William O. Douglas Betty Bowen Carl Maxey Chief Joseph Bertha Landes Buffalo Soldier Home
Search Encyclopedia
Facebook
Advanced Search
Featured Eassy Sponsor of the Week Book Store Donate Now
Home About Us Contact Us Education Bookstore Tourism Advanced Search
6835 HistoryLink.org essays now available      
Donate Subscribe

Shortcuts

Libraries
Cyberpedias Cyberpedias
Timeline Essays Timeline Essays
People's Histories People's Histories

Selected Collections
Cities & Towns Cities & Towns
County Thumbnails Counties
Biographies Biographies
Interactive Cybertours Interactive Cybertours
Slide Shows Slideshows
Public Ports Public Ports
Audio & Video Audio & Video

Research Shortcuts

Map Searches
Alphabetical Search
Timeline Date Search
Topic Search

Features

Book of the Fortnight
Audio/Video Enhanced
History Bookshelf
Klondike Gold Rush Database
Duvall Newspaper Index
Wellington Scrapbook

More History

Washington FAQs
Washington Milestones
Honor Rolls
Columbia Basin
Everett
Olympia
Seattle
Spokane
Tacoma
Walla Walla
Roads & Rails

Cyberpedia Library

< Browse to Previous Essay | Browse to Next Essay >

Lopes, Manuel (1812-?)

HistoryLink.org Essay 394 : Printer-Friendly Format

Manuel Lopes, Seattle’s first black resident, businessman, and property owner, arrived in 1852, and operated a barbershop equipped with the first barber chair to be brought around Cape Horn.

Manuel Lopes was born in Africa about 1812 and went to New England, first to Maine and then to the New Bedford area of Massachusetts. It has been written that he was either enslaved or kidnapped and brought to America. He worked as a sailor there, most likely on a whaling ship, as many black men did during the 1830s and 1840s.

When he came to Seattle he opened the barbershop and a restaurant on Commercial Street (renamed First Avenue S), both in the same building where he lived. His customers were mostly loggers, mill hands, sailors, and miners, and he was known to provide meals whether they had the money to pay or not.

When Robert Dixon, a black barber, first came to Seattle in 1865, Manuel Lopes befriended him. Later on Robert Dixon was to use his friend’s barber chair in his own shop.

In the 1850s, Manuel Lopes was the only snare drummer in Seattle, and he was known to lead the Fourth of July parades through the small community. He also announced meal times by beating the drum.

Sometime after 1870, he moved to Port Gamble and lived there until 1885 when he was admitted to Providence Hospital for dropsy. The date and circumstances of his death are not known.

Sources:
Esther Hall Mumford, Seattle’s Black Victorians 1852-1901 (Seattle: Ananse Press, 1980), 66, 67; James R. Warren, King County and its Queen City: Seattle (Woodland Hills, CA: Windsor Publications, Inc., 1981), 51,52.


< Browse to Previous Essay | Browse to Next Essay >

Related Topics: Pioneers | Business | Firsts | Biographies | Black Americans | Music & Musicians |

Licensing: This essay is licensed under a Creative Commons license that encourages reproduction with attribution. Credit should be given to both HistoryLink.org and to the author, and sources must be included with any reproduction. Click the icon for more info. Please note that this Creative Commons license applies to text only, and not to images. For more information regarding individual photos or images, please contact the source noted in the image credit.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License


Major Support for HistoryLink.org Provided By: The State of Washington | Patsy Bullitt Collins | Paul G. Allen Family Foundation | Museum Of History & Industry | 4Culture (King County Lodging Tax Revenue) | City of Seattle | City of Bellevue | City of Tacoma | King County | The Peach Foundation | Microsoft Corporation, Other Public and Private Sponsors and Visitors Like You




 
Home About Us Contact Us Education Bookstore Tourism Advanced Search

HistoryLink.org is the first online encyclopedia of local and state history created expressly for the Internet. (SM)
HistoryLink.org is a free public and educational resource produced by History Ink, a 501 (c) (3) tax-exempt corporation.
Contact us by phone at 206.447.8140, by mail at Historylink, 1411 4th Ave. Suite 803, Seattle WA 98101 or email admin@historylink.org