In 1894, Ella Guptil won election as Clallam County Superintendent of Schools. The next year the Washington State Legislature passed a bill that legalized her position.
In 1900, seven women served as county superintendents. Julia Kennedy served as Seattle's first female superintendent of schools. Washington's public schools employed 1,033 male teachers at an average monthly salary of $42.13 and 2,288 female teachers at an average monthly salary of $34.53.