Fred Hutchinson James Delmage Ross Dixy Lee Ray George W. Bush Hazel Wolf Henry M Jackson Warren G. Magnuson Home
Search Encyclopedia
Facebook
Advanced Search
Featured Eassy Sponsor of the Week Book Store Donate Now
Home About Us Contact Us Education Bookstore Tourism Advanced Search
6857 HistoryLink.org essays now available      
Donate Subscribe

Shortcuts

Libraries
Cyberpedias Cyberpedias
Timeline Essays Timeline Essays
People's Histories People's Histories

Selected Collections
Cities & Towns Cities & Towns
County Thumbnails Counties
Biographies Biographies
Interactive Cybertours Interactive Cybertours
Slide Shows Slideshows
Public Ports Public Ports
Audio & Video Audio & Video

Research Shortcuts

Map Searches
Alphabetical Search
Timeline Date Search
Topic Search

Features

Book of the Fortnight
Audio/Video Enhanced
History Bookshelf
Klondike Gold Rush Database
Duvall Newspaper Index
Wellington Scrapbook

More History

Washington FAQs
Washington Milestones
Honor Rolls
Columbia Basin
Everett
Olympia
Seattle
Spokane
Tacoma
Walla Walla
Roads & Rails

Timeline Library

< Browse to Previous Essay | Browse to Next Essay >

The old Lowell Paper Mill's smokestack is ceremoniously dynamited, ending an era, on February 9, 1974.

HistoryLink.org Essay 8564 : Printer-Friendly Format

On February 9, 1974, a crowd gathers in Lowell (part of Everett) to witness and record the historic finale to pulp and paper production in the town. The demise of this industry in Lowell is noted with the dynamiting of the Lowell Paper Mill's smokestack.  The area is covered in fog that day, making the smokestack nearly invisible. The explosion adds a cloud of smoke that quickly merges with the fog.

The Lowell Paper Mill

When Washington became a state in 1889, Lowell pioneer E. D. Smith (1837-1909) was quick to capitalize on the potential for growth and began expanding his own operations in Lowell. By this time he owned nearly 5,000 acres of land, part of which was on the peninsula that would soon become Everett. Smith sold 1200 acres to the Everett Land Company, a group of wealthy investors that included John D. Rockefeller (1839-1937). Smith then donated 500 acres in Lowell to the Land Company, designating that it be used for industry. He then negotiated with Tacoma lumberman and Everett developer Henry Hewitt Jr. (1840-1918) to establish a $400,000 paper mill (Puget Sound Pulp and Paper Company) at the Lowell site. The paper mill was one of four major industries upon which the Everett development was initially built. While the other three had short lives, the Everett Pulp and Paper Mill continued for more than 80 years, closing in the early 1970s.

The paper mill was Lowell’s economic center. Many Lowell residents were mill workers and, over the decades, paper mill executives such as William Howarth (1864-1937) and Howarth’s successor William Pilz (1887-1953) were considered to be generous philanthropic men who earned much community respect. A story lingers that when John D. Rockefeller divested himself of his interests in the Everett area, he kept the paper mill running solely due to his respect for Mr. Howarth, who he put in charge (Anson Moody).

A Good Place to Work

Although the company was not unionized until the 1930s, workers before that time still considered it to be a “good place to work” (Angelo Canonica). Over the years the smokestack was modified and company name changed: Puget Sound Pulp and Paper Company became the Everett Pulp and Paper Company in the early 1900s and then in the 1955 it was called Simpson Paper Company and later Simpson-Lee Paper Company. But under any name, residents of Everett and Lowell usually called it the Lowell Paper Mill.

Everett Public Library librarian and Lowell historian Hazel Clark attended the ceremonial dynamiting and left this account:

“On February 9, 1974, the old smokestack which had been a landmark towering above the skyline for at least 50 years was to have a big farewell party when it was to be dynamited. The morning of February 9 dawned -- dull, gloomy and with a dense fog, but even then the hillsides and streets in Lowell were swarming with onlookers armed with cameras, to await the heralded dynamiting. Unfortunately the fog didn’t lift, and only the thud of the blast, the shudder as the towering chimney hit the earth, and a ghostly shadow slowing sinking in the heavy fog were all the evidences of what was to be a history-making event” (Hazel Clark).

Sources:
Don Berry, The Lowell Story: A Community History (Everett: The Lowell Civic Association, 1985), 25-44; Hazel Clark, Lowell Remembered (Lowell: The Lowell Civic Group, 1977), 30; David Dilgard and Margaret Riddle interview with Anson Moody, June 1977, oral history files, Northwest Room, Everett Public Library, Everett; David Dilgard and Margaret Riddle interview with Angelo “Razz” Canonica, February 13, 1975, oral history files, Northwest Room, Everett Public Library, Everett, Washington.


Travel through time (chronological order):
< Browse to Previous Essay | Browse to Next Essay >

Related Topics: Industry | Buildings |

Licensing: This essay is licensed under a Creative Commons license that encourages reproduction with attribution. Credit should be given to both HistoryLink.org and to the author, and sources must be included with any reproduction. Click the icon for more info. Please note that this Creative Commons license applies to text only, and not to images. For more information regarding individual photos or images, please contact the source noted in the image credit.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License


Major Support for HistoryLink.org Provided By: The State of Washington | Patsy Bullitt Collins | Paul G. Allen Family Foundation | Museum Of History & Industry | 4Culture (King County Lodging Tax Revenue) | City of Seattle | City of Bellevue | City of Tacoma | King County | The Peach Foundation | Microsoft Corporation, Other Public and Private Sponsors and Visitors Like You


This essay made possible by:
Henry M. Jackson Foundation


Aerial of the Lowell Paper Mill, Lowell, ca. 1950s
Courtesy Everett Public Library


Everett Pulp and Paper Company, Lowell, ca. 1898-1901
Photo by G. W. Kirk, Courtesy Everett Public Library (Image No. 0303)


Wire stitcher employed at Lowell Paper Mill, Lowell, ca. 1915
Photo by Ferdinand Brady, Courtesy Everett Public Library


Employees at the Lowell Paper Mill, Lowell, ca. 1915
Photo by Ferdinand Brady, Courtesy Everett Public Library


 
Home About Us Contact Us Education Bookstore Tourism Advanced Search

HistoryLink.org is the first online encyclopedia of local and state history created expressly for the Internet. (SM)
HistoryLink.org is a free public and educational resource produced by History Ink, a 501 (c) (3) tax-exempt corporation.
Contact us by phone at 206.447.8140, by mail at Historylink, 1411 4th Ave. Suite 803, Seattle WA 98101 or email admin@historylink.org