workers strike in August 1939.

In August 1939, Puget Sound ferry workers strike. Grievances include wages, working conditions, and hours worked per day. In general the public opposes the strike, which is initiated by the Inlandboatmen's Union in confrontation with the Washington state Maritime Labor Board.
File 5504: Full Text >

Ferry Kalakala chosen for final ferry run at Tacoma Narrows on July 2, 1940.

On July 2, 1940, the Kalakala is chosen to make the final run at the Tacoma Narrows.
File 1202: Full Text >

Ferry Kalakala rams Colman Dock on September 27, 1940.

On September 27, 1940, the Kalakala rams the Colman Dock in Seattle.
File 1201: Full Text >

Ferry Kalakala rams a barge near Bremerton on August 16, 1943.

On August 16, 1943, the Kalakala rams a barge off Glover Point near Bremerton.
File 1203: Full Text >

Ferry Kalakala stages impromptu race with ferry City of Sacramento in 1945.

In 1945, the ferry Kalakala stages an impromptu race with the ferry City of Sacramento.
File 1204: Full Text >

Ferry Kalakala starts weekend excursion cruises between Seattle and Victoria, B.C., on June 15, 1945.

On June 15, 1945, the ferry Kalakala commences weekend excursion cruises between Seattle and Victoria, B.C.
File 1205: Full Text >

Ferry Kalakala begins using world's first commercial marine radar set on February 14, 1946.

On February 14, 1946, the ferry Kalakala begins using a radar set on its Seattle-Bainbridge Island run. It is the first-ever commercial use of radar on a ship anywhere in the world. This occurs on the day that a sizable 5.8 earthquake hits Puget Sound.
File 9282: Full Text >

Striking ferry engineers shut down the privately owned Black Ball Line for six days, starting on March 14, 1947.

On March 14, 1947, the 70 members of the Marine Engineers Beneficial Association on ferries of the Puget Sound Navigation Company (Black Ball Line) go on strike. This shuts down ferry service on Puget Sound for six days and creates havoc for commuters and travelers. In the end, events are set into motion that lead to the eventual creation of Washington State Ferries.
File 5294: Full Text >

State Department of Transportation cuts ferry rate increases from 30 to 10 percent on July 4, 1947.

On July 4, 1947, Paul Revelle, the Washington State Director of Transportation, denies the request of Captain Alexander Peabody (1895-1980) to raise fares aboard Puget Sound Navigation Company ferries by 30 percent. The state also orders Peabody to provide refunds to passengers retroactive to February 15, 1947, when a temporary increase was granted pending review. A 10 percent increase is granted instead, but Peabody claims that this rate is confiscatory and will cause him to shut down the ferry system. A year later, he follows through on his threat and shuts it down. This in turn shuts down any remaining support for his position and ultimately leads to the creation of Washington State Ferries.
File 5295: Full Text >

Captain Alexander Peabody shuts down the Black Ball Line for nine days, beginning on February 29, 1948.

On February 29, 1948, Captain Alexander Peabody (1895-1980), president of the Puget Sound Navigation Company (Black Ball Line), ceases operating the ferry system after talks break down with the state government, which refused to grant Peabody's request for a 30 percent increase in rider fares. Stating that he no longer has the money to operate the ferry system, Peabody orders the fleet tied up. For nine days, the state scrambles to provide cross-sound transportation to tens of thousands of commuters, and seriously begins steps to start a state-run ferry system of its own.
File 5296: Full Text >

Vashon Islanders begin operating their own ferries on March 1, 1948.

On March 1, 1948, King County Ferry District No. 1 begins providing ferry service to and from Vashon Island. The district, created by the state legislature in response to angry Vashon Islanders' complaints over Captain Alexander Peabody’s shutdown of the privately owned Puget Sound Navigation Company, is the first and only (as of 2002) ferry district in the state of Washington. The district operates ferries for three years, until the creation of Washington State Ferries on June 1, 1951.
File 3731: Full Text >

Vashon vigilantes repel the ferry Illahee on May 15, 1948.

On May 15, 1948, a group of Vashon vigilantes prevent the ferry Illahee from landing at the Vashon ferry dock, in response to threats by Captain Alexander Peabody, president of the Puget Sound Navigation Company, to restart ferry service to the island. The islanders had formed their own ferry service earlier in the year when Peabody shut down his system for nine days. Residents had no desire to use Peabody's ferries when their own sufficed.
File 3735: Full Text >

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Showing 1 - 1 of 1 results

Turning Point 9: The Sound and the Ferry: The Birth of Washington State Ferries

The ninth essay in HistoryLink's Turning Points series for The Seattle Times traces the history of ferry transportation on Puget Sound beginning with Native American canoe transportation, continuing through the Mosquito Fleet, Captain Alexander Peabody's Black Ball line, and the inception (on June 1, 1951) and development of Washington State Ferries. This article was written by Alan J. Stein and the staff of and published in the Times on June 1, 2001.
File 9309: Full Text >

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