Lavroff, Ross N. (1936-2001)

  • By Walt Crowley
  • Posted 4/05/2001
  • HistoryLink.org Essay 3169
Ross N. Lavroff served as the "voice" of the historic 1975 Apollo-Soyuz docking among other assignments as an interpreter. The Ukraine-born Russian served numerous U.S. government and international agencies.

Refugee from Stalin and Hitler

Ross Lavroff was born in Kiev on April 29, 1936. His father disappeared during the Stalinist purges of the 1930s, and German invaders captured his family in 1942. Lavroff's older sister, Vera, was conscripted into Nazi war industries and deported to Polish and German factories, and Lavroff and his mother were deported with her.

Following liberation in Germany, Vera married an American soldier and in 1950 moved to Rochester, New York, with her brother. Lavroff displayed an early talent for languages, graduated high school a year early, and attended the University of Rochester. After gaining U.S. citizenship in 1955, he enlisted in the Army. He became enamored of the Pacific Northwest during a posting at Fort Lewis, near Tacoma, Washington.

Voice of Presidents and Cosmonauts

Lavroff served as a simultaneous interpreter for NBC during Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev's visit to the United Nations' New York City headquarters in 1961. Over the next three decades, he was employed by a variety of international groups and agencies, ranging from the U.S. State Department to the Bolshoi Ballet. Among notable moments in his career, Lavroff served as an interpreter to Presidents Ford, Carter, and George H. W. Bush in high level meetings on nuclear disarmament and other topics. He was proudest of his work for NASA as the public simultaneous interpreter for U.S. and Soviet crews during the historic July 17, 1975, docking of Apollo and Soyuz spacecraft.

In his private life, Lavroff was a dedicated denizen of Seattle's Lake Union houseboat community, a friend of artists and poets around the world, and a regular of the Blue Moon Tavern, where he delighted in hosting high-level Soviet officials and their nervous KGB escorts. During a 1987 session in the Kremlin, Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev once teased Lavroff, "So you're from Seattle. How's the Blue Moon?"

Stranded by History?

In 1990, Lavroff befriended a crew of Russian sailors stranded in Seattle by the collapse of the Soviet Union. The sailors had been retracing explorer Vitus Bering's route in three replicas of his ships. Lavroff found sponsors and lodging for them, and orchestrated an elaborate ceremony on Lake Union in which they struck the Hammer & Sickle ensign and ran up the Imperial Russian flag in its place, which earned national publicity.

Lavroff also served as a technical adviser to Alan Furst on his first novels, offering details on Eastern European history and security agencies. (Furst, best-selling author of spy thrillers set in Eastern Europe, lived on Bainbridge Island, near Seattle, in the 1980s.)

Lavroff underwent heart surgery in 1987 and was in semi-retirement at the time of his death. The fall of the Soviet Union was bitter-sweet for Lavroff. Although continuing to be active in mutual U.S.-Russian weapons-destruction talks, he found himself increasingly displaced by free-lance Russian interpreters, whom he liked even less than their Communist predecessors. He remained busy with highly technical translation work for U.S. and Russian groups and businesses up to his death on March 30, 2001.


Sources: Walt Crowley personal reminiscence and conversation with Vera Bloom, Seattle, Washington, March 30, 2001. See Also: Candy Hatcher, "Pints Raised to a Hidden Treasure of Seattle," Seattle Post-Intelligencer, April 6, 2001 (SeattleP-I.com).

Related Topics:   Biographies | Slavic Americans | War & Peace

Licensing: This essay is licensed under a Creative Commons license that encourages reproduction with attribution. Credit should be given to both HistoryLink.org and to the author, and sources must be included with any reproduction. Click the icon for more info. Please note that this Creative Commons license applies to text only, and not to images. For more information regarding individual photos or images, please contact the source noted in the image credit.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License
Major Support for HistoryLink.org Provided By: The State of Washington | Patsy Bullitt Collins | Paul G. Allen Family Foundation | Museum Of History & Industry | 4Culture (King County Lodging Tax Revenue) | City of Seattle | City of Bellevue | City of Tacoma | King County | The Peach Foundation | Microsoft Corporation, Other Public and Private Sponsors and Visitors Like You