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St. Anne's Mission Church of Tulalip celebrates 100 years of service on December 15, 1957. Essay 9049 : Printer-Friendly Format

At 11 a.m. on December 15, 1957, St. Anne's Mission Church at Tulalip conducts a special Mass to commemorate the centennial of the arrival of Fathers Eugene Casimir Chirouse (1821-1892) and Paul Durieu (1830-1899) to the Tulalip reservation and their establishment of St. Anne's. Participants include celebrant Rev. August Royer and Sisters from Providence Juniorate, chanters of the Mass. The sermon is given by Rev. Edmund Long, pastor of Perpetual Help Church of Everett and a former pastor of St. Mary's Parish in Marysville.

Looking Back

The Oblates of Mary Immaculate (O.M.I.) -- including Eugene Casimir Chirouse (1821-1892) -- established missions among the Walla Walla and Yakama Indians in 1847. As the hostilities that eventually led to the Yakima Indian War (1855) increased, the Oblates were recalled to Olympia for their safety and reassigned. Father Chirouse was given charge of the Puget Sound region and based at Tulalip from 1857 to 1878.

With the help of Indians at Tulalip, Father Chirouse picked a site and built a simple log structure that served as lodging for himself and Father Paul Durieu, a school, and  St. Anne's Mission. Government funding of a school for Puget Sound Indians had been part of the 1855 Point Elliott Treaty promise, but when money was not given, the Missionary Oblates began their own school.

Chirouse learned the native Lushootseed language and incorporated it into services, and he compiled an English-Lushootseed dictionary. He and Father Durieu ministered throughout the region that is now Snohomish, Island, Skagit, Whatcom, and San Juan counties. The people of Tulalip were fond of Chirouse and were saddened when, in 1878, due to his advancing years, he was transferred to British Columbia. He died there in 1892. 

Recovering Lost Culture

The federal government assumed control of the Indian Boarding schools in 1901, and a new school was built. But it was government policy to strongly repress native culture in all its aspects, and students were not allowed to speak their tribal language or to practice tribal customs. The government school operated until 1932. These long years of government oppression left permanent scars on Tulalip tribal members. 

On May 11, 2008, for the first time in decades, Mass at St. Anne’s was spoken partially in Lushootseed. The language had been nearly lost, and the Tulalip Tribes have spent years resurrecting it. Special services incorporating Lushootseed continue at St. Anne’s, with one celebrated on Mother’s Day, May 10, 2009.  

“100th Anniversary of Father Chirouse's Arrival To Be Commemorated on Sunday,” Everett Daily Herald, December 10, 1957, p. 2; “St. Anne's Church To Note 100th Year in Area Sunday,” Ibid., December 14, 1957, p. 6;  Krista Kapralos, “Tulalip Ancestors’ Language Alive in Spirit: A Mass in the Tulalip Tribes’ ancient language is meant to celebrate the blending of culture and faith,” The Herald, May 17, 2008, p. B-1.

Travel through time (chronological order):
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Related Topics: American Indians | Northwest Indians | Religion |

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License

Major Support for Provided By: The State of Washington | Patsy Bullitt Collins | Paul G. Allen Family Foundation | Museum Of History & Industry | 4Culture (King County Lodging Tax Revenue) | City of Seattle | City of Bellevue | City of Tacoma | King County | The Peach Foundation | Microsoft Corporation, Other Public and Private Sponsors and Visitors Like You

This essay made possible by:
The State of Washington
Washington Department of Archaeology and Historic Preservation

Father Chirouse posing with students at Tulalip Indian School, Tulalip, 1865
Photo by W. F. Robertson, Courtesy UW Special Collections (Neg No. NA1498)

St. Anne's Catholic Mission, Tulalip, October 19, 2008 Photo by Margaret Riddle

Father Eugene Casimir Chirouse (1821-1892)
Courtesy The Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate

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