< Browse to Previous Essay | Browse to Next Essay >
American settlers in Oregon declare a provisional government on May 2, 1843.
HistoryLink.org Essay 5248
: Printer-Friendly Format
On May 2, 1843, following the first major influx of settlers, American citizens in "Oregon Country" meet to organize a provisional government for self-rule. The act challenges the Hudson's Bay Company and defacto British administration of the region under the 1818 Treaty of Joint Occupation.
The Hudson's Bay Company and British government did not resist the new "republic," which for a brief time existed independently of both Britain and the United States. The Provisional Government of Oregon convened its first legislature on June 18, 1844, and 480 votes were cast in its June 3, 1845, election.
Britain ceded its claims to the Pacific Northwest below the 49th parallel by signing the Treaty of Oregon on June 15, 1846, and Oregon (including the present-day states of Washington, Oregon, and Idaho) became a Territory of the United States on August 14, 1848.
Edmond S. Meany, History of the State of Washington (New York: The Macmillan Co., 1909); Clarence Bagley, History of King County, Washington (Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1929); Dictionary of Oregon History ed. by Howard McKinley Corning (Portland, OR: Binfords & Mort, 1956).
Travel through time (chronological order):
< Browse to Previous Essay
Browse to Next Essay >
War & Peace |
Licensing: This essay is licensed under a Creative Commons license that
encourages reproduction with attribution. Credit should be given to both
HistoryLink.org and to the author, and sources must be included with any
reproduction. Click the icon for more info. Please note that this
Creative Commons license applies to text only, and not to images. For
more information regarding individual photos or images, please contact
the source noted in the image credit.
Major Support for HistoryLink.org Provided
By: The State of Washington | Patsy Bullitt Collins
| Paul G. Allen Family Foundation | Museum Of History & Industry
| 4Culture (King County Lodging Tax Revenue) | City of Seattle
| City of Bellevue | City of Tacoma | King County | The Peach
Foundation | Microsoft Corporation, Other Public and Private
Sponsors and Visitors Like You