Fred Hutchinson James Delmage Ross Dixy Lee Ray George W. Bush Hazel Wolf Henry M Jackson Warren G. Magnuson Home
Search Encyclopedia
Advanced Search
Featured Essay
Home About Us Contact Us Education Bookstore Tourism Advanced Search
7100 essays now available      
Donation system not supported by Safari     Donate Subscribe


Cyberpedias Cyberpedias
Timeline Essays Timeline Essays
People's Histories People's Histories

Selected Collections
Cities & Towns Cities & Towns
County Thumbnails Counties
Biographies Biographies
Interactive Cybertours Interactive Cybertours
Slide Shows Slideshows
Public Ports Public Ports
Audio & Video Audio & Video

Research Shortcuts

Map Searches
Alphabetical Search
Timeline Date Search
Topic Search


Book of the Fortnight
Audio/Video Enhanced
History Bookshelf
Klondike Gold Rush Database
Duvall Newspaper Index
Wellington Scrapbook

More History

Washington FAQs
Washington Milestones
Honor Rolls
Columbia Basin
Walla Walla
Roads & Rails

Library Search Results: Abstracts

Your search for jewsinwa found 88 files.
To read complete essay, click title or image, or click "Full Text" link below abstract.

Show 10 20 40 results per page | < Show previous 20 | Show Next 20 >
Cyberpedias & Features (Alphabetical)
Timelines (Chronological)
People's Histories

Showing 1 - 20 of 37 results

Alhadeff, Morris (1914-1994)

Morris "Morrie" Alhadeff, a Seattle native, was General Manager and Chairman of the Board of the Longacres racetrack in Renton. Strong supporters of civil rights, Alhadeff and his wife Joan Gottstein Alhadeff (whose father, Joseph Gottstein (1891-1971), founded Longacres) were great patrons of Northwest art and collected equine-themed prints and paintings. Prior to his work at Longacres, Alhadeff was employed by several radio stations using the radio name Jerry Morris. Alhadeff served the Seattle community on numerous boards of directors throughout his life.
File 7348: Full Text >

American Jewish Committee, Seattle Regional Office

The Greater Seattle Chapter of the American Jewish Committee (now called the American Jewish Committee (AJC) Seattle Regional Office) was formed in January 1946. The organization was an affiliate of the national organization established in New York in 1906 following a wave of Russian pogroms. In 1946, just after World War II and the disastrous holocaust in which millions of Jews were killed, waves of Jewish immigrants were pouring into America. The national organization took on the mission of safeguarding the rights and freedoms of Jews worldwide.
File 666: Full Text >

Benaroya, Jack Albert (1921-2012)

Jack Benaroya was a real-estate developer, civic leader, and philanthropist. He was a pioneer in the development and packaging of industrial parks in the Pacific Northwest and sold his holdings in 1984 for $315 million, then considered the largest real-estate transaction in Pacific Northwest history. Jack Benaroya and his wife, Becky, have been major benefactors for the Pacific Northwest's cultural, educational, and medical superstructure. Most notably, the Benaroyas in 1993 provided the $15 million seed money to help launch the Seattle Symphony's much-lauded performance hall in downtown Seattle, now called Benaroya Hall. They also have supported the Benaroya Research Institute at Virginia Mason Medical Center in Seattle and the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation, as well as other Seattle hospitals and area arts organizations. Benaroya's contributions to the Pacific Northwest earned him a range of awards, for his entrepreneurship, his service, and his philanthropy. The Seattle-King County Association of Realtors named Benaroya its "First Citizen" for 1998. Jack Benaroya died on Friday, May 11, 2012.
File 7419: Full Text >

Bikur Cholim-Machzikay Hadath (Seattle)

Chevra Bikur Cholim, (Society for visiting the sick) incorporated in Seattle in 1891 with the purpose of caring for the sick and providing proper burial. It evolved into a religious congregation and in 1991 celebrated its centennial.
File 299: Full Text >

Bridge, Herbert "Herb" Marvin (b. 1925)

Herbert M. "Herb" Bridge has lived a full, well-traveled life as a successful businessman, a naval officer in two wars, and a Seattle civic leader and philanthropist whose boundless energies earned him the nickname, "Mr. Downtown." Bridge joined the U.S. Navy shortly after the U.S. entered World War II, and during a 41-year career in the Navy and Naval Reserve, rose to the rank of rear admiral. He and his brother, Robert, took over their father's Seattle jewelry store, Ben Bridge, and from it developed a chain of more than 70 stores, from Minnesota to Hawaii. The civic and philanthropic efforts of Bridge and his wife, Shirley (Selesnick) Bridge (1922-2008), have earned them many awards from local and national groups. The Seattle-King County Association of Realtors named Herb Bridge First Citizen for 2001.
File 7307: Full Text >

Broderick, Henry (1880-1975)

Henry Broderick was a highly respected Seattle civic leader and the longtime president of the city's largest real estate firm. From the time he arrived in town in 1901 until his death seven decades later, Broderick was involved in almost every important aspect of Seattle civic life, boosting, chairing, contributing financially, and most importantly observing and recording what he saw, foibles and all. For his extensive and unique contribution to the fabric of life in Seattle, the Seattle-King County Association of Realtors named Henry Broderick First Citizen of 1952.
File 7701: Full Text >

Buxbaum, Edith (1902-1982), Psychoanalyst

The Viennese-born psychoanalyst Edith Buxbaum, author of Your Child Makes Sense (1949) and Troubled Children in a Troubled World (1970), arrived in Seattle on January 1, 1947. She was a leading psychoanalyst here for more than 30 years and was a principal founder of the Seattle Psychoanalytic Institute (later renamed Seattle Institute of Psychoanalysis [SIP]). She served as its Child Analysis Division Head and as Clinical Professor of Psychiatry at the University of Washington. Her devotion to children, her desire to improve the quality of their lives and, thus, better the world, by emphasizing the child's individuality and creativity -- with more listening, less discipline, a nuclear family with the mother preferably at home -- informed her philosophy and practice.
File 3674: Full Text >

Congregation Machzikay Hadath

Congregation Machzikay Hadath (Jewish) was incorporated on March 11, 1930. Machzikay Hadath was founded to be more strictly orthodox than any congregation in the city. On October 7, 1979, Machzikay Hadath approved a merger with Bikur Cholim.
File 669: Full Text >

Eckstein, Nathan (1873-1945)

Nathan Eckstein was a prominent Seattle citizen who came to the region after being in the grocery business for 10 years in New York. He married Mina Schwabacher in 1902 and served as vice president and then chief executive officer of Schwabachers and Co., one of the oldest business houses in Seattle. He was a member of the Seattle School Board (1913-1920), chairman of the Washington State Tax Commission (1921-1922), Campaign Chairman for the Seattle Community Fund which was the forerunner of United Way (1924, 1925), and a member of the commission to revise the City Charter (1925). On acceptance of the 1926 "Seattle's Most Useful Citizen" award, Nathan Eckstein stated "To be a useful citizen is more than a duty, it is a high privilege." Nathan Eckstein Junior High is named after him.
File 1644: Full Text >

Furth, Jacob (1840-1914)

Jacob Furth played a pivotal role in the development of Seattle's public transportation and electric power infrastructure, and he was the founder of Seattle National Bank. As the agent for the utilities firm Stone & Webster, he consolidated the city's random independent streetcar lines into Seattle Electric. He was a member of Seattle's first synagogue, Ohaveth Sholum, and Temple de Hirsch.
File 87: Full Text >

Galland, Caroline Rosenberg Kline (1841-1907)

Caroline Rosenberg Kline Galland, an early and important Seattle philanthropist, devoted her life to serving the community. Her will bequeathed funds for a home for the Jewish aged and for other charities, including a tuberculosis hospital. The Caroline Kline Galland Center has served the Jewish aged for more than 80 Years.
File 544: Full Text >

Gatzert, Bailey (1829-1893)

In 1875, Bailey Gatzert became the first and to date (2005) only Jewish mayor of Seattle. Gatzert was partner and general manager of Schwabacher and Co., one of Seattle's earliest hardware and general mercantile stores, later to become the start of wholesale trade in Seattle. He was involved in many business and civic ventures critical to the establishment of early Seattle commerce and infrastructure. He was married to Babette (Schwabacher) Gatzert.
File 86: Full Text >

Haas, Saul (1896-1972)

Saul Haas left the New York ghetto for the Pacific Northwest with ambitious dreams that he realized more than most in a full, occasionally controversial life as a journalist, political activist, and pioneering broadcaster. The founder of KIRO radio and a power in Washington Democratic politics, Haas was complex and contradictory, self-educated and variously described as brilliant, irascible, compassionate, and a benevolent despot -- or sometimes not so benevolent. Haas managed two successful campaigns for U. S. Senator Homer T. Bone (1883-1970), and spent 18 months in the senator's office before returning to Seattle as Collector of Customs, a post he held from 1933 until 1945. Haas and Bone together mentored another up-and-coming politician -- Warren G. Magnuson (1905-1989). While building KIRO into a powerful station, he remained immersed in politics, serving as state director of the Democratic National Campaign Committee. Haas saw great promise in public television as an educational tool and in 1968 was appointed to the Corporation for Public Broadcasting's first board of directors. He had a lifelong empathy for the underprivileged and formed the Saul and Dayee G. Haas Foundation to aid needy students.
File 5632: Full Text >

Hadassah, Seattle Chapter

Hadassah, a Jewish women's organization, was founded with the goals of fostering Zionist ideals in America through education and to begin public health nursing and nurses' training in Palestine. Gisell Herzog of Montreal, on a visit to Seattle, founded the Seattle chapter of Hadassah in April 1923.
File 972: Full Text >

Hebrew Free Loan Association

The Hebrew Education and Free Loan Association, incorporated in 1914, had the purpose of providing interest-free loans to Seattle's needy. The initial membership of the organization was 60, with dues at 50 cents per month. Membership grew to 125 in the organization's first year. In 1979 the organization's name changed to Hebrew Free Loan Association.
File 668: Full Text >

Hebrew Ladies Free Loan Society

The Hebrew Ladies Free Loan Society grew out of a whist (card game) and sewing club established in 1909 by women from Bikur Cholim synagague. Bikur Cholim's rabbi refused to accept the women's offer of "gambling money" from the club's treasury, so the women formed a loan society to give free loans to needy Jews. Today the Hebrew Ladies Free Loan Society is administered by the Jewish Family Service.
File 974: Full Text >

Herzl-Ner Tamid Conservative Congregation (Seattle)

Seattle's Herzl-Ner Tamid Conservative Congregation, originally called Herzl's congregation, was named after Theodore Herzl (1860-1904), founder of the World Zionist Organization. It incorporated on September 16, 1906. Until 1970, the congregation was located in Seattle's Central Area. Originally an Orthodox Sephardic synagogue, Herzl voted to modernize in 1929, joining the middle of Judaism's three major branches -- Orthodox, Conservative, and Reformed. In the late 1960s, the congregation decided to move to Mercer Island, in Lake Washington, and to merge with the Ner Tamid Conservative congregation. In the early twenty-first century, Herzl-Ner Tamid is the largest and oldest Conservative congregation in Seattle, and conducts traditional services with modern adaptations.
File 112: Full Text >

Israel, Samuel (1899-1994)

Sam Israel was the largest private owner of properties in downtown Seattle and in Pioneer Square, a slum landlord credited with preserving much of Seattle's architectural heritage because of what has been termed his benign neglect. In addition to the 40 properties he owned in Seattle, 14 of which were in Pioneer Square, he had acquired land in Seattle neighborhoods, on Mercer Island, and thousands of acres in Grant, Snohomish, Whatcom, Jefferson, Kitsap, and Grays Harbor counties.
File 9307: Full Text >

Jewish Community of Spokane

The first synagogue in the state opened in Spokane in 1892, but the city's Jewish history began even before the little village of Spokane Falls existed. In 1879, Indians told Simon Berg, the first known Jewish resident, that he was not the first "egg-eater" they had met. Apparently, other Jewish traders observing the kosher dietary rules had visited before. Berg built a store in tiny Spokane Falls in 1879 and by 1885 he had been joined by at least a dozen other Jewish merchants. The town's first Jewish services were held in a private home in 1885. In 1890, the Jewish community met to organize a Reform congregation, called Congregation Emanu-El. On September 14, 1892, they dedicated their synagogue, Temple Emanu-El, the first in the state by four days, since Seattle's Ohaveth Sholum opened within a week. Jewish merchants and financiers played a key role in the development of Spokane during its early decades. A second congregation, the Orthodox Keneseth Israel congregation was formed in 1901. Both congregations thrived until they merged in 1966 and built a new, modern temple, the Temple Beth Shalom. It remains the center of Spokane's Jewish community today. The city's Jewish population has remained steady through the decade, yet is estimated at less than 1 percent of the metropolitan area's population.
File 8640: Full Text >

Jewish Community of Walla Walla

Although the history of Judaism in the Far West is largely connected with the development of urban centers, Jews did move to and settle small towns on the frontier. The first wave of Jewish immigration into Washington Territory was connected with the California gold rush. The second was connected with the large immigration of Eastern European Jewry in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. These waves first reached the coast and then moved toward the interior. Each reached the small town of Walla Walla, which emerged in the 1860s as a supply center for gold prospectors and then became an important agricultural center. Each wave contributed to the eventual growth of a Jewish community in Southeastern Washington. In the late 1930s, formal Jewish institutions were established in Walla Walla, including a synagogue, Congregation Beth Israel Myer Youdovitch Memorial.
File 9842: Full Text >

< Show previous 20 | Show Next 20 >

Showing 1 - 20 of 50 results

Schwabacher Brothers open store in Walla Walla in the fall of 1860.

In the fall of 1860, the Schwabacher brothers, including Louis (1837-1900), Sigmund (1841-1917), and Abraham (1838-1909), open a store in the small town of Walla Walla on the corner of Main and 3rd streets. Although shops had been established to supply Fort Walla Walla, the Schwabachers move to the area is intended largely to supply prospectors en route to gold mines in the eastern part of the territory. After establishing and expanding their store in Walla Walla, the brothers will extend their operations into Western Washington. The store in Walla Walla will remain in operation until 1910, when the Schwabacher family will sell its interest in it. The successor store, Gardner & Co, will remain open until 1980.
File 9843: Full Text >

Marcus Oppenheimer, eponym of Marcus, Washington, settles on the Columbia River near the Canadian border in 1862.

In 1862, Marcus Oppenheimer (1834-1901) settles on the Columbia River near the Canadian border in what will be Stevens County. He opens a store to purvey goods to miners traveling north to Canada, and he and his brothers, Joseph and Samuel, eventually diversify into steamboats, freight lines, and flour milling. He is the only Jewish immigrant to Washington to have a town named after him.
File 8232: Full Text >

Schwabacher Bros. & Company opens Seattle branch in Autumn 1869.

On October 11, 1869, the firm Schwabacher Bros. & Company first advertises merchandise purveyed in their Seattle store. The store, which is to become a longstanding and important Seattle enterprise, offers for sale clothing, boots and shoes, hardware, groceries, cigars, liquors, crockery, and ship chandlery. The Seattle branch of Schwabacher Bros. & Company is managed by firm partner Bailey Gatzert (1829-1893), a key figure in Seattle commercial and social life.
File 2037: Full Text >

Jewish governor of Washington Territory Edward Salomon takes office in the spring of 1870.

In the spring of 1870, Edward S. Salomon (1836-1913) takes office as governor of Washington Territory. He serves from the spring of 1870 to the spring of 1872. As of 2003, he has been Washington's only Jewish governor.
File 5243: Full Text >

Schwabacher's erects Seattle's first brick building on October 24, 1872.

On about October 24, 1872, Seattle's first brick building, constructed by Schwabacher Bros. & Company is completed. It stands on the west side of Commercial Street (1st Avenue S) just south of Mill Street (Yesler Way). In it Schwabacher's opens a general store and wholesale house which purveys everything "from a needle to an anchor." The Seattle branch of Schwabacher Bros. & Company is managed by firm partner Bailey Gatzert (1829-1893), an important figure in Seattle commercial and social life.
File 1962: Full Text >

Bailey Gatzert is elected mayor of Seattle on August 2, 1875.

On August 2, 1875, Bailey Gatzert (1829-1893) is elected as the first and to date (2005) only Jewish mayor of Seattle.
File 95: Full Text >

Seattle Jews found B'nai B'rith Lodge No. 342, a fraternal organization, in 1883.

In 1883, Seattle Jews found B'nai B'rith Lodge No. 342, a Jewish fraternal organization. American Jews founded the parent organization in October 1843 in New York City to provide service to their own people and to humanity at large (Columbia Encyclopedia). Seattle's B'nai B'rith Lodge No. 342 is predecessor to the present-day Greater Seattle B'nai B'rith Lodge No. 3003, which in turn forms part of the largest Jewish service organization in the world. B'nai B'rith's divisions include the Hillel Foundation (for Jewish college students), the Anti-Defamation League (a civil-rights organization), and B'nai B'rith Women. B'nai B'rith has about 500,000 members in 58 countries, with headquarters in Washington D.C.
File 96: Full Text >

Seattle Jews hold first documented High Holiday services in September 1887.

In September 1887, Seattle's Jewish residents hold the first documented High Holiday services (Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur) at the Knights of Pythias Hall in the Opera House Building at the northeast corner of Front Street (now 1st Avenue) and Marion Street.
File 97: Full Text >

Ohaveth Sholum Congregation, Seattle's first Jewish congregation, is established on July 25, 1889.

On July 25, 1889, Ohaveth Sholum Congregation, Seattle's first Jewish congregation, is established in time for the High Holiday services that year.
File 98: Full Text >

Chevra Bikur Cholim incorporates in Seattle on November 17, 1891.

On November 17, 1891, in Seattle, Chevra Bikur Cholim (Hebrew: Society for Visiting the Sick) incorporates with the purpose of caring for the sick and providing proper burial. This is the origin of the religious congregation Bikur Cholim-Machzikay Hadath.
File 99: Full Text >

Esther Levy organizes the Ladies Hebrew Benevolent Society, predecessor of Jewish Family Service, on March 7, 1892.

On March 7, 1892, Esther Levy (1839-1920) calls together 37 women to form the Ladies Hebrew Benevolent Society, Seattle's first Jewish welfare society. She and her daughter, Lizzie Cooper (d. 1915), are the prime movers of the society. The society incorporates and is predecessor of the Puget Sound area's Jewish Family Service. In 1900 Lizzie Cooper will succeed her mother as president of the board.
File 100: Full Text >

The first synagogue in the state, Spokane's Temple Emanu-El, is dedicated on September 14, 1892.

On September 14, 1892, the first synagogue in Washington is dedicated by Spokane's Temple Emanu-El, a Reform Jewish congregation organized two years earlier. This makes the frame building at 3rd Avenue and Madison Street the first synagogue in the state, but just barely. Seattle's Ohaveth Sholum will be dedicated just four days later.
File 8608: Full Text >

First synagogue in Seattle opens on September 18, 1892.

On September 18, 1892, Congregation Ohaveth Sholum opens the first synagogue in Seattle at 8th Avenue and Seneca Street in Seattle. (Alternate spellings are Ohaveth Shalem and Ohaveth Shalom.) The new building is filled to capacity with 680 persons for the dedication ceremony. Several hundred others cannot gain admission. Congregation Ohaveth Sholum opens a few days after Temple Emanuel opens at 3rd and Madison streets in Spokane on September 14.
File 5546: Full Text >

Goldie Schucklin founds Ladies Montefiore Aid, a welfare organization, in 1895.

In 1895, in Seattle, Goldie Schucklin, an ardent fundraiser and dedicated Jewish community volunteer, founds the Ladies Montefiore Aid, a welfare organization. The Society was active until 1936, when the founder died.
File 101: Full Text >

A Jewish community is inaugurated in the gold camp at Republic on June 2, 1898.

On June 2, 1898, M. H. Joseph arrives in Republic, located in Ferry County in North Central Washington. Joseph arrives along with another Jewish man, Simon Bazinski, and they begin what will eventually become a significant Jewish presence in this remote gold mining town. Other Jewish families, lured by ads in Yiddish newspapers, arrive over the next 12 years. Later a colony of Jewish farmers will arrive from Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, and found a cooperative agricultural community. The Jewish presence in Republic will have dissipated by 1936.
File 9054: Full Text >

Temple de Hirsch is founded in Seattle on May 29, 1899.

On May 29, 1899, Temple de Hirsch is founded in Seattle on principles of reform Jewish thought. Today (2005), it is the largest Reform congregation in the Pacific Northwest.
File 102: Full Text >

Congregation Keneseth Israel organizes as Spokane's first Orthodox Jewish congregation on April 1, 1901.

On April 1, 1901, a number of people in Spokane's growing Orthodox Jewish population meet and organize into a congregation of 22 members, each paying 50 cents in monthly dues. They obtain an official charter on May 3, 1901, and begin to raise money for their own synagogue. The Keneseth Israel Synagogue is finished in 1909 and becomes the congregation's home until 1966, when it merges with the city's other main Jewish congregation and becomes Temple Beth Shalom.
File 8643: Full Text >

Sephardic Jews arrive in Seattle in 1902.

In 1902, the first two Sephardic Jews (of Spanish origin), Jacob (Jack) Policar (d. 1961) and Solomon Calvo (1879-1964), arrive in Seattle from the island of Marmara, Turkey.
File 111: Full Text >

Russian Jews in Seattle number 1,000 on February 12, 1905.

On February 12, 1905, Russian Jews in Seattle number approximately 1,000. Some of the immigrants operate second-hand shops on Railroad Avenue between Main and Washington streets which are "picturesque in the extreme" (Seattle Post-Intelligencer). Shops occupy six or eight frame buildings where the merchants live with their families.
File 3601: Full Text >

Settlement House is founded in Seattle in 1906.

In 1906, the Seattle Section of the National Council of Jewish Women (NCJW) founded Settlement House (renamed Neighborhood House in 1947).
File 563: Full Text >

< Show previous 20 | Show Next 20 >

Showing 1 - 1 of 1 results

Helfgott, Anna (1899-1996)

Anna Helfgott was a vigorous activist for progressive causes and a leader in Seattle's Gray Panthers. In her working years she was a dressmaker and fitter, and was an early member of the International Ladies Garment Workers Union (ILGWU). This obituary was written by Marge Leuders and is reprinted from the Gray Panthers of Seattle Newsletter.
File 4020: Full Text >

< Show previous 20 | Show Next 20 >
Home About Us Contact Us Education Bookstore Tourism Advanced Search is the first online encyclopedia of local and state history created expressly for the Internet. (SM) is a free public and educational resource produced by History Ink, a 501 (c) (3) tax-exempt corporation.
Contact us by phone at 206.447.8140, by mail at Historylink, 1411 4th Ave. Suite 803, Seattle WA 98101 or email