October 30, 2014 - November 5, 2014
Travels with the Queen
This week in 1926 Washington rolled out the red carpet for Queen Marie of Romania. She was visiting the state at the invitation of philanthropist Sam Hill, who wanted her to dedicate an art museum he was building in Goldendale. After arriving in New York on October 18, Queen Marie traveled to Washington, D.C., to meet with President Calvin Coolidge before heading west by train. She arrived in Spokane with her 85-person entourage on November 2 and was feted with a reception at the Davenport Hotel.
The next day, Queen Marie traveled to Goldendale and dedicated Hill's Maryhill Museum of Art, which was still under construction. After the dedication, the royal party spent the night in Portland, then visited Longview the next morning. When the Queen arrived in Seattle that afternoon she was greeted at the train station by thousands of well-wishers before leaving in a motorcade to tour the city. In the above photo, Queen Marie is seated in the center of the back seat next to Seattle Mayor Bertha Landes, while a top-hatted Sam Hill sits in front of them, looking as pleased as punch.
The Queen's tour of the city included a visit to Roosevelt High School and ended with a dinner reception at the New Washington Hotel. On November 6, Queen Marie completed her tour of Washington in Blaine, where she rededicated the Peace Arch, which had been built by Sam Hill a few years earlier. From there she headed east, making another brief stop in Spokane on her way back across the continent and home again to Romania.
People on the Move
HistoryLink's Education Team is proud to present their newest curriculum, People on the Move: Early Travel in Washington State, which uses local history as a lens through which to view and examine United States history, particularly westward expansion and the role of improvements in transportation and travel. Read all about it on our Education Page.
The curriculum uses HistoryLink's new Seattle-to-Walla Walla Map, which details the historic transportation corridor between Walla Walla and Seattle and is available at cultural institutions along the route. You can also download a PDF of the map here. HistoryLink is also putting the finishing touches on a new Wagon Roads iPhone app, coming soon.
News Then, History Now
Seaborne Tumults: On November 1, 1808, the Russian ship Saint Nicholas wrecked near the mouth of the Quillayute River. The survivors were taken captive by Quileute Indians and remained in captivity for two and a half years, during which time seven of them died or disappeared. This week also marks the anniversary of the November 4, 1875, wreck of the SS Pacific, which foundered off Cape Flattery, sending 275 passengers and crew to their doom.
Election Results: Pierce County's original county seat was at Steilacoom, but on November 2, 1880, residents voted to move it to New Tacoma. In the same election, voters also chose Clara McCarty as the superintendent of Pierce County Schools. Four years earlier, McCarty was the first person to graduate from the Territorial University, later the University of Washington.
The Madness of Crowds: Amid growing anti-Chinese violence up and down the West Coast, a mob in Tacoma expelled the city's entire Chinese community on November 3, 1885. In 1993, the Tacoma City Council approved the Chinese Reconciliation Resolution to make amends for the 1885 ouster.
Funeral Shrouds: On November 5, 1916, the Everett Massacre erupted on that city's waterfront. Five members of the Industrial Workers of the World and two deputies died in a hail of bullets when two boatloads of Wobblies attempted to dock in Everett for a free-speech demonstration. Often overlooked is the fact that the IWW had attempted to rally in support of striking workers in Everett one week earlier, only to be beaten bloody and run out of town by some 200 deputized thugs.
Taking a Stand: Forty-five years ago this week, on October 30, 1969, University of Washington coach Jim Owens dismissed four black players from the Husky football team. Assistant Coach Carver Gayton, an African American alumnus and athlete who played on the victorious 1959 Rose Bowl team, resigned in protest of the manner in which Owens handled this episode. HistoryLink.org is proud to present Gayton's judicious account of those events, written exclusively for our People's History library in 2004.
Not as Planned: On November 2, 1972, mudballs flew at the groundbreaking ceremonies for Seattle's Kingdome, causing an abrupt end to the event. Although the stadium had its detractors, it eventually went up and later came down -- but not before this bit of football ignominy, which occurred 35 years ago this week.
Quote of the Week
Oh, life is a glorious cycle of song,
A medley of extemporanea;
And love is a thing that can never go wrong;
And I am Marie of Romania.
Image of the Week
On November 1, 1897, in Skagit County, E. G. Pelton and others founded the Equality Colony, a socialist experiment that lasted less than 10 years.