西雅图街区:莱克伍德 (Lakewood)--简史

  • By David Wilma
  • Posted 3/28/2001
  • HistoryLink.org Essay 3140

莱克伍德是西雅图华盛顿湖湖滨东南部的一个街区,位于杰纳西公园 (Genesee Park) 西部和苏域柏公园的北部(通常被视为苏域柏公园街区的一部分)。该地区最初是华盛顿湖西岸的一个半岛,由狭长的入湖口形成,被人们称之为 Wetmore Slough(如今是杰纳西公园的所在地),这一狭长地带从华盛顿湖向南延伸超过半英里后转向西方,直抵哥伦比亚市。直到 1912 年,才在华盛顿湖 Boulevard S 上建起一座大桥,此桥横跨河道的入湖口。同时,从 S Genesee Street 始发的电车线路也得以开通,此条线路成为社区与其他城市之间建立良好沟通的关键途径。1917 年,由于华盛顿湖运河行道的开通而导致湖面水位下降,河道也因此排干。西雅图市买下了这片土地,计划在原河道区域修建一座公园,但多年来,这片土地一直被 用作垃圾场。1957 年,西雅图市在原河道区域北端建造了 Stanley S. Sayres Memorial Hydroplane Pits。1968 年,通过发行 Forward Thrust 债券,长期搁置的开发计划得以完成,最终将其余河道区域开发为杰纳西公园和球场。除公园之外,莱克伍德地区还建造有许多毗邻湖岸的大型房屋和位于内陆的较 宜居的房屋。


Sources:

"Lakewood Community Club," brochure, 1948, Rainier Valley Historical Society, Seattle; David Buerge, "Indian Lake Washington," The Weekly, August 1, 1984, pp. 29-33; Don Sherwood, "Seward Park - Graham Peninsula," Interpretive Essays on the History of Seattle Parks, Handwritten bound manuscript dated 1977, Seattle Room, Seattle Public Library; Don Sherwood, "Genessee P.F., Wetmore Slough," Ibid.; Don Sherwood, "Stanley S. Sayres Memorial Park," Ibid.; "Cougar captured near Lake Washington about February 23, 1870," Timeline Library, (www.Historylink.org); Paul Dorpat, Seattle Now and Then, (Seattle: Tartu Publications, 1984), 82; Lucile B. McDonald, The Lake Washington Story, (Seattle: Superior Publishing Co., 1979), 23, 87, 88; Redick H. McKee, Road Map of Seattle and Vicinity, 1890, Seattle Public Library; "Guide Map of the City of Seattle, Washington Territory," ca. 1888, brochure, Seattle Public Library; David Wilma interview with Grover Haynes, president, Lakewood-Seward Park Community Club, March 31, 2001, Seattle, Washington; Alan A. Hynding, "Eugene Semple's Canal Scheme," The Pacific Northwest Quarterly, vol. 59, no. 2, (April 1968), 77-87; Joseph B. Shepherd, "Improvement Clubs and Their Works," The Seattle Times, March 29, 1928, p. 18; "Columbia City's Seaport Dream Never to Come True," Ibid., April 9, 1937, p. 7; David B. Williams, Jennifer Ott, and the staff of HistoryLink, Waterway: The Story of Seattle's Locks and Ship Canal, (Seattle: HistoryLink, forthcoming, June 2017).
Note: This essay was revised and corrected on November 2, 2011, and revised and expanded on April 20, 2017.


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