Jimi Hendrix Clara McCarty Captain Robert Gray Anna Louise StrongAnna Louise Strong Bailey Gatzert Home WWII Women Pilots
Search Encyclopedia
Facebook
Advanced Search
Featured Eassy Book Store Donate Now
Home About Us Contact Us Education Bookstore Tourism Advanced Search
6892 HistoryLink.org essays now available      
Donate Subscribe

Shortcuts

Libraries
Cyberpedias Cyberpedias
Timeline Essays Timeline Essays
People's Histories People's Histories

Selected Collections
Cities & Towns Cities & Towns
County Thumbnails Counties
Biographies Biographies
Interactive Cybertours Interactive Cybertours
Slide Shows Slideshows
Public Ports Public Ports
Audio & Video Audio & Video

Research Shortcuts

Map Searches
Alphabetical Search
Timeline Date Search
Topic Search

Features

Book of the Fortnight
Audio/Video Enhanced
History Bookshelf
Klondike Gold Rush Database
Duvall Newspaper Index
Wellington Scrapbook

More History

Washington FAQs
Washington Milestones
Honor Rolls
Columbia Basin
Everett
Olympia
Seattle
Spokane
Tacoma
Walla Walla
Roads & Rails

Cyberpedia Library

< Browse to Previous Essay | Browse to Next Essay >

Seattle Central Waterfront, Part 2: From Coal to Containers, Piers 46, 47, and 48

HistoryLink.org Essay 2481 : Printer-Friendly Format

Piers 46 and 47 are located south of Pioneer Square and Pier 48 is located directly west of Pioneer Square. Piers 46 and 47 serve as the Port of Seattle's vast loading apron for containers. Pier 48 is currently (2004) vacant pending possible expansion of the Washington State Ferry Terminal to the north, but visitors can find giant periscopes on its south side offering magnified views of the Port's container activity.

Reclaiming the Tideflats

When Seattle's founders settled on a small, level spit of land called Piner's Point in 1852, the area south and east of present-day King Street was flanked by tideflats. Before this was reclaimed by filling, developers built railroad trestles to transport coal and other freight to ocean-going vessels.

As the tideflats were drained and filled, the area south of Pioneer Square supported shipbuilding, including the yard of Robert Moran, who prospered during and after the 1897-1898 Klondike Gold Rush, and became home to Seattle's transcontinental railroad terminals.

During the Great Depression of the 1930s, unemployed workers built a shantytown called Hooverville in the area. The shantytown remained in existence for 10 years, until it burned down in 1941. By then World War II was underway, and the Depression was fading away.

The Container Revolution

In the 1960s, the Port of Seattle made a farsighted commitment to handling containerized cargo and redeveloped Piers 46 and 47 into a loading area for container ships.

The Port built the adjacent park in the 1970s. Its neighboring Washington Street Boat Landing was built in 1920 to house Seattle's harbor master and restored 50 years later as a landmark.

From Yesler's Mill to the Sea

The present Pier 48 sits in the area occupied by the original center of Seattle’s maritime trade -- a wharf extending from the foot of Mill Street (now Yesler Way). The wharf, built by Henry Yesler in 1852, was destroyed by the Great Fire of 1889. It was replaced by Piers 50 and 51 (known as Piers 1 and 2 in pioneer days), built by the Northern Pacific Railroad, and later operated by the Alaska Steamship Company. These piers were removed in the 1960s to accommodate the needs of the Washington State Ferry System.

Pier 48 was finished in the mid-1930s and taken over by the Port of Seattle in 1950 to serve a variety of shippers. Between 1967 and 1989, Pier 48 was the Seattle terminal for the ferries of the Alaska Marine Highway System, and later accommodated summer steamship service to Vancouver, British Columbia.

The pier currently (2004) provides berthing for trawlers and other large vessels. Its future, however, may rely more on its excellent proximity and access to the south end of the city's downtown. The Port and Washington State Ferries are jointly investigating a renovated and reconfigured ferry terminal at Colman Dock and Pier 48, reviving an earlier effort stalled due to a loss of funding.

Sources:
Clarence B. Bagley, History of Seattle (Chicago: S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1916) and History of King County (Chicago: S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1929); Richard C. Berner, Seattle in the 20th Century, Vols. 1, 2 & 3 (Seattle: Charles Press, 1991, 1992 & 1999); Padraic Burke et al., Pioneers and Partnerships: A History of the Port of Seattle (Seattle: Port of Seattle, 1995); Walt Crowley, National Trust Guide: Seattle (New York: Preservation Press, 1998); Paul Dorpat, Seattle Now & Then, Vols. I, II & III (Seattle: Tartu Press, 1984, 1988 & 1989); Edmond S. Meany, History of the State of Washington (New York: MacMillan Company, Publishers, 1950); Murray Morgan, Skid Road (New York: Viking, 1951); David J. Olson et al., Port in a Storm: An Historical Review of the Founding of the Port of Seattle (Seattle: Port of Seattle, 1970); Roger Sale, Seattle: Past & Present (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1976); James R. Warren, King County and its Queen City: Seattle (Woodland Hills, CA: Windsor Publications, Inc., 1981).


< Browse to Previous Essay | Browse to Next Essay >

Special Suite: Port of Seattle |

Related Topics: Martime | Seattle Neighborhoods | Recreation |

Licensing: This essay is licensed under a Creative Commons license that encourages reproduction with attribution. Credit should be given to both HistoryLink.org and to the author, and sources must be included with any reproduction. Click the icon for more info. Please note that this Creative Commons license applies to text only, and not to images. For more information regarding individual photos or images, please contact the source noted in the image credit.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License


Major Support for HistoryLink.org Provided By: The State of Washington | Patsy Bullitt Collins | Paul G. Allen Family Foundation | Museum Of History & Industry | 4Culture (King County Lodging Tax Revenue) | City of Seattle | City of Bellevue | City of Tacoma | King County | The Peach Foundation | Microsoft Corporation, Other Public and Private Sponsors and Visitors Like You


This essay made possible by:
Port of Seattle


Port of Seattle cranes, Duwamish Waterway, Seattle skyline, September 2001
HistoryLink.org Photo by Priscilla Long


Artist's depiction of Piner's Point during 1856 Battle of Seattle
Courtesy Michael Maslin


Railroad trestles over tideflats south of Pioneer Square, ca. 1881
Courtesy Paul Dorpat


Moran Shipyards, 1900s
Postcard


King Street Station (Charles Reed and Allen Stem, 1906)
Courtesy MOHAI


Seattle's Hooverville, 1930s
Photo by James P. Lee, Courtesy Pacific NW Labor History Association


View of the Kingdome from Safeco Field on opening day, July 15, 1999
Photo by David Messerschmidt


 
Home About Us Contact Us Education Bookstore Tourism Advanced Search

HistoryLink.org is the first online encyclopedia of local and state history created expressly for the Internet. (SM)
HistoryLink.org is a free public and educational resource produced by History Ink, a 501 (c) (3) tax-exempt corporation.
Contact us by phone at 206.447.8140, by mail at Historylink, 1411 4th Ave. Suite 803, Seattle WA 98101 or email admin@historylink.org