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Library Search Results: Abstracts

Your search for southeastseattle found 52 files.
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Showing 1 - 20 of 28 results

Beacon Hill Branch, The Seattle Public Library

The Beacon Hill Branch, The Seattle Public Library, is located on Seattle's Beacon Hill at 2821 Beacon Avenue S in a building financed by the 1998 "Libraries for All" bond issue. The branch opened in 1945 in a small storefront at 2708 Beacon Avenue S on a trial basis, with community-group members contributing time and money to make the branch possible. Beacon Hill became a full-fledged branch in 1947, and in 1962 moved into a converted retail store at 2519 15th Avenue S. Six years later a fire in the abutting building nearly destroyed the branch, but it was saved by heavy rain and occupied the storefront space for more than 40 years in all. The current building, designed by Carlson Architects, opened on July 10, 2004. It is three times the size of the previous one and includes special collections in Chinese, Vietnamese, Spanish, and Tagalog, reflecting some of the cultural diversity of the Beacon Hill neighborhood that it serves.
File 2867: Full Text >

Columbia Branch, The Seattle Public Library

The Columbia Branch, The Seattle Public Library, is located at 4721 Rainier Avenue S adjacent to Columbia Park at the north end of the Columbia City business district in southeast Seattle. The branch's landmark 1915 building is the smallest of the libraries built for Seattle with gifts from philanthropist Andrew Carnegie (1835-1919). The branch itself dates to 1909, two years after Columbia City was annexed into Seattle, when a small branch was opened in Spartan surroundings in the old Columbia City town hall. Since the branch's inception in 1909, it has seen dramatic changes in a neighborhood that has always attracted immigrant groups from Italians to Asians to Pacific Islanders. Under the "Libraries for All" improvement program, a $196.4 million bond issue passed by Seattle voters in 1998, the building was expanded to double its size. It closed for a year for renovation, reopening in August 2004. The expanded and renovated library preserves the building's distinctive character as a landmark.
File 4057: Full Text >

Contains Audio/Video

Ethiopian and Eritrean Communities in Seattle

Ethiopians and Eritreans have lived in the Seattle area since the late 1960s, beginning with university students. From 1980 with the passage of the Refugee Act until about 2000, thousands of Ethiopians and Eritreans arrived in Seattle as immigrants and as refugees as a result of oppressive political regimes, drought, and war. In the early twenty-first century, Ethiopians and Eritreans have come to the United States through the Diversity Immigration Visa program, which grants permanent resident cards to potential immigrants based on a lottery system. Both Ethiopian and Eritrean communities have thrived in Seattle, but also face similar challenges. These include preparing the aging first generation of immigrants for retirement and keeping children in school and helping them to become good citizens through after-school programming at their respective community centers. Community centers provide a social space and many programs including those designed to help preserve culture and heritage. The Ethiopian Community Mutual Association welcomes all Ethiopians. (Ethiopians are ethnically diverse and speak different languages.) The Eritrean Association in Greater Seattle serves the Eritrean community.
File 9615: Full Text >

Filipino Americans in Seattle

With an estimated population of 30,000 (in the late 1990s), the Filipino American community forms the largest group of Asian Americans in the Seattle area. Beginning with the first known Filipino resident in 1883, waves of Filipino immigrants arrived in dynamic relationship with the status of the Philippines (from colony to independence). They often faced discrimination and hardship, as described by the Filipino poet and writer Carlos Bulosan (1911?-1956). Filipinos have contributed to the area's arts, business, and political leadership. In 1979, Delores Sibonga (b. 1931) became the first member of the Seattle City Council of Filipino ancestry. President Bill Clinton appointed Bob Santos (b. 1934) as regional representative of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. In 1992, Velma Veloria won election to the Washington State Legislature from Seattle's 11th District, making her the highest ranking elected official of Filipino ancestry in the country at the time.
File 409: Full Text >

Jefferson Park Municipal Golf Course (Seattle)

The Jefferson Park Golf Course opened in May 1915. It was the first municipally owned golf course in Seattle and the third golf course in King County. The course is located at 4101 Beacon Avenue S in Seattle's Beacon Hill neighborhood. In its first year, 26,309 people played on Jefferson Park's 18-hole course. Today, the course measures 6,182 yards and has a driving range and 27 holes. More than 60,000 rounds of golf are played here each year. Since opening, the golf course has served Seattle residents and visitors of all ethnicities and income levels from the heavyweight-boxing champion Joe Louis in 1936 to a 16-year-old Tiger Woods in 1992, from the first members of the Seattle Chinese Golf Club in the 1950s to African American members of the Fir State Gulf Club to students of the nonprofit organization First Tee today.
File 3015: Full Text >

Kline Galland Center

The Caroline Kline Galland Home, located in the Seward Park neighborhood of southeast Seattle, is a skilled nursing home for Jewish seniors. For more than 90 years Seattle's Jewish community has rallied with fundraising and capital campaigns to support the home in its service to the Jewish aged. Initially funded by a bequest from Caroline Rosenberg Kline Galland (1841-1907), the home opened in 1914 with seven residents. There was already a waiting list, but zoning ordinances precluded expansion until the home's legal advisors won an appeal to the United States Supreme Court. A new building was built in 1930 and later expanded. That building was replaced with a new facility that opened in 1967, and both the facility and Kline Galland programs have expanded dramatically since then. In 2011, the Caroline Kline Galland Home has the capacity to serve 205 residents.
File 88: Full Text >

Kubota Garden (Seattle)

Kubota Garden, located in southeast Seattle at 9817 55th Avenue S and operated by the Seattle Parks and Recreation Department, combines native Northwest plants with traditional Japanese garden designs that feature hills, valleys, streams, ponds, waterfalls, and rock outcroppings. It is open year-round and admission is free. The garden was the life work of Fujitaro Kubota (1879-1973), who immigrated to Washington from Japan. Although not formally trained, Kubota became a professional gardener, founding the Kubota Gardening Company in 1923. Four years later he bought five acres of logged-off swamp on Renton Avenue S near Rainier Beach (using a friend's name to get around laws that then precluded Japanese citizens from owning property in Washington), and began developing the garden. Kubota moved his family to the property in 1940, and acquired more lots to increase its size to 20 acres. The family was confined at Minidoka, Idaho, in the Japanese internment during World War II, but returned in 1945 to restore and continue developing the garden. In 1962 Kubota build the garden's 65-foot-high Mountainside, featuring ponds and waterfalls; he later added a moon viewing platform and moon bridge. In 1981, eight years after Kubota's death, the garden was declared a city landmark. In 1987 the City bought the property and Kubota Garden became a public park.
File 3077: Full Text >

Lakeridge Park and Taylor Creek (Seattle)

Lakeridge Park occupies more than 35 acres of Taylor Creek and Deadhorse Canyon in southeast Seattle. The park is located south of the intersection of 68th Avenue S and Rainier Avenue S just inside Seattle's city limits. Taylor Creek is the fourth largest creek in Seattle. The creek was named for Taylor Mill, a nineteenth century sawmill on the shore of Lake Washington. The canyon through which the creek flows to the lake got its name after a horse that frequented the area died in the ravine. Developer E. S. Goodwin platted the Lakeridge neighborhood in the 1920s and the City of Seattle established Lakeridge Park in Deadhorse Canyon in the 1940s. In recent years, the park, canyon, and creek have been the site of an urban creek restoration program aimed at attracting salmon back to the creek to spawn.
File 3120: Full Text >

NewHolly Branch, The Seattle Public Library, and its Neighborhood

The NewHolly Branch, The Seattle Public Library, is located at 7058 32nd Avenue S on Seattle's Beacon Hill. Completed in 1999, the NewHolly Library replaced the Holly Park Library, which was originally built in 1943 to serve the World War II housing development of Holly Park. After the war, the Seattle Housing Authority converted the development to subsidized low-income housing. Holly Park became one of Seattle's most diverse areas and also one of the lowest in median income. In the late 1990s, in an effort to change the neighborhood from low-income to mixed-income, the entire Holly Park housing development was bulldozed and rebuilt as NewHolly, a blend of single-family homes, townhomes, and apartments, with both public housing and market rate houses and apartments. By then, despite a previous move and subsequent expansion, the aging and crowded Holly Park Branch needed replacement and it became the first branch rebuilt under Seattle's "Libraries for All" program, funded by a $196.4 million bond issue that voters approved in 1998. The NewHolly Branch, designed by ARC architects, is part of a Campus of Learning that includes youth tutoring, Seattle Community College classes, child care services, and job placement and training.
File 2865: Full Text >

O'Brien, John L. (1911-2007)

John L. O'Brien was a state representative from southeast Seattle whose 26 terms in the House spanned the terms of nine governors. His service was highlighted by four two-year terms wielding a powerful and effective gavel as speaker in the partisan political roiling of the early 1960s. Appointed in 1939, he remained in the House -- but for a 1947-1949 hiatus -- until 1993. A master parliamentarian and durable politician, he served in every leadership capacity: Speaker, Speaker pro-tempore, minority and majority leader, and on every major House committee. Rainier Valley born and raised, O'Brien was a civic leader who energetically chaired local events and sponsored legislation to meet the needs of a district that changed from the Irish and Italian community of his birth to a more diverse one of Chinese, Japanese, Filipino, African American, Orthodox Jewish, Vietnamese, East Africans. and Latinos. In his honor the House office building in Olympia is named the John L. O'Brien Building.
File 9675: Full Text >

Pritchard Island

Pritchard Island, a small island on the southwest shore of Lake Washington, was the site of a Duwamish Indian village known as tleelh-chus ("little island") for generations before the first United States settlers arrived in the area in the 1860s. It gained the name Pritchard Island when Alfred J. Pritchard acquired it in 1900 and platted a housing development that was reached by a footbridge over the slough that separated the island from the mainland shore of the lake. The area was annexed into the City of Seattle in 1907. Ten years later, the lowering of Lake Washington due to the opening of the Lake Washington Ship Canal drained the slough, connecting the island to the mainland. Even before the lake was lowered, Pritchard, the Olmsted Brothers landscape architecture firm, and many area residents had urged the City to develop a park and beach at Pritchard Island. In the 1930s, the City acquired the land in the former slough area and developed Pritchard Island Beach with assistance from the WPA.
File 3119: Full Text >

Rainier Beach Branch, The Seattle Public Library

The Rainier Beach Branch, The Seattle Public Library, is Seattle's southeastern-most branch library. Located at 9125 Rainier Avenue S, the branch traces its roots to a storefront operation that opened in 1928 and closed four years later due to the Great Depression. The neighborhood then went 34 years without a library until a branch opened on 57th Avenue S in 1966. The Rainier Beach branch moved into larger quarters, an old Sea-First Bank building on Rainier Avenue, in 1974. In 1981 the branch got a brand new building that was the largest branch in the system when it was built. Because of its size and relative newness, the Rainier Beach Branch was to be the last remodeled as part of the 1998 "Libraries for All" bond issue. But delays in other projects placed it near the head of the line in 2002, and the remodeled branch reopened in January 2004.
File 4038: Full Text >

Rainier District Pow Wow (1934-1992)

Seattle's Rainier District Pow Wow was founded in 1934 as a day-long, community-wide picnic designed to lift spirits and promote cohesion in the midst of the Great Depression. Like its cousin, downtown Seattle’s Potlatch, the event involved elements of commercialism, civic pride, family fun, and misinterpretations of Indian culture. Potlatch ended in 1941, when the United States entered World War II, but the Pow Wow continued until 1992, a mirror reflecting the changing face of the community and the world around it. Born during hard times, the festival drummed up business for local retailers in the 1930s; prompted military themes and patriotism in the 1940s; added a “largest family” contest during the Baby Boom of the 1950s; and included a “Battle of the Bands" in the 1960s. The bathing beauty contests were dropped in response to complaints from feminists in the 1970s. The Pow Wow queen and princesses were gone by the end of the 1980s. By the time the last Pow Wow was held, in July 1992, a kids lipsync contest was on the program, along with "The Electric Slide," presented by the "Senior Center Sliders." From one metamorphosis to the next, Pow Wow remained a highlight of the summer for generations of South Seattle residents.
File 9526: Full Text >

Rainier Valley -- Thumbnail History

Seattle's Rainier Valley is both a neighborhood and a geographical feature. The valley, which is not a watercourse but the low land between two ridges, extends some seven miles southeast from downtown Seattle to Lake Washington. As a neighborhood, "Rainier Valley" most frequently refers to the northern and central portions of the valley, but the name is sometimes used for the entire length of the valley including neighborhoods such as Columbia City and Rainier Beach. Coast Salish residents had a long-established trail through the valley and several permanent large cedar longhouses on the lake shore. The first non-Indian settlers arrived in the 1850s but settlement was slow until the valley's great stands of timber were cut and milled in local sawmills. The Rainier Avenue Electric Railway, built along the present-day route of Rainier Avenue S, opened the valley to suburban and eventually urban development. The rail line reached Columbia City in 1891 and Renton in 1896 and was a critical link until it went out of business in 1937. Rainier Valley has long been home to many immigrants, with Italian Americans and Japanese Americans predominating prior to World War II (which saw the internment of Japanese American citizens). Boom times during and after the war brought many more residents. African Americans moved from other states and from Seattle's Central Area. More recently, new waves of immigrants from Latin America and southeast Asia have made Rainier Valley home.
File 3092: Full Text >

Rizal Park (Seattle)

Dr. Jose Rizal Park is perched on the northwest crest of Seattle's Beacon Hill, where it enjoys sweeping views of downtown Seattle, Puget Sound, the Olympics, and the Cascades. The park is located on a portion of property on the north slope of Beacon Hill that the City of Seattle acquired in 1917 to build retaining walls, terracing, and drains where the regrading of Dearborn and Jackson streets left the hillside unstable. The park site itself remained undeveloped until 1971, when the Parks Department built a parking area and viewpoint along 12th Avenue S. The park was named for Dr. Rizal, at the request of the Filipino Alumni Association, in 1974 and formally dedicated in 1979. The name honors the Filipino intellectual and nationalist who was executed by Spanish authorities in 1896 because of his advocacy for Phillipine independence from Spain, and also recognizes the Filipinos who migrated to Seattle beginning around 1900, after the U.S. took possession of the Phillipines.
File 3168: Full Text >

Royal Esquire Club, The (Seattle)

The Royal Esquire Club is a private African American men's club in Seattle. It was founded in 1947 by five young men since there was no welcoming venue in the city where black men could socialize. Rooms were available for civic and social clubs to meet. The Fir State Golf Club and the LaClique Club were two groups that met there on a regular basis. During the civil rights era, some leaders in the movement could be seen there plotting strategies. There were fish fries, chitlin struts, and Creole gumbo fundraising dinners. Over some 60 years the club has sought ways to contribute positively to the community in a collegial environment. Today the Royal Esquire Club is located at 5016 Rainier Avenue S in Columbia City.
File 9522: Full Text >

Samoan Community (Seattle)

The first wave of Samoan immigrants arrived in Seattle after World War II. Many new arrivals had worked on the naval base in Pago Pago, the capital of American Samoa, which closed with the end of the war. Later immigrants joined established family members for better educational and occupational opportunities. The early immigrants to the region set up churches, often along family lines, which provided support and maintained cultural traditions for the growing community. Samoan activists and leaders created programs and community centers both to honor and preserve Samoan culture and to fight ongoing issues of unemployment, poverty, crime, and high dropout rates among Samoan youth, in part due to lack of English-language training for Samoan speakers. The Seattle Samoan Center and the Samoan Educational Task Force were both founded in the 1970s, and the first Parent Teacher Student Association chapter for Samoans and Pacific Islanders was formed in 2000. The community prizes its athletes and comes out in force to support the Samoan Cricket League. In 1993 the first "Aso Mo Samoa" or Samoan Community Day celebrated Samoan culture with folk dances, singing, island food, traditional costumes and ceremonies, and a cricket tournament. This resilient and passionate community survived neglect from the municipal government and internal disunity to emerge as a vibrant ethnic community in southeast Seattle and West Seattle. By the year 2000 some 8,000 Samoan Americans lived in Washington state, with 80 percent residing in King and Pierce counties.
File 9646: Full Text >

Seattle Neighborhoods: Beacon Hill -- Thumbnail History

Beacon Hill overlooks downtown Seattle from the southeast and is distinguished by the 16-story Pacific Medical Center that rises from its northern end. The ridge extends southeast from First Hill between the Duwamish River and the Rainier Valley and rises to 350 feet in elevation. As close as Beacon Hill appears to downtown Seattle, geography has worked to keep the neighborhood distinct. The ridge saw scattered settlement as early as the 1850s, but remained largely undeveloped for several more decades. Union Army veteran and real estate developer M. Harwood Young (1846-1913) named the hill in 1889 for Boston's historic Beacon Hill and built a streetcar line connecting the neighborhood to downtown. Regrades along Jackson and Dearborn streets cut through the ridge to provide access from downtown to the Rainier Valley, requiring a bridge to Beacon Hill on 12th Avenue S. Reservoirs for the city's Cedar River water system were built atop the ridge (where a small reservoir had earlier held Lake Washington water), and adjacent land became Jefferson Park Golf Course. The U.S. Marine Hospital (later Pacific Medical Center) was built in the 1930s. After World War II, a large veterans hospital was built south of Jefferson Park at the hill's highest point. Interstate 5 was cut into the west slope of Beacon Hill in the 1960s.
File 3004: Full Text >

Seattle Neighborhoods: Brighton Beach -- Thumbnail History

Brighton Beach is a neighborhood on Lake Washington in southeast Seattle. It is just south of the Bailey Peninsula (home to Seward Park) and extends from the lake over Graham Hill, across the Rainier Valley, and up the side of Beacon Hill, generally between S Othello Street on the south and S Orcas Street on the north. English immigrants who purchased lots there in the 1880s named the neighborhood for a resort town in England. Before that the area had been home to Duwamish Indians who had a village called hah-HAO-hlch ("forbidden place") just south of Bailey Peninsula, and then to settlers who logged the huge trees, built farms, orchards, and a schoolhouse, and platted house lots. The 1891 completion of an electric trolley line down the Rainier Valley as far as Columbia City opened Brighton Beach to more development. The neighborhood and adjoining ones was annexed into Seattle in 1907. The City developed Brighton Playfield during the 1930s and Sharples Junior High School was later sited next to the playfield. In the years following World War II many African American families moved from the Central Area south down the Rainier Valley. Brighton Beach and Seward Park also became a center for Seattle's Jewish community, with three synagogues and some 90 percent of the city's Orthodox Jewish population.
File 3110: Full Text >

Seattle Neighborhoods: Columbia City -- Thumbnail History

Columbia City, a historic neighborhood in southeast Seattle, began as a townsite developed by promoter J. K. Edmiston, who built an electric rail line from downtown Seattle through the Rainier Valley along the route now followed by Rainier Avenue. It was incorporated as an independent town in 1893 and was annexed into Seattle in 1907. Manufacturers such as the Hitt Fireworks Company and Heater Glove Company sustained the local economy until World War II, when the neighborhood became home to defense workers and Hitt Fireworks switched to military production. Columbia City saw declines in the post-war years, reaching a nadir in the late 1970s when crime was a major concern and many storefronts were empty. In subsequent decades, a combination of public and private efforts helped revitalize the area. The local business community won Landmark District status for Columbia City in 1978, helping to preserve the neighborhood's historic ambience. Once-empty storefronts have become restaurants, offices, an art gallery, and other businesses.
File 3327: Full Text >

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Showing 1 - 20 of 24 results

City of Seattle annexes six towns -- Southeast Seattle, South Park, Columbia, Ballard, West Seattle, and Ravenna -- in 1907.

During one eight-month period beginning on January 7, 1907, Seattle annexes six nearby incorporated towns and an unincorporated portion of King County, nearly doubling the land area of Seattle. Competition between Seattle and Tacoma to be the dominant city on Puget Sound with the largest population in part motivated this rash of additions to the city.
File 1954: Full Text >

City of Seattle annexes the Town of Southeast Seattle on January 7, 1907.

On January 7, 1907, the City of Seattle annexes the Town of Southeast Seattle. This town had a short life, being incorporated on July 2, 1906. The town included the neighborhoods of Seward Park, Mt. Baker, Beacon Hill, Hillman City, and a portion of Rainier Valley.
File 3314: Full Text >

Seattle City Council initiates condemnation process to acquire site for future Seward Park on May 10, 1909.

On May 10, 1909, the Seattle City Council approves a request from the Board of Park Commissioners to initiate proceedings to acquire Bailey Peninsula -- site of the future Seward Park -- by condemnation. The city and the owners of the property had begun negotiating a sale in 1908 but had failed to reach agreement on the price. By condemning the property, the city exercised its right to claim ownership through the principle of eminent domain (the power of a government to acquire private property for public purposes), with the price to be determined by an independent, third-party appraiser.
File 9563: Full Text >

Samuel and Susie Stone win legal battle for right to live in Seattle's exclusive Mount Baker District on June 7, 1910.

On June 7, 1910, Judge Boyd J. Tallman of the Supreme Court of Washington State upholds the legal ruling that Samuel Stone and his wife Susie Stone, an affluent black couple, could purchase property in the exclusive Mount Baker Park District. The developer of the district, Hunter Tract Improvement Company, had filed suit against the Stones and the former owner of the lot, to reverse the purchase contract. Due to the couple's skin color, the company claimed the presence of the Stones could compromise the real estate value of the surrounding lots. After winning the original court case and the appeal, the Stones proceeded to build their home at 3125 34th Avenue S, but the legal case represented the increasing need to fight institutional discrimination, including restrictive covenants.
File 9570: Full Text >

The Pacific Northwest Japanese Golf Association is formally organized on May 31, 1936.

On May 31, 1936, attorney Thomas Masuda drafts a constitution for the Pacific Northwest Japanese Golf Association in Seattle, where the sixth Annual Tournament is being held. Masuda becomes the association's first president. The association will continue to hold annual tournaments in Northwest cities until 1941, when all persons of Japanese descent will be forced to leave the West Coast during World War II.
File 9558: Full Text >

The Fir State Golf Club is founded in Seattle in 1947.

In 1947, the Fir State Golf Club is founded by a racially diverse group of 15 men and women who, because of their race, are not welcome in the existing golf clubs in Seattle at the time. As the first African American golf club in the city, they help pave the way for more minority acceptance on golf courses of the region. The club later creates the Fir State Golf Foundation to promote youth participation in golf and in the community.
File 9531: Full Text >

Chubby & Tubby war-surplus shop holds Grand Opening in Seattle on November 22, 1947.

On Saturday, November 22, 1947, a war-surplus shop called Chubby & Tubby (3333 Rainier Avenue S) holds its Grand Opening in Seattle. The business -- which is initially based in a set of metal military Quonset huts on a corner lot (formerly site of a Signal gas station) in Seattle's Rainier Valley neighborhood -- had actually been open for about five weeks. But it seems that the two rotund owners -- Woodrow ("Woody") "Tubby" Auge (d. 1989) and Irvin "Chubby" Frese (d. 1997) -- still had a few organizational wrinkles to iron out before making things official: In fact for those first five start-up weeks the company was actually called "Tubby and Chubby."
File 9535: Full Text >

Washington State charters The Royal Esquire Club, a private African American men's club, on April 5, 1948.

On April 5, 1948, Washington State charters The Royal Esquire Club. The club was organized by five young men who found no welcoming place in Seattle for black men to socialize. They were Doyle Bonner, Frederick Bowmar, William Childress, Freddie Ray, and Joe West.
File 9532: Full Text >

The Seattle Chinese Golf Club (Seattle Cascade Golf Club) is founded in 1951.

In 1951, 16 Chinese businessmen meet at the former Twin Dragon Restaurant in Seattle and found the Seattle Chinese Golf Club. Jefferson Park Golf Course in Seattle is established as their home course, where they play their first invitational tournament at in 1952 against the Vancouver B.C. Golf Club. In 1954, they will change their name to the Seattle Cascade Golf Club. They continue to be the preeminent Asian golf club in the Puget Sound area.
File 9552: Full Text >

Samoan community forms its first Seattle-area church in 1964.

In 1964 Samoans in Seattle form the First Samoan Christian Congregational Church in southeast Seattle. They choose Folasa Titialii to act as their pastor. The second Samoan congregation will be the First Samoan Assembly of God, formed in 1971. After this, Samoan churches in Seattle will flourish, offering bible study and services in Samoan. These churches will bring families and friends together and help pass on traditional Samoan values such as obedience to elders, a familial focus on children, and care for members of the community. At first the churches are insular and reach out only to congregants and their families, but gradually they will begin reaching out to others in their neighborhoods and to people in need.
File 9651: Full Text >

Seattle Chinese Athletic Association is founded in July 1968.

In July 1968, several members of Seattle's Chinese community form a group to foster athletics and community participation among youth. The Seattle Chinese Athletic Association (SCAA) begins with 35 boys playing softball, tennis, and basketball. By 2010, the association will focus its efforts on basketball, and more than 200 boys and girls are active on their teams, encouraging a sense of community within Seattle's Chinese population.
File 9530: Full Text >

Seattle Samoan Center opens at the El Centro de la Raza in 1973.

In 1973, the Seattle Samoan Center opens at the El Centro de la Raza, a Chicano/Latino community center, in North Beacon Hill. The center addresses the social needs of the Samoan community and provides services to help migrant community members adjust to American society. Over the years, the center will provide constant programming for elderly and youth day care as well as cultural classes for children. The center will actively seek grants for projects to address specific problems plaguing the community such as drugs and gang violence. The center will channel the voice of the community and actively remind Seattle and its citizens of the ongoing issues of poverty, unemployment, English illiteracy, and the high dropout rate of high school students that plague the Samoan community.
File 9652: Full Text >

Hundreds celebrate the placement of the last sign to designate Seattle's new Martin Luther King Jr. Way on January 15, 1984.

On January 15, 1984, hundreds of singing and chanting people walk from Seattle's Mount Zion Baptist Church to the intersection of E Cherry Street and Martin Luther King Jr. Way. For the diverse crowd, this anniversary both celebrates the achievements of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968) and marks the end of a long legal battle to rename Empire Way for the slain civil rights leader. In 1981, a simple idea of renaming a major artery in southeast Seattle sparked a heated, citywide debate. Despite unanimous approval from the city council and mayor, the 1982 ordinance to alter utility bills, maps, forms, marketing material, and street signs was delayed for nearly two years by a legal case brought by 36 merchants with establishments along the artery. The merchants voiced concern for the expense of the name change and challenged the ability of the City to pass the legislation without public referendum. Finally, after losing their case in the Washington State Supreme Court in December 1983, the merchants decided not to appeal. The city swiftly manufactured some 500 street signs and managed to put them up before the January 15 deadline.
File 9568: Full Text >

The Royal Esquire Club sells its clubhouse to Seattle Public Schools on August 30, 1985.

On August 30, 1985, The Royal Esquire Club, a private African American men's club, sells its clubhouse to Seattle Public Schools for 150,000. The sale is made to make way for the Bailey Gatzert Elementary School. The Royal Esquires will purchase a new clubhouse in Columbia City at 5016 Rainier Avenue S.
File 9525: Full Text >

Seattle Samoan Cricket League forms in 1986.

In 1986 the Seattle Samoan Cricket League forms and organizes games of this cherished pastime of Seattle's Samoan community. The league holds games at the Genesee Field in Rainier Valley, but the boisterous cheering, loud music, and traffic congestion creates too much disturbance and will force the league to move to Jefferson Playfield in Beacon Hill. Despite being introduced in Samoa by British missionaries, Samoan cricket, or kirikiti, differs in number of players and in the rules of the game. Kirikiti has taken on a specific cultural meaning since it reflects the value of community to the Samoan people and includes traditional singing and dancing. The Seattle league educates Samoan American children in their heritage and provides an opportunity to connect to their parents and grandparents.
File 9650: Full Text >

First Pista sa Nayon, Filipino community festival, is held in Seattle on August 4, 1990.

On August 4, 1990, Pista sa Nayon, an annual Filipino American celebration featuring traditional food, arts, crafts, and entertainment, is held for the first time in Seattle at the Rainier Playfield, at the corner of Rainier Avenue S and S Alaska Street. The name of the event, roughly translated from Tagalog, the native language of the Philippines, means "town festival." Relocated to the amphitheater at Seward Park in 1995, it draws thousands of people each year for what Cindy Cawaling, chair of the 2010 Pista, has called "the essential family reunion on a wonderfully grand scale" (
File 9528: Full Text >

Aso Mo Samoa or Samoan Community Day starts in Seattle's Jefferson Park Playfield in August 1993.

In August 1993, the Samoan residents of Seattle come together at the Jefferson Park Playfield for its first "Aso Mo Samoa" or Samoan Community Day. The day-long event celebrates Samoan cultural heritage and commemorates the political relationship between American Samoa and the United States. The all-day affair includes traditional ceremonies and dancing, island food, and even games of cricket, the cherished pastime of the Samoan people.
File 9654: Full Text >

FBI raids Somali stores Maka Mini Mart and Halal Meats in Seattle on November 7, 2001.

On November 7, 2001, the FBI raids the Maka Mini Mart and Halal Meats and the businesses sharing its space as part of an investigation into one of those businesses, Barakat Wire Transfer Service. The business is located in the Rainier Valley in Seattle. The raid occurs just two months after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. There are concerns that the Somali market and wire transfer service are targeted because of their owners' Muslim religion. After several months the FBI drops the investigation and two of the businesses receive partial compensation for confiscated goods and losses suffered due to closure.
File 9642: Full Text >

Hope Academic Enrichment Center is incorporated in White Center as a non-profit organization on July 22, 2004.

On July 22, 2004, Hope Academic Enrichment Center is incorporated as a non-profit organization. Begun by Mohamed A. Ali as an informal tutoring program, the center is located in St. James Place in White Center (King County). It will become a multi-faceted organization with a kindergarten through eighth-grade academy and tutoring, sports, social, and career preparation programs. The center primarily assists East African immigrant children and their families, who did not have access to formal education in their home countries of Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Somalia, and who are struggling academically.
File 9640: Full Text >

Lao Highland Community Center opens in Southeast Seattle on May 14, 2005.

On May 14, 2005, the Lao Highland Community Center, a project of the Lao Highland Association, opens in southeast Seattle near the Othello Playground. The community center, located at 3925 S Bozeman Street, is the first of its kind and resulted from the joint efforts of Hmong, Mien, and Khmu people, all immigrants from Laos. It will provide social services to these groups, and is ideally located to serve them. The center offers programs for youth and the elderly and actively works to preserve the unique and varied heritage of the people of the Hill Tribes of Laos. To build the center, the Lao Highland Association received legal and business guidance from the Interim Community Development Association.
File 9653: Full Text >

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