William O. Douglas Betty Bowen Carl Maxey Chief Joseph Bertha Landes Buffalo Soldier Home
Search Encyclopedia
Facebook
Advanced Search
Donate Now! Book Store Featured Eassy Sponsor of the Week
Home About Us Contact Us Education Bookstore Tourism Advanced Search
6771 HistoryLink.org essays now available      
Donate Subscribe

Shortcuts

Libraries
Cyberpedias Cyberpedias
Timeline Essays Timeline Essays
People's Histories People's Histories

Selected Collections
Cities & Towns Cities & Towns
County Thumbnails Counties
Biographies Biographies
Interactive Cybertours Interactive Cybertours
Slide Shows Slideshows
Public Ports Public Ports
Audio & Video Audio & Video

Research Shortcuts

Map Searches
Alphabetical Search
Timeline Date Search
Topic Search

Features

Book of the Fortnight
Audio/Video Enhanced
History Bookshelf
Klondike Gold Rush Database
Duvall Newspaper Index
Wellington Scrapbook

More History

Washington FAQs
Washington Milestones
Honor Rolls
Columbia Basin
Everett
Olympia
Seattle
Spokane
Tacoma
Walla Walla
Roads & Rails

Timeline Library

< Browse to Previous Essay | Browse to Next Essay >

Captive orca whale Namu arrives in Seattle on July 27, 1965.

HistoryLink.org Essay 2718 : Printer-Friendly Format

On July 27, 1965, the world's first captive orca whale arrives in Elliott Bay for display at the private Seattle Marine Aquarium on Pier 56. The massive whale had become entangled in fishing nets in Namu Bay, British Columbia, on June 25, and was later purchased by aquarium owner Ted Griffin and towed to Seattle in a floating pen.

Griffin, an avid diver who also owned a local heating oil company, paid $8,000 to the fishermen who had inadvertently ensnared the animal, and much more to tow it south to Elliott Bay. The 12-ton mammal initially attracted large crowds to Griffin's aquarium, where it consumed 400 pounds of salmon each day. It also drew protests and helped to launch a successful movement to protect whales, dolphins, and other marine mammals from capture and exploitation.

Namu died in his pen on July 9, 1966. The whale's skull and teeth were later given to Seattle's Burke Museum by the Tawanka group of the Camp Fire Girls, which received them from Lloyd's of London, Namu's insurance underwriters.

Although Griffin displayed other ceteacea, including a juvenile orca, they could not sustain his aquarium into the 1970s.

Emilie (Gamache) Leming, daughter of Ted Griffin's partner John (Mel) Gamache (1922-1999), remembers Namu very well:

"... my father, John (Mel) Gamache was Ted Griffin's partner in that venture. Ted owned 51 percent of the stock and my father the rest. My Dad had run his own company starting in the 1950s called Aquarium Maintenance, which was the first of its kind in the concept of setting up and maintaining aquariums in restaurants (the huge L-shaped salt water tank at the Wharf), in doctor's and dentist's offices, etc. Nowadays it's a very competitive industry.

"I worked in the ticket booth at the Seattle Aquarium when Namu was there. It was between my Junior and Senior years of high school at Holy Names Academy. I remember distinctly the night Namu died ... driving home to Bellevue, going around the "bump" in the floating bridge in my VW with such tears in my eyes I could hardly drive. It was like losing a family member!

My father worked very hard in those days to support a family of seven children of which I was the eldest. I remember going to Ted Griffin's home on the island ... years later he would become a shell of the man he had been ... regretting the capture and death of Namu ... I believe it haunts him to this day, as it does myself. My father passed away recently but I just wanted it noted for the record, one of his many contributions to the history of Seattle."

The city-owned Seattle Aquarium, which opened in 1977, has never displayed orca or other cetacea, which now enjoy federal and international protection.

Sources:
Walt Crowley, Rites of Passage, A Memoir of the Sixties in Seattle (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1995); Ronald M. Fisher, Namu: Making Friends with a Killer Whale (Washington D.C.: National Geographic Society, 1973); Emilie (Gamache) Leming to HistoryLink.org, July 27, 2001; "Museum Plans to Exhibit Whale, Namu," The Seattle Times, October 26, 1967.
Note: This file was updated on June 12, 2007, and corrected on September 2, 2009.


Travel through time (chronological order):
< Browse to Previous Essay | Browse to Next Essay >

Related Topics: Environment | Maritime |

Licensing: This essay is licensed under a Creative Commons license that encourages reproduction with attribution. Credit should be given to both HistoryLink.org and to the author, and sources must be included with any reproduction. Click the icon for more info. Please note that this Creative Commons license applies to text only, and not to images. For more information regarding individual photos or images, please contact the source noted in the image credit.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License


Major Support for HistoryLink.org Provided By: The State of Washington | Patsy Bullitt Collins | Paul G. Allen Family Foundation | Museum Of History & Industry | 4Culture (King County Lodging Tax Revenue) | City of Seattle | City of Bellevue | City of Tacoma | King County | The Peach Foundation | Microsoft Corporation, Other Public and Private Sponsors and Visitors Like You




Namu performs in Seattle, 1966
Postcard


Namu, in floating pen, arrives at Pier 56 Seattle Marine Aquarium, July 27, 1965
Courtesy National Geographic Society


Aquarium owner Ted Griffin feeding Namu in his Pier 56 pen, Seattle
Courtesy National Geographic Society


Display of captive killer whale Namu inspired protests, Seattle, 1965
Courtesy National Geographic Society


 
Home About Us Contact Us Education Bookstore Tourism Advanced Search

HistoryLink.org is the first online encyclopedia of local and state history created expressly for the Internet. (SM)
HistoryLink.org is a free public and educational resource produced by History Ink, a 501 (c) (3) tax-exempt corporation.
Contact us by phone at 206.447.8140, by mail at Historylink, 1411 4th Ave. Suite 803, Seattle WA 98101 or email admin@historylink.org