Settlers of North Oregon convene a convention at Cowlitz Landing to form a separate territory on August 29, 1851.

  • By David Wilma
  • Posted 10/03/2003
  • HistoryLink.org Essay 5560
On August 29, 1851, settlers of North Oregon convene a convention at Cowlitz Landing to form a separate territory. The attendees resolve that lawyer John Chapman should draft a memorial to Congress asserting that "the inhabitants North of the Columbia River receive no benefit ... whatever from the Territorial Government of Oregon" (Ficken, 26). Congress will ignore the plea for another year.

On July 7, 1851, at the superior court session on John Jackson's Cowlitz Valley farm, settlers took steps to call a convention to carve the Territory of Columbia out of Oregon, bounded on the south and east by the Columbia River, but including the Walla Walla Valley. The 24 members of the Columbia Territory Convention assembled at Cowlitz Landing -- also called Warbassport -- on August 29. The only settler from north of Olympia was Thomas Chambers of Steilacoom. The result was the assignment of Chapman to write a letter to Congress asking for a new territory.

Chapman's document spent more time criticizing the Hudson's Bay Company's monopoly in the region than on articulating the political advantages of a new territory. Congress did not act on the petition. A year later, settlers would assemble at the Monticello Convention in Lewis County and would again petition Congress. The result was a new territory named Washington.


Sources: Robert E. Ficken, "Columbia, Washington or Tacoma?" Columbia, Vol. 17, No. 1 (Spring 2003), pp. 25-30.

Licensing: This essay is licensed under a Creative Commons license that encourages reproduction with attribution. Credit should be given to both HistoryLink.org and to the author, and sources must be included with any reproduction. Click the icon for more info. Please note that this Creative Commons license applies to text only, and not to images. For more information regarding individual photos or images, please contact the source noted in the image credit.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License
Major Support for HistoryLink.org Provided By: The State of Washington | Patsy Bullitt Collins | Paul G. Allen Family Foundation | Museum Of History & Industry | 4Culture (King County Lodging Tax Revenue) | City of Seattle | City of Bellevue | City of Tacoma | King County | The Peach Foundation | Microsoft Corporation, Other Public and Private Sponsors and Visitors Like You